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Table 21.  Percentage distribution of public schools reporting selected percentages of students with a parent or guardian who attended special subject-area events or volunteered at school or served on a committee, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06
  Percent of students with a parent or guardian who attended special subject-area events1     Percent of students with a parent or guardian who volunteered at school or served on a committee  
School characteristic  0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer     0–25 percent   26–50 percent   51–75 percent   76–100 percent   School does not offer  
All public schools  10   20   33   35   3     48   30   14   6   1  
                                           
Level2                                           
Primary  5   16   33   44   2     35   36   19   8   1 !
Middle  14   24   36   23   2     65   23   9   2   1 !
High school  21   30   30   15   4     68   21   5   2 ! 3  
Combined  18   17   30   28   6 !   58   20   8 ! 10 !  
                                           
Enrollment size                                           
Less than 300  9   14   30   42   5     47   28   13   8   3 !
300–499  8   17   33   40   2 !   45   31   17   6   1 !
500–999  9   23   35   31   2     45   32   16   6   1 !
1,000 or more  21   28   32   17   2 !   63   28   6   2 ! 1 !
                                           
Urbanicity                                           
City  11   23   34   30   2 !   48   31   14   7    
Urban fringe  9   20   32   37   2     43   32   19   6   1 !
Town  11   13   36   37   3 !   53   31   8   6 ! 1 !
Rural  10   18   32   36   4     51   28   12   6   3 !
                                           
Crime level where
    students live3
                                         
High  17   29   37   15       65   24   7 !    
Moderate  13   25   30   26   5     61   23   10   4 !  
Low  8   16   34   40   2     41   33   17   8   2  
Mixed  13   21   27   36   3 !   46   32   16   5 !  
                                           
Percent minority
    enrollment4
                                         
Less than 5 percent  9   12   32   45       44   31   15   8 ! 2 !
5 to 20 percent  7   18   30   43   3 !   41   32   18   8   1 !
20 to 50 percent  9   19   38   32   2 !   44   30   18   6    
50 percent or more  14   26   31   25   4     57   29   9   4   1 !
                                           
Percent of students
    eligible for free
    or reduced-price
    lunch
                                         
0–20 percent  5   13   30   51   1 !   29   33   25   11   1 !
21–50 percent  10   18   36   35   2 !   47   32   15   5   1 !
More than 50 percent  13   25   32   26   4     57   28   8   5   2 !
                                           
Percent of students
    below 15th per-
    centile on stan-
    dardized tests
                                         
0–5 percent  7   15   32   43   3     38   31   21   9   2 !
6–15 percent  9   20   33   36   2 !   48   32   13   6   1 !
More than 15 percent  16   26   33   22   3     61   27   8   3 ! 1 !
                                           
Percent of students
    likely to attend
    college
                                         
0–35 percent  14   24   35   22   4     64   27   4   3 ! 2 !
36–60 percent  13   23   33   28   3 !   53   31   12   3 ! 1 !
More than 60 percent  6   14   31   47   2     33   32   23   10   2 !
                                           
Percent of students
    who consider
    academic achieve-
    ment important
                                         
0–25 percent  22   26   25   19   7 !   75   13   4 !    
26–50 percent  14   25   32   26   3 !   61   27   7   2 ! 3 !
51–75 percent  11   21   37   28   4     54   33   8   4 ! 1 !
More than 75 percent  6   16   32   46   1 !   34   33   23   10   #  
                                           
Percent male enrollment                                           
0–44 percent  12   16   29   39   5 !   37   40   14   7 !  
45–55 percent  10   20   34   34   2     49   30   15   6   1 !
More than 55 percent  11   21   25   38   6 !   47   27   14   9   4 !
                                           
Student-to-FTE ratio5                                          
Less than 12 students  9   19   32   37   3     47   28   15   7   2  
12–16 students  10   19   35   34   2 !   48   33   13   5   1 !
More than 16 students  13   21   32   31   3 !   47   32   13   7   1 !
                                           
Number of class-
    room changes6
                                         
0–3 changes  6   16   31   44   4 !   37   36   16   9   1 !
4–6 changes  11   21   31   34   3     48   29   16   6   1 !
More than 6 changes  12   21   37   28   2 !   56   27   11   4   2 !
                                           
Regular use of law
    enforcement7
                                         
Regular use  15   25   33   24   3     57   29   9   4   1 !
No regular use  7   16   32   42   3     41   31   19   8   2  
                                           
Number of serious
    discipline pro-
    blems8
                                         
No problems  8   17   32   41   3     41   32   17   7   1 !
1 problem  12   27   32   26   3 !   56   27   11   6    
2 problems  14   23   41   19       60   27   7     4 !
3 or more problems  23   27   30   19   2 !   69   23   4 !    
                                           
Transfers as a per-
    centage of enroll-
    ment9
                                         
0 to 6 percent  9   16   31   41   3 !   41   26   19   11   3 !
6 to 11 percent  8   17   34   41   1 !   40   32   18   9   1 !
11 to 21 percent  10   19   32   35   3     49   33   13   5    
21 percent or more  12   25   34   27   3 !   55   30   11   3   2 !
                                           
Prevalence of school-
    wide disruptions10
                                         
No disruptions  9   19   33   36   3     47   30   15   7   2  
Any disruptions  18   24   32   23   3 !   61   29   9      
                                           
Percent of students
    absent on a
    daily basis
                                         
0–2 percent  8   10   31   46       39   31   18   12    
3–5 percent  6   17   35   39   2     42   34   17   6   1 !
6–10 percent  14   27   29   26   3     59   27   9   4 ! 1 !
More than 10 percent  20   19   31   25   6 !   54   22   14   6 !  
                                           
Prevalence of violent incidents11                                           
No violent incidents  6   11   23   56   4 !   27   33   26   12   3 !
Any violent incidents  11   22   36   29   2     53   30   11   5   1  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Examples of special subject-area events provided to respondents were science fairs or concerts.
2 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
4 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
5 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
6 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
7 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
8 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
11 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education