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Table 6.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting at least one incident of the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school, or of vandalism at school, the number of incidents reported, and the rate of incidents per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08

  Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs    Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol    Vandalism1   
School characteristic  Num-
ber of schools
  Per-
cent of schools
  Num-
ber of incidents
  Rate per 1,000 students   Num-
ber of schools
  Per-
cent of schools
  Num-
ber of incidents
  Rate per 1,000 students   Num-
ber of schools
  Per-
cent of schools
  Num-
ber of incidents
  Rate per 1,000 students  
All public schools  19,240   23   107,300   2 0 12,330   15   37,800   1   40,930   49   212,100   4  
                                                 
Level2                                                 
Primary  1,540   3   3,200   #   1,320   3   1,500   #   19,290   39   78,100   3  
Middle  6,710   44   24,500   3   2,920   19   6,600   1   9,860   65   65,800   7  
High school  9,160   77   72,800   6   6,690   56   26,900   2   8,760   74   58,600   5  
Combined  1,830   28   6,900   3   1,400   21   2,800   1   3,020   46   9,500   4  
                                                 
Enrollment size                                                 
Less than 300  1,810   10   6,800 ! 2 0 1,470   8   2,300   1   6,830   36   19,900   5  
300–499  2,970   12   6,800   1 0 1,320   5   2,200   #   11,140   46   41,900   4  
500–999  7,460   25   27,100   1 0 4,380   15   10,800   1   15,720   52   82,500   4  
1,000 or more  7,000   75   66,600   5 0 5,170   56   22,400   2   7,250   78   67,700   5  
                                                 
Urbanicity                                                 
City  5,660   27   35,800   3 0 3,630   17   11,900   1   13,080   62   83,100   6  
Suburb  5,010   21   31,100   2 0 3,290   14   11,800   1   12,550   53   73,200   4  
Town  3,050   26   13,300   2 0 1,800   15   4,900   1   5,260   45   19,800   3  
Rural  5,530   21   27,100   2 0 3,620   14   9,300   1   10,040   39   36,000   3  
                                                 
Crime level where students live3                                                 
High  1,840   29   13,200   4 0 1,160   19   3,000   1   4,090   66   29,500   8  
Moderate  4,920   29   27,900   3 0 2,720   16   9,400   1   10,240   60   69,900   7  
Low  9,590   20   48,700   2 0 6,550   13   19,600   1   21,050   43   84,600   3  
Mixed  2,890   28   17,400   2 0 1,910   18   5,900   1   5,550   53   28,200   4  
                                                 
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students
                                               
Less than 5 percent  3,110   23   11,300   2 0 1,770   13   4,300   1   5,270   39   15,800   3  
5 to less than 20 percent  4,620   22   24,900   2 0 3,330   16   10,500   1   9,630   45   36,000   3  
20 to less than 50 percent  4,770   24   28,000   2 0 3,240   16   10,200   1   10,710   53   48,000   4  
50 percent or more  6,740   24   43,100   3 0 4,000   15   12,700   1   15,320   55   112,200   6  
                                                 
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                               
0–20 percent  4,540   26   24,100   2 0 3,390   19   12,200   1   8,760   50   36,500   3  
21–50 percent  7,220   24   43,600   3 0 4,760   16   14,900   1   13,830   46   62,200   4  
More than 50 percent  7,480   21   39,600   2 0 4,190   12   10,700   1   18,340   52   113,400   6  
                                                 
Percent of students below
   15th percentile on
   standardized tests
                                               
0–5 percent  5,160   18   27,900   2 0 3,930   14   11,000   1   12,160   42   50,100   3  
6–15 percent  7,730   23   42,700   2 0 4,600   14   14,900   1   16,110   49   83,600   4  
More than 15 percent  6,360   30   36,800   3 0 3,800   18   11,900   1   12,670   60   78,300   6  
                                                 
Percent of students likely
   to attend college
                                               
0–35 percent  4,930   24   27,700   3 0 2,650   13   8,000   1   10,850   52   64,500   6  
36–60 percent  5,870   26   31,500   3 0 3,480   16   9,400   1   11,360   51   56,900   5  
More than 60 percent  8,440   21   48,100   2 0 6,200   16   20,400   1   18,720   47   90,800   4  
                                                 
Percent of students who
   consider academic
   achievement important
                                               
0–25 percent  1,550   28   10,900   4 0 960   18   3,200   1   2,890   53   25,900   10  
26–50 percent  4,360   31   20,800   3 0 2,320   17   7,100   1   7,840   56   42,200   6  
51–75 percent  6,510   26   34,900   2 0 4,090   17   12,400   1   12,710   52   57,900   4  
More than 75 percent  6,830   18   40,700   2 0 4,970   13   15,100   1   17,490   45   86,100   4  
                                                 
Percent male enrollment                                                 
0–44 percent  1,790   23   7,900   2 0 1,200   15   3,200   1   3,540   45   16,000   4  
45–55 percent  15,640   24   89,000   2 0 10,240   16   32,200   1   32,580   50   167,700   4  
More than 55 percent  1,810   18   10,400 ! 2 0 890   9   2,400   1   4,820   48   28,300   6  
                                                 
Student-to-FTE ratio4                                                 
Less than 12 students  7,810   19   34,700   2 0 4,820   11   12,800   1   18,420   44   84,500   4  
12–16 students  7,610   27   44,800   2 0 4,830   17   13,900   1   14,660   51   77,300   4  
More than 16 students  3,830   31   27,800   3 0 2,680   22   11,100   1   7,850   64   50,200   5  
                                                 
Number of classroom
   changes5 
                                               
0–3 changes  1,230   6   4,500   1   750   3   1,800   #   8,590   39   38,600   4  
4–6 changes  8,910   25   54,200   2 0 5,450   15   18,300   1   18,580   52   97,700   4  
More than 6 changes  9,100   37   48,600   3 0 6,130   25   17,700   1   13,760   55   75,800   5  
                                                 
Regular use of law enforcement6                                                 
Regular use  15,440   40   98,600   3 0 10,300   27   33,800   1   23,140   60   147,300   5  
No regular use  3,800   9   8,700   1   2,030   5   4,000   #   17,790   40   64,700   3  
                                                 
Number of serious
   discipline problems7 
                                               
No problems  10,060   18   48,200   2 0 6,680   12   20,300   1   23,700   42   97,200   3  
1 problem  4,430   27   26,200   3 0 2,660   16   7,100   1   9,910   61   53,000   5  
2 problems  1,990   38   12,800   4 0 1,170   22   3,900   1   3,580   69   23,900   7  
3 or more problems  2,760   57   20,100   5 0 1,830   38   6,500   2   3,740   78   38,000   10  
                                                 
Transfers as a percentage
   of enrollment8 
                                               
Less than 6 percent  3,570   19   16,300   2 0 3,030   17   8,200   1   9,460   51   42,800   4  
6 to less than 11 percent  3,660   22   19,400   2 0 2,290   14   7,400   1   7,450   45   41,100   4  
11 to less than 21 percent  6,400   25   33,600   2 0 3,690   15   11,200   1   11,810   46   60,700   4  
21 percent or more  5,610   25   38,000   3 0 3,310   15   10,900   1   12,210   54   67,400   5  
                                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide
   disruptions9 
                                               
No disruptions  16,260   21   85,000   2 0 10,070   13   29,600   1   36,470   48   174,000   4  
Any disruptions  2,980   48   22,300   4 0 2,260   36   8,200   2   4,460   72   38,000   7  
                                                 
Percent of students
   absent on a daily basis 
                                               
0–2 percent  1,060   14   3,900   1 0 580   7   1,600   #   3,420   44   14,500   4  
3–5 percent  7,940   18   37,500   2 0 5,100   12   14,000   1   20,200   46   97,900   4  
6–10 percent  7,830   30   50,400   3 0 5,130   20   17,800   1   14,050   55   77,800   5  
More than 10 percent  2,410   48   15,500   5 0 1,530   30   4,400   1   3,260   64   21,800   7  
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
1 Vandalism was defined for respondents as "the willful damage or destruction of school property including bombing, arson, graffiti, and other acts that cause property damage. This includes damage caused by computer hacking."
2 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
7 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education