Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public schools involved in the use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or
possession of a weapon1 other than a firearm at school
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools2   Out-of-school suspen-
sions lasting 5 or more days
but less than the remain-
der of the school year
  Other disciplinary action3
School characteristic Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students     Number of students   Percent of students  
All public schools  2,860   5     11,750   22     22,170   41     17,270   32  
                                       
Level4                                       
Primary  #   #     400   2     1,460   7     1,500   6  
Middle  1,000   7     3,890   26     6,820   45     3,470   23  
High school  1,640   8     5,990   30     8,820   44     3,680 ! 18 !
Combined              810 ! 35 !   1,000 ! 43 !
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300  240 ! 6 !   550 ! 13 !   1,080 ! 26 !   2,270 ! 55  
300–499        930   13     3,010 ! 41     3,190   44  
500–999  690   3     3,530   16     9,560   43     8,390   38  
1,000 or more  1,760   9     6,740   33     8,520   42     3,430   17  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  830   4     5,170   24     8,820   42     6,410   30  
Suburb  860   6     3,350   24     5,790   42     3,880   28  
Town  400 ! 5 !   960   13 !   2,530   34     3,480 ! 47  
Rural  770 ! 7 !   2,270   20     5,030   44     3,490   30  
                                       
Crime level where students live5                                       
High        2,090   23     3,690 ! 40     2,770   30  
Moderate  620   4     3,820   22     5,970   35     6,800   39  
Low  990   5     3,420   18     8,940   47     5,820   30  
Mixed  540   6 !   2,420   29     3,570   42     1,880   22  
                                       
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students
                                     
Less than 5 percent        790 ! 21     1,710 ! 45     1,080   28 !
5 to less than 20 percent  560   6     1,390   16     3,700   42     3,250   36  
20 to less than 50 percent        3,910   27     6,480   45     3,210   22  
50 percent or more  1,350   5     5,660   21     10,280   38     9,730   36  
                                       
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                     
0–20 percent  460   6     1,460   18     4,380   52     2,050   24  
21–50 percent  1,410   8     4,240   23     6,900   37     6,260   33  
More than 50 percent  990   4     6,040   22     10,880   40     8,960   33  
                                       
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
                                     
0–5 percent  490   4     2,290   20     5,140   45     3,560   31  
6–15 percent  1,070   5     4,510   23     8,170   42     5,910   30  
More than 15 percent  1,300 ! 6 !   4,950   22     8,850   39     7,800   34  
                                       
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
                                     
0–35 percent  630 ! 4 !   3,840   23     6,800   40     5,580   33  
36–60 percent  780   5     2,950   19     6,190   39     5,760   37  
More than 60 percent  1,450   7     4,960   23     9,180   43     5,930   28  
                                       
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
                                     
0–25 percent        1,340   29     1,240   27     1,390 ! 30 !
26–50 percent  710   4     2,710   16     6,410   39     6,600   40  
51–75 percent  620   4     4,130   25     7,000   43     4,640   28  
More than 75 percent  910   5     3,570   21     7,510   45     4,650   28  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  230 ! 6 !   600 ! 15 !   2,400 ! 60     800   20 !
45–55 percent  2,400   5     10,000   22     18,410   40     14,880   33  
More than 55 percent  240 ! 5 !   1,140   26 !   1,350 ! 31     1,590 ! 37  
                                       
Student-to-FTE ratio6                                       
Less than 12 students  890   5     4,330   23     6,770   36     6,700   36  
12–16 students  930   4     4,410   21     9,840   46     6,260   29  
More than 16 students  1,040 ! 7 !   3,010   22     5,560   40     4,310 ! 31  
                                       
Number of classroom changes7                                       
0–3 changes        620 ! 9     2,960 ! 44     3,130   46  
4–6 changes  1,300   5     6,010   24     10,860   43     7,130   28  
More than 6 changes  1,520   7     5,120   23     8,350   38     7,000   32  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement8                                       
Regular use  2,650   6     10,030   25     16,980   41     11,290   28  
No regular use  210 ! 2 !   1,720   13     5,190   40     5,980   46  
                                       
Number of serious
   discipline problems9 
                                     
No problems  1,520   7     5,130   23     7,800   36     7,410   34  
1 problem  610   3     3,270   18     7,890   44     6,120 ! 34  
2 problems        1,490   22     3,220   47     2,010   30  
3 or more problems  670   9     1,860   25     3,260   43     1,720 ! 23  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment10 
                                     
Less than 6 percent  970 ! 15 !   1,160   17     2,340   35     2,240   33  
6 to less than 11 percent  460 ! 5 !   2,150   25     3,810   44     2,170 ! 25  
11 to less than 21 percent  800   4     3,610   19     9,060   48     5,550 ! 29  
21 percent or more  630   3     4,830   24     6,960   35     7,300   37  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions11 
                                     
No disruptions  2,140   5     10,020   21     19,090   41     15,520   33  
Any disruptions        1,730   24     3,080   42     1,750   24  
                                       
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent  170 ! 8 !     19 !   800 ! 37     800 ! 37 !
3–5 percent  870   4     4,300   20     8,320   38     8,500   39  
6–10 percent  1,560   7     5,500   23     10,110   43     6,360   27  
More than 10 percent  260   4 !   1,550   24     2,940   46     1,610   25  
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                       
No violent incidents        220 !     380 ! 26 !   800 ! 54  
Any violent incidents  2,780   5     11,520   22     21,780   41     16,470   31  
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Firearm or explosive device was defined for respondents as "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage."
2 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons, although the school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
3 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
4 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
5 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple students or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education