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Table 20.  Percentage distribution of public schools reporting selected percentages of students with a parent or guardian who attended an open house or back-to-school night or regularly scheduled parent-teacher conferences, by selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08
  Percent of students with a parent or guardian who attended an open house or back-to-school night   Percent of students with a parent or guardian who attended regularly scheduled parent-teacher conferences
School characteristic 0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer     0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer  
All public schools  5   17   27   48   2     7   16   23   51   3  
                                           
Level1                                           
Primary  3   11   24   62       3   9   19   67   1 !
Middle  4   21   36   37   1 !   9   24   29   34   4  
High school  15   34   29   17   4     19   31   26   14   10  
Combined  10 ! 25   28   24   13     11   22   30   35    
                                           
Enrollment size                                           
Less than 300  6   16   23   49   6     8   13   17   59   3 !
300–499  5   16   22   54   2 !   5   13   22   58   1 !
500–999  4   16   31   49       6   16   26   49   3  
1,000 or more  8   29   38   24   1     14   29   26   22   9  
                                           
Urbanicity                                           
City  6   19   30   44   1 !   6   17   23   52   2  
Suburb  3   11   27   57       4   13   22   56   4  
Town  5   22   25   46   2     7   18   26   47   2  
Rural  6   19   26   43   5     10   18   22   47   3  
                                           
Crime level where students live2                                           
High  9   34   24   31       9   23   27   40   1 !
Moderate  7   22   34   36   2 !   9   20   26   44   2  
Low  4   14   25   55   2     6   13   21   56   3  
Mixed  5   16   32   44   3 !   7   19   23   46   5  
                                           
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students
                                         
Less than 5 percent  6   18   25   47   4 !   12   16   20   47   5 !
5 to less than 20 percent  3   12   25   58   2 !   3   14   22   58   3  
20 to less than 50 percent  4   16   26   52   2 !   5   15   21   55   3  
50 percent or more  7   21   32   38   2 !   9   19   27   44   2  
                                           
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                         
0–20 percent  2   8   23   64   2 !   4   10   18   63   6  
21–50 percent  4   18   25   51   2 !   7   15   23   52   3  
More than 50 percent  8   21   32   37   2 !   9   20   26   44   1 !
                                           
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
                                         
0–5 percent  3   13   23   59   3 !   6   13   21   57   4  
6–15 percent  5   18   30   46   2 !   6   16   23   51   3  
More than 15 percent  9   23   30   37   2 !   10   20   26   42   2  
                                           
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
                                         
0–35 percent  9   24   32   32   3 !   11   19   25   42   3 !
36–60 percent  5   19   32   41   2 !   8   21   28   40   3  
More than 60 percent  3   12   22   60   2 !   4   12   19   62   3  
                                           
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
                                         
0–25 percent  13 ! 26   26   30   5 !   15   18   18   45    
26–50 percent  9   28   33   27   3 !   13   26   29   30   3  
51–75 percent  5   20   31   43   2 !   7   18   25   47   3  
More than 75 percent  3   11   24   61   2 !   4   11   20   62   3  
                                           
Percent male enrollment                                           
0–44 percent  10   14   21   53       4 ! 15   22   56   3 !
45–55 percent  4   17   30   47   2     7   16   24   50   3  
More than 55 percent  6 ! 23   18   49   4 !   12   15   19   53   2 !
                                           
Student-to-FTE ratio3                                           
Less than 12 students  5   17   27   48   3     8   15   25   50   2  
12–16 students  4   19   27   48   2 !   6   17   22   52   3  
More than 16 students  7   16   30   46   1 !   8   16   19   52   5  
                                           
Number of classroom changes4                                           
0–3 changes  6   13   24   56   2 !   4 ! 11   22   61   2 !
4–6 changes  4   18   27   50   1 !   7   16   23   52   3  
More than 6 changes  7   20   31   38   4     11   21   24   40   4  
                                           
Regular use of law enforcement5                                           
Regular use  6   23   31   39   1     10   23   26   38   4  
No regular use  4   13   24   56   3     5   10   20   62   2  
                                           
Number of serious
   discipline problems6 
                                         
No problems  5   15   25   53   2     6   14   21   56   3  
1 problem  5   20   32   43   2 !   6   19   27   46   3  
2 problems  5 ! 23   39   31       13   24   28   32   3  
3 or more problems  11   31   26   28       16   25   29   27   3 !
                                           
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment7 
                                         
Less than 6 percent  4   12   23   57   3 !   4   12   23   58   4  
6 to less than 11 percent  4   14   24   56   2 !   6   15   19   58   3  
11 to less than 21 percent  6   19   31   42       7   18   25   47   3  
21 percent or more  5   22   29   41   3 !   10   19   24   45   2 !
                                           
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions8 
                                         
No disruptions  5   17   27   49   2     7   15   23   53   3  
Any disruptions  9   25   37   29       14   27   25   29   4  
                                           
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
                                         
0–2 percent  1 ! 9   26   63       1 ! 11   21   62   5 !
3–5 percent  4   15   26   54   2     6   13   21   57   3  
6–10 percent  6   23   32   37   2 !   8   21   26   42   3  
More than 10 percent  20   27   21   28   4 !   20   24   26   25   5 !
                                           
Prevalence of violent incidents9                                           
No violent incidents  3 ! 9   16   68   3 !   3 ! 7   13   74   3 !
Any violent incidents  6   20   31   41   2     9   19   26   44   3  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education