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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting incidents of crime that occurred at school, the number of incidents, and the rate of incidents per 1,000 students, by incident type and selected school characteristics: School year 2007–08—Continued (Return to Table 1)


Theft3 Other incidents4
School characteristic Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students     Number of schools   Percent of schools   Number of incidents   Rate per 1,000 students  
All public schools  39,300   47   268,900   6     55,900   67   439,500   9  
                                   
Level5                                   
Primary  15,000   31   48,300   2     27,100   55   112,200   5  
Middle  10,600   69   80,500   8     12,900   84   119,700   12  
High school  10,000   84   122,600   10     11,100   93   183,700   15  
Combined  3,600   55   17,500   7     4,800   73   23,800   9  
                                   
Enrollment size                                   
Less than 300  6,400   33   21,400   5     9,100   48   36,200   9  
300–499  8,700   36   31,800   3     15,100   62   64,600   6  
500–999  16,300   54   101,700   5     22,800   75   155,000   8  
1,000 or more  7,900   85   114,000   8     8,900   95   183,600   13  
                                   
Urbanicity                                   
City  11,600   54   85,100   6     16,500   77   160,000   12  
Suburb  9,600   40   84,100   5     15,900   67   138,100   8  
Town  5,800   49   32,100   5     7,800   66   49,300   8  
Rural  12,300   47   67,700   6     15,700   60   92,100   8  
                                   
Crime level where
    students live6
                                 
High  4,100   66   29,500   8     5,100   82   55,100   16  
Moderate  8,700   51   67,300   6     13,400   78   131,900   13  
Low  21,100   43   128,200   5     30,000   61   188,400   7  
Mixed  5,300   51   44,000   6     7,400   70   64,000   9  
                                   
Percent of combined Black/African
    American, Hispanic/Latino, Asian,
    Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific
    Islander, and American Indian/
    Alaska Native students 
                                 
Less than 5 percent  6,300   46   31,700   6     8,300   61   39,600   7  
5 to less than                                   
20 percent  9,200   43   66,400   6     13,300   62   87,400   7  
20 to less than                                   
50 percent  9,300   46   67,600   5     14,200   70   108,600   8  
50 percent or more  14,500   52   103,300   6     20,100   73   203,900   12  
                                   
Percent of students
   eligible for free or
   reduced-price lunch
                                 
0–20 percent  8,100   46   67,000   6     11,500   65   84,400   7  
21–50 percent  13,700   46   98,700   6     19,500   65   150,800   9  
More than 50 percent  17,500   49   103,200   6     24,900   70   204,300   11  
                                   
Percent of students
    below 15th per-
    centile on stan-
    dardized tests
                                 
0–5 percent  12,300   43   79,300   5     17,200   60   108,700   7  
6–15 percent  15,500   47   107,200   5     22,700   69   175,100   9  
More than 15 percent  11,400   54   82,400   6     16,000   76   155,700   12  
                                   
Percent of students
    likely to attend
    college
                                 
0–35 percent  10,400   50   67,300   6     14,600   70   125,900   12  
36–60 percent  11,000   49   75,700   6     16,100   72   124,000   10  
More than 60 percent  17,900   45   125,900   5     25,200   63   189,700   8  
                                   
Percent of students
    who consider
    academic achieve-
    ment important
                                 
0–25 percent  2,600   48   26,000   9     3,900   70   48,900   18  
26–50 percent  8,200   58   56,100   8     10,700   77   88,600   12  
51–75 percent  12,800   52   83,800   6     17,900   72   133,400   9  
More than 75 percent  15,700   40   103,100   4     23,400   60   168,600   7  
                                   
Percent male enrollment                                   
0–44 percent  3,300   42   19,500   5     4,900   62   32,800   9  
45–55 percent  32,400   50   224,400   6     44,900   69   357,200   9  
More than 55 percent  3,500   35   25,100   5     6,100   60   49,500   11  
                                   
Student-to-FTE ratio7                                   
Less than 12 students  17,500   42   105,700   5     25,900   61   166,300   9  
12–16 students  14,600   51   103,500   5     20,500   72   166,800   9  
More than 16 students  7,100   58   59,700   6     9,500   77   106,300   11  
                                   
Number of classroom
    changes8 
                                 
0–3 changes  6,900   31   33,300   3     11,900   54   57,600   6  
4–6 changes  17,200   48   123,200   6     24,800   69   211,000   10  
More than 6 changes  15,200   61   112,500   7     19,200   77   170,900   11  
                                   
Regular use of law
    enforcement9 
                                 
Regular use  23,400   61   210,600   7     30,600   80   336,600   12  
No regular use  15,900   36   58,300   3     25,300   57   102,900   5  
                                   
Number of serious
    discipline problems10 
                                 
No problems  22,800   40   128,200   4     33,900   60   204,800   7  
1 problem  9,900   61   67,700   7     13,300   82   108,200   11  
2 problems  3,200   62   30,000   8     4,300   83   49,600   14  
3 or more problems  3,300   69   43,000   11     4,400   91   76,800   20  
                                   
Transfers as a percentage
    of enrollment11 
                                 
Less than 6 percent  8,900   48   56,100   5     12,700   69   80,300   8  
6 to less than                                   
11 percent  7,300   44   48,900   5     10,700   64   82,000   9  
11 to less than                                   
21 percent  11,900   47   81,700   6     16,500   65   131,700   9  
21 percent or more  11,200   49   82,200   6     16,100   71   145,500   11  
                                   
Prevalence of schoolwide
    disruptions12 
                                 
No disruptions  34,800   45   220,800   5     50,100   65   358,300   8  
Any disruptions  4,500   72   48,100   9     5,800   94   81,200   16  
                                   
Percent of students
    absent on a
    daily basis
                                 
0–2 percent  3,100   40   12,800   3     4,600   59   25,500   7  
3–5 percent  19,800   45   118,300   5     27,500   62   184,500   7  
6–10 percent  13,500   52   114,300   7     19,600   76   178,500   11  
More than 10 percent  2,900   57   23,500   7     4,200   82   51,100   16  
!Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft or larceny (taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. This includes pocket picking, stealing a purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or of motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of a bicycle, theft from a vending machine, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device; possession of a knife or sharp object; distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol; and vandalism.
5 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
6 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
7 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
8 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
9 Respondents were asked, "During the 2007–08 school year, did you have any security guards, security personnel, or sworn law enforcement officers present at your school at least once a week?"
10 Serious discipline problems include student racial/ethnic tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers other than verbal abuse, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
11 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
12 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2007-08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2008.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education