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Table 29.  Percentage of public schools that had specified safety policies to regulate school climate, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Require students to wear uniforms Enforce a strict dress code Provide a printed code of student conduct to students Provide a printed code of student conduct to parents Require faculty and staff to wear badges or
picture IDs
Provide telephones in most classrooms Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds
All public schools 12 47 93 92 25 45 90
               
Level              
Elementary 15 41 90 92 27 45 89
Middle 10 61 97 96 26 46 93
Secondary 4 54 98 92 26 47 93
Combined 6 52 97 89 8 32 88
               
Enrollment size              
Less than 300 5 41 90 89 14 37 85
300–499 11 43 93 92 20 41 90
500–999 16 52 94 94 34 49 92
1,000 or more 15 58 99 95 38 56 94
               
Urbanicity              
City 27 56 95 94 34 49 90
Urban fringe 11 45 93 94 32 50 93
Town 8 47 89 84 17 37 88
Rural 2 43 94 92 16 39 88
               
Crime level where students live1              
High 43 65 94 92 31 45 90
Moderate 23 59 98 96 36 44 92
Low 5 42 91 91 22 45 89
Mixed 17 52 97 96 25 43 96
               
Percent minority enrollment1              
0–5 percent 1 35 92 90 17 42 87
6–20 percent 4 39 92 92 28 49 91
21–50 percent 5 56 93 93 31 44 91
More than 50 percent 37 62 96 95 28 44 93
               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch              
0–20 percent 3 34 89 89 24 50 91
21–50 percent 4 48 92 92 24 46 89
More than 50 percent 26 57 97 95 27 40 91
               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests              
0–5 percent 8 44 94 93 19 45 92
6–15 percent 9 43 93 92 27 46 89
More than 15 percent 21 57 93 92 29 43 89
               
Percent of students likely to attend college              
0–35 percent 20 54 97 93 27 39 92
36–60 percent 10 48 92 93 26 45 89
More than 60 percent 6 40 91 91 24 49 90
               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important              
0–25 percent 14 53 95 92 28 45 94
26–50 percent 10 50 95 93 23 38 89
51–75 percent 12 48 95 94 27 44 90
More than 75 percent 12 45 90 90 25 49 90
               
Percent male enrollment              
0–44 percent 19 49 93 90 35 39 88
45–55 percent 10 46 93 93 25 46 90
More than 55 percent 17 52 95 90 20 40 96
               
Student/teacher ratio1,2              
Less than 12 9 42 95 93 22 40 91
12–16 12 50 93 93 30 44 88
More than 16 14 52 93 91 25 51 92
               
Number of classroom changes1              
0–3 changes 18 47 91 91 27 46 89
4–6 changes 11 47 93 92 28 46 89
More than 6 changes 8 50 97 94 20 43 94
               
Use of paid law enforcement3              
Regular use 15 54 95 93 31 44 92
No regular use 8 41 91 91 20 45 88
               
Number of serious discipline problems4              
No problems 10 42 91 91 23 43 88
1 problem 12 49 96 95 24 47 91
2 problems 17 59 95 92 27 44 93
3 or more problems 17 57 96 94 35 47 93
               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment1,5              
0 to 6 percent 8 42 88 87 19 44 88
6 to 11 percent 8 45 95 94 26 48 91
11 to 21 percent 11 44 95 94 27 44 89
21 percent or more 18 57 95 93 28 43 93
               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions1,6              
No disruptions 11 46 92 92 24 45 89
Any disruptions 15 59 99 95 31 39 94
               
Percent of students absent without excuses              
None 4 32 85 87 19 45 89
1–2 percent 9 48 95 93 23 44 90
3–5 percent 14 53 94 93 31 41 91
6–10 percent 23 57 99 93 30 48 90
More than 10 percent 25 51 95 94 32 59 89
               
Prevalence of violent incidents1,7              
No violent incidents 11 39 87 87 26 45 88
Any violent incidents 12 51 96 94 25 44 91
1 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
2 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
4 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
5 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
6 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
7 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education