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Table 17.  Number and percentage distribution of students in public schools involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2005–06

  Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs or alcohol at school 
  Removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days but less than the remainder of the school year   Other disciplinary action2
School characteristic  Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent     Number   Percent  
All public schools  12,440   7     42,660   23     83,670   45     45,420   25  
                                       
Level3                                       
Primary        380 !       70 !   770 !  
Middle  2,270   6     10,490   27     17,180   45     8,540   22  
High school  8,260   7     29,170   24     54,330   44     30,360   25  
Combined  1,850   9     2,620 ! 13 !   9,360   48     5,750   29  
                                       
Enrollment size                                       
Less than 300  550 ! 4 !   1,970   14     6,420   44     5,590   38  
300–499  1,280   10     2,050   16     5,850   46     3,520 ! 28  
500–999  2,930   6     10,450   22     23,530   50     10,410   22  
1,000 or more  7,680   7     28,190   26     47,870   44     25,900   24  
                                       
Urbanicity                                       
City  3,260   6     14,230   24     25,820   44     15,620   27  
Urban fringe  5,110   8     14,530   22     31,590   48     15,210   23  
Town  1,230   8     3,690   23     7,650   47     3,640   22  
Rural  2,830   7     10,210   24     18,610   44     10,950   26  
                                       
Crime level where students live4                                       
High  1,590   12     3,390   25     4,450   32     4,370   32  
Moderate  2,340   6     10,570   26     18,670   46     9,190   23  
Low  6,540   7     19,880   21     45,640   47     24,700   26  
Mixed  1,970   6     8,820   27     14,910   45     7,170   22  
                                       
Percent minority enrollment5                                       
Less than 5 percent  1,610   7     2,120   9     11,470   50     7,920   34  
5 to 20 percent  3,250   7     7,470   15     25,720   53     12,350   25  
20 to 50 percent  3,070   6     13,700   29     21,090   44     9,860   21  
50 percent or more  4,050   7     16,190   28     23,540   40     14,810   25  
                                       
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                                     
0–20 percent  2,830   6     7,470   16     24,200   51     12,820   27  
21–50 percent  5,960   8     17,480   22     36,400   46     18,540   24  
More than 50 percent  3,650   6     17,700   30     23,070   39     14,060   24  
                                       
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                                     
0–5 percent  3,270   7     10,780   23     19,970   43     12,740   27  
6–15 percent  4,900   6     17,400   22     37,420   46     20,820   26  
More than 15 percent  4,270   8     14,480   25     26,280   46     11,870   21  
                                       
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                                     
0–35 percent  3,000   7     12,370   29     19,410   46     7,500   18  
36–60 percent  4,210   8     15,120   27     24,010   43     12,070   22  
More than 60 percent  5,230   6     15,180   18     40,250   47     25,850   30  
                                       
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                                     
0–25 percent  1,070 ! 6 !   4,260   25     8,730   51     2,950   17  
26–50 percent  2,210   7     10,430   32     12,960   40     6,750   21  
51–75 percent  4,860   8     13,620   21     30,550   47     15,530   24  
More than 75 percent  4,300   6     14,350   20     31,440   45     20,190   29  
                                       
Percent male enrollment                                       
0–44 percent  1,110 ! 8 !   3,460   26     5,100 ! 39     3,480   26 !
45–55 percent  10,200   6     36,480   23     73,730   46     38,930   24  
More than 55 percent  1,130 ! 10 !   2,710   23     4,840   41     3,010   26  
                                       
Student-to-teacher ratio6                                       
Less than 12 students  2,790   5     11,990   22     23,620   43     17,100   31  
12–16 students  5,480   7     19,790   26     34,910   46     14,920   20  
More than 16 students  4,170   8     10,880   20     25,140   47     13,400   25  
                                       
Number of classroom changes7                                       
0–3 changes  1,060   10 !   1,470   13     6,110 ! 56     2,300   21 !
4–6 changes  6,430   7     19,010   22     41,670   48     20,040   23  
More than 6 changes  4,950   6     22,190   26     35,890   42     23,090   27  
                                       
Regular use of law enforcement8                                       
Regular use  10,820   7     39,610   25     70,080   45     36,500   23  
No regular use  1,610   6     3,050   11     13,590   50     8,920   33  
                                       
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                                     
No problems  5,760   7     19,250   22     37,760   43     24,570   28  
1 problem  2,210   7     8,490   28     13,780   45     5,900   19  
2 problems  1,840   6     6,430   21     16,110   53     5,920   20  
3 or more problems  2,630   7     8,490   23     16,020   44     9,040   25  
                                       
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                                     
0 to 6 percent  1,740   6     2,830   9     17,390   57     8,720   28  
6 to 11 percent  2,130   7     5,810   18     14,790   47     8,980   28  
11 to 21 percent  4,580   9     11,510   22     25,650   49     10,270   20  
21 percent or more  3,990   6     22,510   32     25,850   37     17,450   25  
                                       
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                                     
No disruptions  10,240   7     33,570   22     68,660   46     37,060   25  
Any disruptions  2,200   6     9,090   26     15,010   43     8,360   24  
                                       
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                                     
0–2 percent  550 ! 7 !   1,740 ! 23 !   3,410 ! 45     1,940   25  
3–5 percent  4,980   7     19,090   26     31,070   42     18,670   25  
6–10 percent  5,420   7     18,200   23     37,200   47     18,830   24  
More than 10 percent  1,480   6     3,640   16     11,980   52     5,980   26  
                                       
Prevalence of violent incidents12                                       
No violent incidents  180 !     410 ! 20 !   670 ! 34     720 ! 36  
Any violent incidents  12,260   7     42,250   23     83,000   46     44,700   25  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is from 30 percent to 50 percent of the estimate’s value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons, although the school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 Responding schools that did not have race/ethnicity on the sampling frame (2 percent of schools) are excluded from the base.
6 Student-to-FTE ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2005–2006 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school at least once a week?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape or attempted rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: "At school" was defined for respondents to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. The number of incidents, students, or disciplinary actions reported for a specified offense will not always be equal. This may be because a single incident could involve multiple victims or because no disciplinary action is taken for an incident. Data regarding illegal drugs and alcohol are categorized slightly differently in 2006 than they were in previous collections in the SSOCS series; therefore, direct comparisons between the years should not be made. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), 2005–06 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2006.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education