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Table 23.  Percentage of public schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation, and the percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans, by selected school characteristics: School year 200708
Percentage of schools with specified types of crisis response plans
School characteristic Percentage of schools with a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation   Shootings   Natural disasters1   Hostages   Bomb threats or incidents   Chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents2   Suicide threat or incident   The U.S. national threat level is changed to Red (Severe Risk of Terrorist Attack)
by the Depart-ment of Homeland Security3
  Pandemic flu  
All public schools  99   83   96   71   94   72   74   40   36  
                                     
Level4                                     
Primary  99   80   96   70   93   71   70   41   35  
Middle  99   88   96   76   97   73   81   39   40  
High school  99   91   94   76   96   73   84   41   38  
Combined  98   80   95   63   86   66   73   32   34  
                                     
Enrollment size                                     
Less than 300  98   76   94   62   88   61   68   36   34  
300–499  99   81   96   71   94   73   73   37   36  
500–999  100   87   97   77   97   76   76   44   37  
1,000 or more  99   90   96   77   96   75   83   44   37  
                                     
Urbanicity                                     
City  99   83   95   69   95   74   75   49   32  
Suburb  99   85   96   75   97   76   76   43   37  
Town  99   85   97   74   94   70   73   31   39  
Rural  99   80   96   69   90   66   71   34   37  
                                     
Crime level where students live5                                     
High  98   77   93   66   89   60   72   45   28  
Moderate  99   83   95   74   93   75   74   47   36  
Low  99   84   97   71   95   71   74   36   38  
Mixed  99   81   95   70   94   75   74   44   35  
                                     
Percent of combined Black/African
   American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
   Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
   Islander, and American Indian/
   Alaska Native students
                                   
Less than 5 percent  99   81   95   76   94   68   76   36   43  
5 to less than 20 percent  100   88   97   72   94   75   80   36   41  
20 to less than 50 percent  100   85   96   73   96   74   70   40   34  
50 percent or more  98   79   95   68   92   69   71   45   30  
                                     
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                   
0–20 percent  99   87   95   76   96   77   79   42   41  
21–50 percent  100   85   97   71   95   73   74   38   38  
More than 50 percent  99   79   95   69   92   67   72   41   32  
                                     
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
                                   
0–5 percent  99   83   96   72   94   71   75   41   38  
6–15 percent  99   84   96   74   95   74   74   40   40  
More than 15 percent  100   82   95   66   92   68   72   39   28  
                                     
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
                                   
0–35 percent  99   78   94   69   92   68   72   39   33  
36–60 percent  100   82   96   73   94   69   71   37   33  
More than 60 percent  99   86   97   72   95   75   77   42   40  
                                     
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
                                   
0–25 percent  99   74   91   66   87   65   68   27   25  
26–50 percent  99   84   94   69   93   67   71   36   30  
51–75 percent  99   86   97   74   95   72   76   41   40  
More than 75 percent  99   82   96   71   94   74   75   43   38  
                                     
Percent male enrollment                                     
0–44 percent  96   80   89   66   92   65   66   41   33  
45–55 percent  100   84   97   72   94   73   75   38   36  
More than 55 percent  99   83   95   71   93   69   76   49   37  
                                     
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                     
Less than 12 students  99   81   94   69   92   68   74   38   37  
12–16 students  100   86   98   74   96   75   77   43   36  
More than 16 students  100   85   98   75   95   76   67   38   33  
                                     
Number of classroom changes7                                     
0–3 changes  98   79   96   66   91   66   66   41   32  
4–6 changes  99   83   95   72   94   74   74   40   38  
More than 6 changes  99   87   97   75   96   74   81   38   37  
                                     
Regular use of law enforcement8                                     
Regular use  99   87   95   76   95   74   79   44   35  
No regular use  99   79   96   68   92   70   70   36   37  
                                     
Number of serious
   discipline problems9
                                   
No problems  99   81   96   70   93   71   71   40   36  
1 problem  100   88   96   75   95   74   81   40   34  
2 problems  100   90   98   73   96   72   82   34   43  
3 or more problems  99   83   93   69   95   70   74   47   31  
                                     
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment10 
                                   
Less than 6 percent  99   85   97   70   94   70   80   38   40  
6 to less than 11 percent  100   82   96   73   95   76   75   41   36  
11 to less than 21 percent  99   83   96   72   92   70   73   39   36  
21 percent or more  99   82   94   71   95   72   70   42   33  
                                     
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions11 
                                   
No disruptions  99   82   96   71   94   71   74   40   36  
Any disruptions  100   92   95   80   97   73   80   40   41  
                                     
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
                                   
0–2 percent  100   80   97   70   92   70   75   39   37  
3–5 percent  100   85   98   73   94   74   75   40   38  
6–10 percent  99   81   93   69   94   68   72   40   35  
More than 10 percent  96   80   90   71   90   65   74   41   27  
                                     
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                     
No violent incidents  98   75   96   65   88   69   64   39   38  
Any violent incidents  100   86   96   74   96   72   77   41   35  
1 Examples of natural disasters provided to respondents were earthquakes or tornadoes.
2 Examples of chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents provided to respondents were the release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
3 This item is new to the 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety.
4 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
5 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Respondents were included as having a written plan for responding to at least one crisis situation if they reported that they had a written plan that described procedures for any of the following: school shootings; natural disasters; hostages; bomb threats or incidents; chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents; suicide threat or incident; U.S. national threat level changed to red; or pandemic flu. Detail may not sum to totals because schools may have reported more than one of the practices. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education