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Table 19.  Percentage of public schools reporting the use of selected practices to involve parents in school discipline, by selected school characteristics: School year 200708

School characteristic Have a formal process to obtain parent input on policies related to school crime and discipline   Provide training or technical assistance to parents in dealing with students' problem behavior   Have a program that involves parents at school helping to maintain school discipline  
All public schools  55   52   22  
             
Level1             
Primary  56   57   25  
Middle  55   53   19  
High school  60   41   16  
Combined  42   41   15  
             
Enrollment size             
Less than 300  52   49   18  
300–499  52   50   21  
500–999  57   56   25  
1,000 or more  65   56   18  
             
Urbanicity             
City  64   64   32  
Suburb  55   55   20  
Town  52   44   21  
Rural  50   45   15  
             
Crime level where students live2             
High  68   66   41  
Moderate  57   55   24  
Low  52   48   17  
Mixed  59   62   26  
             
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students
           
Less than 5 percent  49   40   13  
5 to less than 20 percent  50   50   16  
20 to less than 50 percent  56   52   18  
50 percent or more  62   61   32  
             
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
           
0–20 percent  55   51   16  
21–50 percent  51   47   17  
More than 50 percent  59   58   28  
             
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
           
0–5 percent  55   50   21  
6–15 percent  55   54   20  
More than 15 percent  56   53   26  
             
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
           
0–35 percent  57   54   23  
36–60 percent  55   53   22  
More than 60 percent  55   51   21  
             
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
           
0–25 percent  56   47   22  
26–50 percent  56   55   20  
51–75 percent  52   47   22  
More than 75 percent  57   56   22  
             
Percent male enrollment             
0–44 percent  53   62   31  
45–55 percent  55   50   19  
More than 55 percent  61   58   27  
             
Student-to-FTE ratio3             
Less than 12 students  54   55   22  
12–16 students  54   51   22  
More than 16 students  61   47   19  
             
Number of classroom changes4             
0–3 changes  60   57   26  
4–6 changes  56   53   22  
More than 6 changes  50   47   17  
             
Regular use of law enforcement5             
Regular use  59   54   24  
No regular use  52   51   19  
             
Number of serious
   discipline problems6 
           
No problems  55   53   22  
1 problem  55   52   19  
2 problems  56   47   19  
3 or more problems  62   52   24  
             
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment7 
           
Less than 6 percent  58   53   18  
6 to less than 11 percent  52   49   21  
11 to less than 21 percent  55   47   22  
21 percent or more  56   60   24  
             
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions8 
           
No disruptions  55   52   22  
Any disruptions  64   55   20  
             
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
           
0–2 percent  55   52   15  
3–5 percent  56   53   20  
6–10 percent  54   52   25  
More than 10 percent  57   51   25  
             
Prevalence of violent incidents9             
No violent incidents  50   48   24  
Any violent incidents  57   54   21  
1 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
5 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
6 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
7 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
8 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
9 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals, because schools may have reported using more than one of these practices. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education