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Table 24.  Percentage of public schools reporting use of selected methods to involve parents, by school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Formal process to obtain parent input on school crime and discipline policies Training or technical assistance to parents in dealing with students' problem behaviors Program that involves parents at school helping to maintain school discipline
All public schools 55 45 21
       
Level      
Elementary 52 51 22
Middle 59 41 24
Secondary 63 33 19
Combined 48 24 13
       
Enrollment size      
Less than 300 47 35 13
300–499 50 49 21
500–999 58 48 26
1,000 or more 72 51 25
       
Urbanicity      
City 62 57 37
Urban fringe 57 51 19
Town 50 42 17
Rural 48 32 14
       
Crime level where students live1      
High 67 63 43
Moderate 60 52 29
Low 51 40 17
Mixed 60 51 19
       
Percent minority enrollment1      
0–5 percent 47 35 13
6–20 percent 51 44 15
21–50 percent 59 48 21
More than 50 percent 62 55 36
       
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch      
0–20 percent 51 42 18
21–50 percent 54 41 16
More than 50 percent 57 51 29
       
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests      
0–5 percent 52 45 21
6–15 percent 52 42 17
More than 15 percent 60 49 27
       
Percent of students likely to attend college      
0–35 percent 54 45 24
36–60 percent 55 44 19
More than 60 percent 55 46 21
       
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important      
0–25 percent 50 45 21
26–50 percent 50 38 18
51–75 percent 57 47 22
More than 75 percent 56 47 23
       
Percent male enrollment      
0–44 percent 58 47 31
45–55 percent 53 45 19
More than 55 percent 64 43 27
       
Student/teacher ratio1,2      
Less than 12 52 41 16
12–16 55 49 22
More than 16 57 46 26
       
Number of classroom changes1      
0–3 changes 54 51 26
4–6 changes 56 47 22
More than 6 changes 56 38 17
       
Use of paid law enforcement3      
Regular use 61 47 28
No regular use 48 43 15
       
Number of serious discipline problems4      
No problems 51 43 19
1 problem 54 48 24
2 problems 63 46 27
3 or more problems 62 50 24
       
Transfers as percentage of enrollment1,5      
0 to 6 percent 51 41 21
6 to 11 percent 54 40 20
11 to 21 percent 54 44 18
21 percent or more 58 52 25
       
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions1,6      
No disruptions 54 45 22
Any disruptions 61 44 22
       
Percent of students absent without excuses      
None 45 44 16
1–2 percent 53 41 19
3–5 percent 59 49 27
6–10 percent 62 50 26
More than 10 percent 68 51 30
       
Prevalence of violent incidents1,7      
No violent incidents 47 43 23
Any violent incidents 58 46 21
1 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
2 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
3 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
4 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
5 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
6 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
7 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education