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Table 15.  Number of students in involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school, and the number and percentage of students receiving various disciplinary actions, by selected school characteristics: School year 2003–04


School characteristic      Disciplinary actions taken for students involved in the use or possession of a firearm or explosive device at school 
Total students
involved in
recorded offenses
  Removals without
continuing services
  Transfers to
specialized schools1 
  Out-of-school
suspensions
lasting 5 or more days
  Other disciplinary action2 
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools  24,821   1,138 5   2,148 9   6,564 27   14,861 60
                           
Level3                           
Primary  3,066   164 5   443 14   792 26   1,668 54
Middle  2,259   294 13   514 23   834 38   563 26
High school  18,967   504 3   921 5   4,879 26   12,608 67
Combined  529   177 33   270 51   59 11   23 4
                           
Enrollment size                           
Less than 300  17,249   127 1   254 1   4,259 25   12,609 73
300–499  657   72 11   90 14   255 40   224 35
500–999  4,012   583 15   801 20   1,098 28   1,484 37
1,000 or more  2,902   357 12   1,003 35   952 33   545 19
                           
Urbanicity                           
City  2,955   292 10   965 33   1,051 36   612 21
Urban fringe  16,746   496 3   583 3   4,965 30   10,673 64
Town  2,980   229 8   127 4   87 3   2,522 85
Rural  2,139   122 6   473 22   462 22   1,055 50
                           
Crime level where students live4                           
High  1,359   60 4   356 26   602 45   331 25
Moderate  4,499   442 10   585 13   459 10   3,013 67
Low  17,610   396 2   888 5   5,082 29   11,155 64
Mixed  1,353   241 18   320 24   421 31   364 27
                           
Percent minority enrollment5                           
Less than 5 percent  1,037   27 3   118 11   186 18   706 68
5 to 20 percent  18,189   419 2   558 3   4,524 25   12,633 70
20 to 50 percent  1,698   195 12   221 13   571 34   686 41
50 percent or more  3,799   459 12   1,240 33   1,256 33   816 22
                           
Percent of students
eligible for free or
reduced-price lunch 
                         
0–20 percent  15,162   103 1   356 2   4,551 30   10,078 67
21–50 percent  3,291   576 17   778 24   689 21   1,248 38
More than 50 percent  6,367   459 7   1,014 16   1,324 21   3,535 56
                           
Percent of students below 15th
percentile on standardized tests 
                         
0–5 percent  880   195 22   212 24   238 27   236 27
6–15 percent  18,050   266 1   913 5   5,212 29   11,605 64
More than 15 percent  5,890   678 12   1,023 18   1,115 19   3,021 52
                           
Percent of students likely
to attend college 
                         
0–35 percent  6,374   590 9   750 12   1,166 18   3,823 60
36–60 percent  2,203   280 13   569 27   589 28   702 33
More than 60 percent  16,244   268 2   829 5   4,810 30   10,336 64
                           
Percent of students who consider
academic achievement important 
                         
0–25 percent  1,345   436 33   449 34   383 29   42 3
26–50 percent  1,816   222 12   463 26   614 34   509 28
51–75 percent  2,131   309 14   496 23   592 28   734 34
More than 75 percent  19,528   171 1   740 4   4,976 26   13,575 70
                           
Percent male enrollment                           
0–44 percent  978   290 30   259 27   274 29   136 14
45–55 percent  9,328   821 9   1,787 19   1,887 20   4,743 51
More than 55 percent  14,515   28 #   102 1   4,404 30   9,982 69
                           
Student-to-teacher ratio6                           
Less than 12 students  4,089   294 7   399 10   575 14   2,811 69
12–16 students  17,977   480 3   924 5   5,190 29   11,336 63
More than 16 students  2,754   364 13   825 31   800 30   714 26
                           
Number of classroom changes7                           
0–3 changes  927   56 6   92 10   284 31   479 53
4–6 changes  6,705   508 8   1,024 15   1,147 17   3,989 60
More than 6 changes  17,189   574 3   1,032 6   5,133 30   10,394 61
                           
Regular use of law enforcement8                           
Regular use  22,883   670 3   1,448 6   6,154 27   14,562 64
No regular use  1,937   468 25   700 37   410 22   299 16
                           
Number of serious
discipline problems9 
                         
No problems  5,973   331 6   751 13   920 16   3,892 66
1 problem  1,870   374 20   502 27   441 24   522 28
2 problems  1,293   202 16   461 36   441 34   189 15
3 or more problems  15,684   230 1   433 3   4,762 30   10,258 65
                           
Transfers as a percentage
of enrollment10 
                         
0 to 6 percent  1,151   210 19   328 29   327 29   248 22
6 to 11 percent  1,410   186 13   450 33   296 21   450 33
11 to 21 percent  19,900   439 2   788 4   5,131 26   13,524 68
21 percent or more  2,360   303 13   582 25   811 35   639 27
                           
Prevalence of schoolwide
disruptions11 
                         
No disruptions  23,848   1,022 4   1,947 8   5,965 25   14,805 62
Any disruptions  972   116 12   201 21   599 62   56 6
                           
Percent of students
absent on a daily basis 
                         
0–2 percent  2,907   6 #   133 5   156 5   2,613 90
3–5 percent  4,035   343 9   803 20   810 20   2,000 51
6–10 percent  17,367   665 4   947 5   5,530 32   10,195 59
More than 10 percent  511   124 24   265 52   69 13   53 10
                           
Prevalence of violent incidents12                           
No violent incidents  41   14 35   11 26   16 40   # #
Any violent incidents  24,779   1,124 5   2,138 9   6,548 27   14,861 60
# Rounds to zero.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Other disciplinary actions include suspension less than 5 days, detention, etc.
3 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
4 Respondents were asked, "How would you describe the crime level in the area(s) in which your students live?" Response options included "high level of crime," "moderate level of crime," "low level of crime," and "students come from areas with very different levels of crime."
5 These estimates exclude data from Tennessee because schools in this state did not report estimates of student race.
6 Student-to-teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides. The total number of full-time-equivalent teachers and aides is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers and aides, including special education teachers and aides, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Respondents were asked, "How many classroom changes do most students make in a typical day?" Responses exclude morning arrival and afternoon departure.
8 Respondents were asked, "During the 2003–2004 school year, did you have any sworn law enforcement officers, security guards, or security personnel present at your school on a regular basis?"
9 Serious discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student sexual harassment of other students, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, student acts of disrespect for teachers, gang activities, and cult or extremist group activities. If a respondent reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems.
10 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
11 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as death threats, bomb threats, and chemical, biological, or radiological threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
12 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: The numbers of students involved in offenses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about discipline issues at the school. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Reponses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education