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Table 28.  Percentage of public schools that had specified practices to monitor school climate, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic Require students
to wear uniforms
Enforce a
strict dress code
Require faculty
and staff
to wear badges
or picture IDs
Provide telephones
in most classrooms
Provide
two-way radios to
any staff
Prohibit
all tobacco
use on school grounds
All public schools  14 55 48 61 71 89
             
Level1             
Primary  16 47 52 61 73 88
Middle  14 71 50 63 73 93
High school  4 64 41 65 69 93
Combined  12 67 27 48 54 78
             
Enrollment size             
Less than 300  9 52 29 56 59 83
300–499  13 47 50 55 67 90
500–999  18 61 55 65 80 91
1,000 or more  13 66 59 72 80 92
             
Urbanicity             
City  29 58 55 60 71 90
Urban fringe  12 52 58 67 77 91
Town  8 55 37 53 70 92
Rural  5 56 35 57 66 84
             
Crime level where students live2             
High  37 59 58 65 74 86
Moderate  28 62 53 57 76 89
Low  6 52 45 62 69 88
Mixed  14 57 51 59 74 95
             
Percent minority enrollment3             
Less than 5 percent  1 47 36 62 63 87
5 to 20 percent  4 49 50 66 73 90
20 to 50 percent  10 57 54 57 75 89
50 percent or more  35 63 49 59 72 89
             
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
           
0–20 percent  1 45 54 73 73 91
21–50 percent  5 53 46 60 72 92
More than 50 percent  29 63 46 54 69 85
             
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
           
0–5 percent  7 52 50 62 72 91
6–15 percent  12 53 46 61 70 88
More than 15 percent  24 62 50 59 72 87
             
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
           
0–35 percent  22 57 46 56 70 86
36–60 percent  13 58 52 60 73 89
More than 60 percent  7 51 47 65 71 90
             
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
           
0–25 percent  25 61 40 59 68 80
26–50 percent  17 53 47 56 70 86
51–75 percent  15 61 48 58 72 91
More than 75 percent  8 50 51 66 72 91
             
Percent male enrollment             
0–44 percent  15 53 43 64 68 88
45–55 percent  13 55 49 61 72 89
More than 55 percent  17 59 42 58 69 88
             
Student-to-teacher ratio4             
Less than 12 students  11 52 43 57 67 87
12–16 students  16 58 54 61 73 91
More than 16 students  16 57 49 69 79 89
             
Number of classroom changes5             
0–3 changes  19 50 54 65 69 91
4–6 changes  14 52 46 59 73 86
More than 6 changes  9 65 45 59 70 91
             
Regular use of law enforcement6             
Regular use  15 63 51 63 76 91
No regular use  13 49 45 59 67 87
             
Number of serious
discipline problems7 
           
No problems  12 54 48 60 71 88
1 problem  15 55 48 65 72 90
2 problems  18 61 51 55 74 91
3 or more problems  22 60 44 68 65 91
             
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment8 
           
0 to 6 percent  10 47 38 65 66 87
6 to 11 percent  16 56 46 59 72 88
11 to 21 percent  12 55 53 62 74 89
21 percent or more  18 61 51 58 72 90
             
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions9 
           
No disruptions  14 54 48 61 71 89
Any disruptions  17 66 53 58 75 87
             
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
           
0–2 percent  9 46 41 67 67 88
3–5 percent  11 54 49 60 72 89
6–10 percent  19 59 49 60 72 89
More than 10 percent  22 60 47 60 68 87
             
Prevalence of violent incidents10             
No violent incidents  7 39 50 62 63 85
Any violent incidents  15 59 47 61 73 90
1 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12.Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
2 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
3 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
4 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
5 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
6 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
7 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
8 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
9 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
10 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Reponses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education