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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution,
possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school 
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic  Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students  
All public schools  10,250   6     41,190   26     75,690   48     31,840   20  
                                       
Level3                                       
Primary              3,230   69     750 ! 16 !
Middle  2,280   6     10,130   28     17,310   48     6,370   18  
High school  6,700   6     28,380   26     50,290   47     22,580   21  
Combined  1,130 ! 11 !   2,100 ! 21 !   4,870   48     2,130   21  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300  660 !             49     1,840    
300–499  560   5     2,160   21     5,590   54     1,990   19  
500–999  3,170   8     9,150   22     20,910   50     8,330   20  
1,000 or more  5,850   6     27,170   28     44,260   46     19,680   20  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  2,800   6     14,460   29     20,560   41     12,930   25  
Suburb  2,190   5     9,120   20     25,010   55     9,480   21  
Town  1,510 ! 8     4,600   24     10,900   56     2,510   13  
Rural  3,750   9     13,010   30     19,230   45     6,920   16  
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                       
High  1,050 !     5,790 ! 29     9,480 ! 48     3,460   17 !
Moderate  3,040   8     11,040   28     16,190   41     8,780   22  
Low  4,580   6     16,440   22     39,430   52     15,000   20  
Mixed  1,570   6     7,910   32     10,600   43     4,600   19  
                                       
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students
                                     
Less than 5 percent  1,660 ! 10     2,550   16     7,960   49     4,040   25  
5 to less than 20 percent  2,500   6     6,420   16     22,690   58     7,450   19  
20 to less than 50 percent  2,690   6     12,890   31     19,590   47     6,940   16  
50 percent or more  3,400   6     19,340   31     25,450   41     13,400   22  
                                       
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                     
0–20 percent  2,240   6     5,690   15     22,470   58     8,320   21  
21–50 percent  4,880   7     17,800   27     30,350   47     12,220   19  
More than 50 percent  3,130   6     17,700   32     22,880   42     11,300   21  
                                       
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
                                     
0–5 percent  2,420   6     10,440   25     20,250   49     8,480   20  
6–15 percent  4,270   7     15,580   24     33,400   52     11,070   17  
More than 15 percent  3,550   7     15,170   29     22,040   42     12,280   23  
                                       
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
                                     
0–35 percent  2,050   5     11,980   30     18,760   47     6,920   17  
36–60 percent  3,650   8     13,600   30     19,560   44     7,910   18  
More than 60 percent  4,550   6     15,610   21     37,370   50     17,000   23  
                                       
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
                                     
0–25 percent  800 !     5,630 ! 35     7,090 ! 44     2,670   17 !
26–50 percent  2,520   8     7,300   25     14,340   48     5,600   19  
51–75 percent  3,690   7     13,290   26     24,140   47     10,560   20  
More than 75 percent  3,240   5     14,970   24     30,130   49     13,000   21  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  720 ! 6     3,510   27     5,440   42     3,180 ! 25  
45–55 percent  8,790   7     34,540   26     63,390   48     26,140   20  
More than 55 percent  730 !       24 !   6,860 ! 52     2,510 !  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                       
Less than 12 students  3,100   6     14,130   27     23,840   46     11,320   22  
12–16 students  3,910   6     19,640   29     30,850   46     12,190   18  
More than 16 students  3,240   8     7,420   19     21,010   53     8,330   21  
                                       
Number of classroom changes6                                       
0–3 changes  230 ! 4 !   850   14     3,130   53     1,710   29  
4–6 changes  4,950   6     21,050   26     39,380   49     15,160   19  
More than 6 changes  5,070   7     19,290   27     33,180   46     14,960   21  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement7                                       
Regular use  9,640   7     39,000   27     69,050   47     27,780   19  
No regular use  610 ! 5 !   2,190   16     6,640   49     4,050   30  
                                       
Number of serious
   discipline problems8 
                                     
No problems  4,990   7     18,660   25     35,110   47     16,730   22  
1 problem  2,270   6     9,530   26     18,710   51     6,110   17  
2 problems  1,050   6     4,750   27     8,950   50     3,090   17  
3 or more problems  1,940   7 !   8,240   28     12,920   45     5,910   20  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment9 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  2,350   10     2,490   10     14,220   58     5,560   23  
6 to less than 11 percent  2,530   8     6,560   22     14,170   47     6,670   22  
11 to less than 21 percent  2,950   6     13,450   28     22,300   46     9,680   20  
21 percent or more  2,420   4     18,690   33     25,010   45     9,930   18  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions10 
                                     
No disruptions  8,430   7     32,620   26     61,410   49     23,670   19  
Any disruptions  1,820   6     8,570   26     14,290   44     8,160   25  
                                       
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent        840 ! 17     3,050   61     840 ! 17 !
3–5 percent  3,650   6     16,030   28     25,600   44     12,880   22  
6–10 percent  4,950   7     20,150   27     34,910   47     13,610   18  
More than 10 percent  1,360   6     4,160   19     12,140   55     4,500   20  
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents11                                       
No violent incidents        170 ! 9 !   880 ! 47     770 ! 41  
Any violent incidents  10,180   6     41,020   26     74,810   48     31,070   20  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons, although the school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple students or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education