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Table 16.  Number and percentage distribution of disciplinary actions taken for use of a firearm/explosive device, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Total offenses   Removals   Transfers to
specialized schools1
  Out-of-school suspensions   Other   No disciplinary action
Number   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
All public schools 7,095   632 9   606 9   4,516 64   1,136 16   204 3
                                 
Level                                
Elementary 678   # #   # #     304 45   # #
Middle 1,643   206 13   255 16   434 26   632 38  
Secondary 4,643   408 9   308 7   3,655 79   183 4  
Combined 131           # #
                                 
Enrollment size                                
Less than 300 285       # #   245 86   # #
300–499 742   # #       379 51  
500–999 4,513   45 1   292 6   3,771 84   309 7  
1,000 or more 1,556   570 37   266 17   516 33   203 13   # #
                                 
Urbanicity                                
City 1,759   301 17   260 15   805 46   373 21  
Urban fringe 1,209   291 24   201 17   423 35   294 24   # #
Town 101         # #   # #
Rural 4,026     135 3   3,212 80   468 12  
                                 
Crime level where students live2                                
High 936   230 25   207 22   395 42     # #
Moderate 587   38 6   46 8   300 51   107 18  
Low 1,942   175 9   186 10   685 35   789 41  
Mixed 3,630     167 5   3,137 86     # #
                                 
Percent minority enrollment2                                
0–5 percent 510       146 29   237 47  
6–20 percent 705   44 6   61 9   258 37   322 46  
21–50 percent 1,051   264 25   175 17   302 29    
More than 50 percent 4,807   307 6   338 7   3,811 79   351 7   # #
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent 859   45 5   59 7   328 38   338 39  
21–50 percent 1,525   288 19   230 15   426 28   465 30  
More than 50 percent 4,711   299 6   317 7   3,762 80   333 7   # #
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent 497   38 8     169 34   219 44  
6–15 percent 1,441   110 8   195 14   508 35   443 31  
More than 15 percent 5,157   484 9   361 7   3,838 74   473 9   # #
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                
0–35 percent 4,621   270 6   329 7   3,699 80   322 7   # #
36–60 percent 1,549   260 17   162 10   406 26   516 33   204 13
More than 60 percent 926   102 11   115 12   410 44   298 32   # #
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                
0–25 percent 749   76 10   143 19   322 43   208 28   # #
26–50 percent 1,146   385 34   106 9   289 25   182 16  
51–75 percent 1,131   55 5   137 12   515 46   423 37   # #
More than 75 percent 4,069   116 3   220 5   3,390 83   323 8  
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                
0–44 percent 588   225 38        
45–55 percent 6,388   381 6   543 9   4,499 70   857 13  
More than 55 percent 119       # #     # #
                                 
Student/teacher ratio2,3                                
Less than 12 677     133 20   86 13   313 46  
12–16 4,176   278 7   146 4   3,485 83   179 4  
More than 16 2,087   307 15   327 16   937 45   516 25   # #
                                 
Number of classroom changes2                                
0–3 changes 594       409 69     # #
4–6 changes 4,959   358 7   293 6   3,824 77   388 8  
More than 6 changes 1,425   248 17   302 21   244 17   522 37  
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement4                                
Regular use 6,576   632 10   606 9   4,345 66   788 12   204 3
No regular use 519   # #   # #     348 67   # #
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems5                                
No problems 1,199   101 8   61 5   297 25   652 54  
1 problem 3,641     167 5   3,266 90   191 5   # #
2 problems 889   47 5   183 21   406 46   138 16  
3 or more problems 1,366   468 34   196 14   548 40   155 11   # #
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment2,6                                
0 to 6 percent 3,924   316 8   125 3   3,288 84   195 5   # #
6 to 11 percent 777   56 7   62 8   404 52   235 30  
11 to 21 percent 764   53 7   116 15   288 38   210 28  
21 percent or more 1,388   208 15   271 19   507 37   402 29   # #
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions2,7                                
No disruptions 5,524   127 2   354 6   4,074 74   853 15  
Any disruptions 918   267 29   170 19   344 37   137 15   # #
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                
None 382   # #       165 43  
1–2 percent 1,176   56 5   41 4   330 28   652 55  
3–5 percent 1,017   251 25   155 15   542 53   69 7   # #
6–10 percent 3,534   129 4   162 5   3,143 89   100 3   # #
More than 10 percent 986     180 18   460 47   150 15   # #
                                 
Prevalence of violent incidents2,8                                
No violent incidents 428           # #
Any violent incidents 6,667   599 9   556 8   4,268 64   1,007 15   204 3
# Rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Specialized school was defined for respondents as, "a school that is specifically for students who were referred for disciplinary reasons. The school may also have students who were referred for other reasons. The school may be at the same location as your school."
2 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
3 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
4 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
5 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
6 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
7 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
8 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. "Firearm/explosive device" was defined for respondents as, "any weapon that is designed to (or may readily be converted to) expel a projectile by the action of an explosive. This includes guns, bombs, grenades, mines, rockets, missiles, pipe bombs, or similar devices designed to explode and capable of causing bodily harm or property damage." A gang was defined for respondents as, "an ongoing loosely organized association of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that has a common name, signs, symbols or colors, whose members engage, either individually or collectively, in violent or other forms of illegal behavior." Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education