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Table 19.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for possession of a weapon other than a firearm, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to specialized schools1   Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools 61,951   5,233 8   8,628 14   27,883 45   18,018 29   2,189 4
                                 
Level                                
Elementary 19,954   826 4   912 5   6,680 33   10,963 55   573 3
Middle 18,139   1,212 7   3,072 17   9,967 55   3,588 20   300 2
Secondary 21,257   2,824 13   4,237 20   10,497 49   2,700 13   999 5
Combined 2,601   372 14   407 16   739 28   767 29   317 12
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 5,267   215 4   524 10   2,520 48   1,780 34  
300–499 10,176   421 4   721 7   3,067 30   4,975 49   992 10
500–999 25,402   2,141 8   2,647 10   11,568 46   8,206 32   840 3
1,000 or more 21,106   2,457 12   4,736 22   10,728 51   3,057 14   129 1
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 23,033   2,410 10   3,623 16   10,369 45   6,481 28   150 1
Urban fringe 21,387   1,544 7   3,071 14   10,187 48   5,734 27   850 4
Town 6,735   587 9   475 7   2,686 40   2,468 37   520 8
Rural 10,796   693 6   1,459 14   4,641 43   3,335 31   668 6
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 7,417   717 10   1,503 20   3,413 46   1,730 23  
Moderate 15,328   959 6   2,163 14   6,803 44   5,291 35   112 1
Low 27,737   2,398 9   3,354 12   12,060 43   7,925 29   2,000 7
Mixed 10,933   1,058 10   1,541 14   5,419 50   2,893 26  
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 9,806   464 5   709 7   4,098 42   4,160 42   374 4
6–20 percent 12,394   934 8   1,480 12   5,417 44   3,210 26   1,353 11
21–50 percent 14,345   1,087 8   2,378 17   7,044 49   3,462 24   375 3
More than 50 percent 24,589   2,564 10   3,962 16   11,064 45   6,912 28  
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 14,552   1,243 9   2,200 15   6,255 43   4,022 28   832 6
21–50 percent 21,921   1,753 8   3,246 15   10,185 46   5,838 27   898 4
More than 50 percent 25,478   2,237 9   3,182 12   11,443 45   8,158 32   458 2
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 12,110   852 7   1,598 13   4,718 39   4,730 39   212 2
6–15 percent 26,118   2,276 9   3,119 12   11,954 46   7,128 27   1,640 6
More than 15 percent 23,722   2,105 9   3,910 16   11,211 47   6,160 26   337 1
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 22,834   1,553 7   3,239 14   9,998 44   6,957 30   1,087 5
36–60 percent 20,110   2,268 11   2,712 13   8,557 43   5,829 29   743 4
More than 60 percent 19,007   1,412 7   2,677 14   9,328 49   5,232 28   359 2
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 5,770   248 4   1,030 18   2,709 47   1,076 19  
26–50 percent 14,995   1,271 8   1,950 13   7,462 50   3,832 26   480 3
51–75 percent 19,583   1,825 9   2,646 14   8,788 45   6,009 31   314 2
More than 75 percent 21,603   1,888 9   3,002 14   8,924 41   7,101 33   688 3
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 6,080   602 10   1,143 19   2,567 42   1,666 27   102 2
45–55 percent 50,443   4,264 8   6,759 13   23,296 46   14,137 28   1,987 4
More than 55 percent 5,428   368 7   726 13   2,021 37   2,214 41   99 2
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 16,044   792 5   1,878 12   6,113 38   6,083 38   1,178 7
12–16 23,460   2,056 9   3,017 13   9,960 42   7,652 33   775 3
More than 16 19,944   2,207 11   3,362 17   10,408 52   3,771 19   196 1
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes 8,792   367 4   600 7   3,496 40   4,329 49   # #
4–6 changes 31,522   2,981 9   4,583 15   13,703 43   8,737 28   1,517 5
More than 6 changes 18,321   1,612 9   2,974 16   9,158 50   3,942 22   634 3
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 48,870   4,617 9   7,680 16   23,557 48   11,024 23   1,992 4
No regular use 13,081   617 5   947 7   4,327 33   6,994 53   197 2
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 17,241   1,535 9   1,489 9   6,758 39   6,636 38   822 5
1 problem 13,984   1,477 11   2,041 15   6,616 47   3,677 26   174 1
2 problems 11,051   695 6   1,800 16   5,341 48   2,469 22   746 7
3 or more problems 19,674   1,526 8   3,298 17   9,168 47   5,235 27   446 2
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 10,661   981 9   1,658 16   4,896 46   2,840 27   285 3
6 to 11 percent 8,699   508 6   975 11   4,261 49   2,921 34  
11 to 21 percent 17,407   1,437 8   2,729 16   7,161 41   4,813 28   1,267 7
21 percent or more 22,994   2,179 9   3,009 13   10,490 46   6,834 30   482 2
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 43,590   3,100 7   5,646 13   19,168 44   14,385 33   1,291 3
Any disruptions 14,687   1,581 11   2,473 17   7,230 49   2,631 18   772 5
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 5,142   114 2   388 8   2,224 43   2,282 44   133 3
1–2 percent 18,964   1,289 7   2,377 13   8,277 44   6,318 33   703 4
3–5 percent 17,821   1,520 9   1,912 11   7,740 43   5,826 33   823 5
6–10 percent 13,582   1,435 11   2,313 17   6,883 51   2,598 19   354 3
More than 10 percent 6,442   876 14   1,638 25   2,758 43   994 15   176 3
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents 5,303   344 6   468 9   1,558 29   2,868 54  
Any violent incidents 55,850   4,635 8   8,105 15   25,995 47   14,991 27   2,123 4
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Weapon" was defined for respondents as, "any instrument or object used with the intent to threaten, injure, or kill. Includes look-alikes if they are used to threaten others." "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education