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Table 18.  Number of students involved in physical attacks or fights at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic     Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in
physical attacks or fights at school
Total students
involved in
recorded offenses
  Removals without
continuing services
  Transfers to
specialized schools1
  Out-of-school
suspensions
lasting 5 or more days
  Other disciplinary action2
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools 1,108,584   9,915 1   42,473 4   221,097 22   723,524 73
                           
Level3                           
Primary  431,516   1,931 1   4,055 1   38,133 10   334,541 88
Middle  405,241   2,739 1   17,896 5   86,046 23   266,611 71
High school  213,256   3,113 2   17,717 9   85,298 43   93,506 47
Combined  58,570   2,133 5   2,805 6   11,620 26   28,867 64
                           
Enrollment size                           
Less than 300  112,430   1,303 1   1,903 2   13,693 14   79,778 83
300–499  241,029   3,351 2   4,746 2   31,700 15   174,680 81
500–999  462,713   3,412 1   18,447 4   77,481 18   330,490 77
1,000 or more  292,412   1,850 1   17,377 7   98,223 38   138,576 54
                           
Urbanicity                           
City  370,008   4,644 1   21,180 6   84,515 25   223,104 67
Urban fringe  400,439   2,086 1   10,656 3   76,949 22   261,510 74
Town  115,882   414 #   3,580 3   25,449 24   77,205 72
Rural  222,255   2,772 1   7,056 3   34,184 17   161,704 79
                           
Crime level where students live4                           
High  180,155   3,521 2   8,496 5   41,586 25   111,060 67
Moderate  322,693   1,975 1   15,895 5   71,560 25   201,599 69
Low  428,597   3,438 1   12,481 3   66,609 17   300,421 78
Mixed  177,138   981 1   5,599 4   41,342 26   110,444 70
                           
Percent minority enrollment5                           
Less than 5 percent  124,941   1,957 2   2,201 2   18,047 16   94,048 81
5 to 20 percent  192,129   919 1   4,936 3   32,044 19   134,580 78
20 to 50 percent  255,944   1,522 1   9,003 4   50,467 23   156,857 72
50 percent or more  517,927   5,480 1   25,017 5   116,855 25   326,190 69
                           
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                         
0–20 percent  145,599   533 #   4,671 4   28,681 22   99,397 75
21–50 percent  367,001   2,818 1   14,488 5   73,557 23   229,298 72
More than 50 percent  595,984   6,565 1   23,313 4   118,860 22   394,829 73
                           
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                         
0–5 percent  188,737   1,368 1   4,950 3   28,605 17   136,695 80
6–15 percent  437,916   2,613 1   15,413 4   81,563 21   285,078 74
More than 15 percent  481,930   5,935 1   22,110 5   110,929 25   301,751 68
                           
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                         
0–35 percent  464,435   6,969 2   18,870 5   95,461 23   291,892 71
36–60 percent  328,904   1,580 1   11,695 4   61,058 20   224,297 75
More than 60 percent  315,245   1,366 #   11,907 4   64,579 23   207,336 73
                           
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                         
0–25 percent  165,129   2,218 2   9,610 7   37,391 26   97,197 66
26–50 percent  308,486   4,238 2   11,259 4   61,336 22   198,660 72
51–75 percent  361,499   1,917 1   11,606 3   77,435 23   242,137 73
More than 75 percent  273,470   1,543 1   9,998 4   44,935 19   185,530 77
                           
Percent male enrollment                           
0–44 percent  79,023   1,467 2   6,460 9   14,244 20   47,729 68
45–55 percent  926,237   8,102 1   33,309 4   181,697 22   611,992 73
More than 55 percent  103,324   347 #   2,703 3   25,156 27   63,803 69
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio6                           
Less than 12 students  403,517   4,822 1   16,195 5   62,707 17   276,131 77
12–16 students  444,733   3,017 1   16,333 4   103,877 26   277,088 69
More than 16 students  260,334   2,076 1   9,945 4   54,513 23   170,305 72
                           
Number of classroom changes7                           
0–3 changes  193,425   686 #   2,165 1   15,526 9   152,046 89
4–6 changes  514,197   6,895 1   20,973 5   109,815 24   324,137 70
More than 6 changes  400,961   2,334 1   19,334 5   95,756 26   247,342 68
                           
Regular use of law enforcement8                           
Regular use  715,118   6,529 1   34,383 5   168,787 26   444,915 68
No regular use  393,465   3,386 1   8,090 2   52,310 15   278,609 81
                           
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                         
No problems  395,502   2,828 1   15,745 4   71,048 20   267,698 75
1 problem  242,544   1,366 1   6,619 3   47,324 22   162,709 75
2 problems  214,997   3,538 2   6,018 3   39,125 20   146,716 75
3 or more problems  255,541   2,184 1   14,091 6   63,601 28   146,401 65
                           
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                         
0 to 6 percent  117,350   1,157 1   3,532 3   23,203 22   79,244 74
6 to 11 percent  163,657   1,908 1   5,346 4   33,956 23   107,085 72
11 to 21 percent  329,681   2,055 1   10,420 3   67,993 22   225,924 74
21 percent or more  497,895   4,795 1   23,174 5   95,946 22   311,271 72
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                         
No disruptions  971,361   8,797 1   35,399 4   175,977 20   649,190 75
Any disruptions  137,222   1,118 1   7,074 6   45,121 35   74,334 58
                           
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                         
0–2 percent  53,253   60 #   1,450 3   7,052 15   37,137 81
3–5 percent  457,512   4,989 1   15,687 4   61,639 15   325,126 80
6–10 percent  504,914   4,088 1   20,661 4   130,299 28   309,072 67
More than 10 percent  92,905   778 1   4,675 6   22,106 28   52,189 65
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
6 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Reponses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education