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Table 26.  Percentage of public schools reporting use of specified security practices, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000

Practice Yes No
Require visitors to sign or check in 97 3
Control access to school buildings during school hours1 75 25
Control access to school grounds during school hours234 66
Require students to pass through metal detectors each day 1 99
Require visitors to pass through metal detectors 1 99
Perform one or more random metal detector checks on students 7 93
Close the campus for most students during lunch 65 35
Use one or more random dog sniffs to check for drugs 21 79
Perform one or more random sweeps for contraband,3 but not including dog sniffs 12 88
Require drug testing for any students4 4 96
Require students to wear uniforms 12 88
Enforce a strict dress code 47 53
Provide a printed code of student conduct to students 93 7
Provide a printed code of student conduct to parents 92 8
Provide school lockers to students 46 54
Require clear book bags or ban book bags on school grounds 6 94
Require students to wear badges or picture IDs 4 96
Require faculty and staff to wear badges or picture IDs 25 75
Use one or more security cameras to monitor the school 19 81
Provide telephones in most classrooms 45 55
Prohibit all tobacco use on school grounds 90 10
1 For example, locked or monitored doors.
2 For example, locked or monitored gates.
3 For example, drugs or weapons.
4 For example, athletes.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.

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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education