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Table 3.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting sexual and physical assaults that occurred at school, the number of sexual and physical assaults, and the rate of sexual and physical assaults per 1,000 students, by selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08—Continued (Return to Table 3)

Physical attack or fight with a weapon3,4 Physical attack or fight without a weapon3,4
School characteristic Num-
ber of schools
  Per-
cent of schools
  Num-
ber of incidents
  Rate per 1,000 students   Num-
of schools
  Per-
cent of schools
  Num-
ber of incidents
  Rate per 1,000 students
All public schools  2,470   3   14,050   #   60,330   73   812,150   17  
                                 
Level5                                 
Primary  930   2   7,630 ! #   30,540   62   379,610   17  
Middle  810   5   4,650 ! #   13,990   91   239,330   25  
High school  690   6   1,730   #   10,940   92   162,790   13  
Combined          4,860   73   30,420   11  
                                 
Enrollment size                                 
Less than 300          11,070   58   72,480   18  
300–499  280 ! 1 ! 500 ! #   16,110   66   138,700   14  
500–999  1,340   4   10,960 ! #   24,210   80   382,410   19  
1,000 or more  680   7   2,380   #   8,930   96   218,570   16  
                                 
Urbanicity                                 
City  1,070   5   8,330 ! 1 ! 17,230   81   299,480   22  
Suburb  820   3   3,760 ! #   16,500   69   240,770   14  
Town  280 ! 2 ! 960 ! #   9,130   78   88,080   15  
Rural  310 ! 1 !     17,470   67   183,820   16  
                                 
Crime level where
    students live6 
                               
High  360 ! 6 !     5,300   85   124,680   36  
Moderate  790   5   2,820   #   13,860   81   235,480   22  
Low  680   1   2,110 ! #   33,190   68   329,860   13  
Mixed  650   6       7,980   76   122,130   16  
                                 
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students 
                               
Less than 5 percent  60 ! #   100 ! #   8,780   64   62,610   12  
5 to less than                                 
20 percent  540   3   1,380 ! #   14,400   67   137,840   11  
20 to less than                                 
50 percent  480   2   1,660 ! #   15,350   76   221,030   17  
50 percent or more  1,390   5   10,910 ! 1 ! 21,800   79   390,670   22  
                                 
Percent of students
   eligible for free or
   reduced-price lunch
                               
0–20 percent  300   2   690 ! #   10,860   61   99,950   8  
21–50 percent  810   3   2,550 ! #   21,890   73   277,250   16  
More than 50 percent  1,360   4   10,810 ! 1 ! 27,580   78   434,960   24  
                                 
Percent of students                                 
below 15th percentile on                                 
standardized tests                                 
0–5 percent  520   2       18,760   65   192,550   12  
6–15 percent  960   3   6,170 ! #   24,580   75   331,610   17  
More than 15 percent  990   5       16,990   80   287,990   23  
                                 
Percent of students likely                                 
to attend college                                 
0–35 percent  520   3       16,540   79   257,130   24  
36–60 percent  750   3   5,930 ! #   17,820   80   245,500   19  
More than 60 percent  1,190   3   2,530   #   25,960   65   309,520   13  
                                 
Percent of students who                                 
consider academic                                 
achievement important                                 
0–25 percent  190 ! 3 !     4,460   81   76,160   28  
26–50 percent  560 ! 4 ! 1,710 ! #   11,920   85   179,140   24  
51–75 percent  680   3   6,160 ! #   19,080   77   257,040   18  
More than 75 percent  1,040   3   3,070   #   24,870   64   299,810   13  
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                 
0–44 percent  160 ! 2 !     5,020   63   56,550   15  
45–55 percent  2,060   3   11,010 ! #   48,430   74   677,040   17  
More than 55 percent  240 ! 2 ! 950 ! #   6,880   68   78,570   17  
                                 
Student-to-FTE ratio7                                 
Less than 12 students  1,280   3   7,200 ! #   28,910   69   328,750   17  
12–16 students  660   2   5,210 ! #   21,580   76   312,780   17  
More than 16 students  530   4   1,640 ! #   9,830   80   170,620   18  
                                 
Number of classroom                                 
changes8                                 
0–3 changes  210 ! 1 !     13,040   59   172,550   18  
4–6 changes  1,300   4   9,370 ! #   26,000   72   369,390   17  
More than 6 changes  960   4   2,590   #   21,290   86   270,220   17  
                                 
Regular use of law                                 
enforcement9                                 
Regular use  1,900   5   11,160 ! #   31,270   81   500,970   17  
No regular use  570 ! 1 !     29,060   65   311,190   16  
                                 
Number of serious                                 
discipline problems10                                 
No problems  1,030   2   4,330 ! #   36,710   60   390,090   13  
1 problem  720   4   3,600 !   14,370   90   215,530   21  
2 problems  340 ! 7 !     4,710   90   86,000   24  
3 or more problems  390   8       4,540   90   120,530   31  
                                 
Transfers as a percentage                                 
of enrollment11                                 
Less than 6 percent  360   2   700 ! #   12,270   70   94,460   9  
6 to less than                                 
11 percent  390   2   1,230 ! #   11,620   70   117,380   12  
11 to less than                                 
21 percent  960   4   5,820 ! #   18,700   70   263,900   18  
21 percent or more  760   3       17,730   80   336,420   26  
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide                                 
disruptions12                                 
No disruptions  1,980   3   7,690   #   54,600   70   715,840   17  
Any disruptions  490   8       5,730   90   96,310   18  
                                 
Percent of students                                 
absent on a daily basis                                 
0–2 percent          5,110   70   49,990   13  
3–5 percent  990   2   4,770 ! #   30,070   70   370,500   15  
6–10 percent  1,030   4   4,660 ! #   20,980   80   319,640   20  
More than 10 percent  310   6   1,140 ! #   4,170   80   72,030   23  
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Rape was defined for respondents as "forced sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal, or oral penetration). Includes penetration from a foreign object."
2 Sexual battery was defined for respondents as an "incident that includes threatened rape, fondling, indecent liberties, child molestation, or sodomy. Classification of these incidents should take into consideration the age and developmentally appropriate behavior of the offender(s)."
3 Physical attack or fight was defined for respondents as an "actual and intentional touching or striking of another person against his or her will, or the intentional causing of bodily harm to an individual."
4 Weapon was defined for respondents as "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. This includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others."
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
6 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
7 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
10 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007–08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education