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Table 2.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting violent and other incidents to police with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic Violent incidents1   Serious violent incidents2   Theft3   Other incidents4
Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
All public schools 29,471 36 256,876   12,115 15 34,281   23,359 28 105,475   42,664 52 293,984
                               
Level                              
Elementary 10,020 20 48,057   4,189 8 9,205   7,680 15 15,456   18,078 36 67,049
Middle 8,543 56 81,441   3,821 25 10,812   6,166 40 26,514   11,246 73 75,317
Secondary 8,445 71 116,407   3,322 28 12,672   7,543 64 58,471   10,145 86 137,137
Combined 2,463 51 10,972   783 16 1,592   1,970 41 5,034   3,195 66 14,481
                               
Enrollment size                              
Less than 300 4,008 20 13,181   1,396 7 2,532   3,483 17 8,310   7,176 36 21,171
300–499 6,622 29 27,255   2,225 10 5,348   5,136 23 13,943   10,252 45 43,244
500–999 12,738 42 108,251   5,543 18 13,941   9,640 32 32,423   17,652 58 103,252
1,000 or more 6,104 70 108,189   2,951 34 12,460   5,101 59 50,799   7,583 87 126,318
                               
Urbanicity                              
City 8,608 44 106,528   4,072 21 15,501   6,639 34 35,461   11,782 61 108,147
Urban fringe 9,339 35 89,107   4,370 17 11,954   7,421 28 38,978   13,016 49 100,492
Town 4,170 40 26,007   1,431 14 2,765   3,159 30 11,880   5,778 55 29,751
Rural 7,354 29 35,235   2,242 9 4,061   6,140 24 19,155   12,088 47 55,594
                               
Crime level where students live5                              
High 3,294 59 41,805   1,708 31 6,476   2,380 43 8,654   3,806 69 35,608
Moderate 5,689 40 58,162   2,583 18 8,695   4,090 29 18,351   7,873 55 63,153
Low 16,733 31 110,692   6,028 11 12,432   14,225 26 62,301   25,498 47 147,123
Mixed 3,629 46 42,914   1,756 22 6,290   2,599 33 15,382   5,287 67 45,544
                               
Percent minority enrollment5                              
0–5 percent 7,330 30 34,847   2,177 9 4,316   6,364 26 20,084   11,199 46 54,841
6–20 percent 6,268 34 50,857   2,539 14 5,646   5,315 29 28,999   9,441 52 65,753
21–50 percent 6,269 38 64,614   2,821 17 8,262   4,463 27 23,702   9,522 58 71,564
More than 50 percent 9,172 43 102,236   4,525 21 15,861   6,820 32 30,908   11,952 55 98,448
                               
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                              
0–20 percent 8,256 36 68,581   2,823 12 7,327   7,079 31 38,898   11,976 52 87,718
21–50 percent 9,800 34 88,215   3,952 14 10,273   8,211 28 38,810   15,097 52 102,450
More than 50 percent 11,415 38 100,081   5,340 18 16,680   8,070 27 27,766   15,591 52 103,816
                               
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                              
0–5 percent 7,231 29 49,723   2,378 9 4,197   5,961 24 25,750   11,191 45 61,444
6–15 percent 11,781 36 104,786   4,543 14 13,066   9,006 27 46,021   16,686 51 120,542
More than 15 percent 10,459 44 102,367   5,194 22 17,019   8,392 35 33,704   14,787 62 111,998
                               
Percent of students likely to attend college                              
0–35 percent 10,646 43 94,040   4,427 18 12,479   7,164 29 25,350   14,139 57 95,089
36–60 percent 9,997 34 87,119   3,865 13 11,950   7,974 27 31,586   15,122 51 98,236
More than 60 percent 8,828 32 75,718   3,823 14 9,852   8,221 30 48,538   13,403 48 100,659
                               
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                              
0–25 percent 3,306 49 29,669   1,133 17 3,743   2,533 37 9,007   4,499 66 28,756
26–50 percent 7,605 43 61,092   3,718 21 10,722   6,068 34 23,499   10,350 58 76,350
51–75 percent 9,431 36 92,107   3,410 13 9,994   7,404 28 34,390   13,952 53 101,879
More than 75 percent 9,130 30 74,008   3,854 12 9,821   7,354 24 38,579   13,862 45 86,999
                               
Percent male enrollment                              
0–44 percent 3,417 34 22,639   1,248 13 3,021   2,246 23 7,957   5,117 51 28,542
45–55 percent 23,199 37 212,694   9,645 16 27,072   18,529 30 88,302   33,359 54 239,225
More than 55 percent 2,855 29 21,543   1,222 12 4,188   2,584 26 9,215   4,188 43 26,217
                               
Student/teacher ratio5,6                              
Less than 12 9,079 33 68,299   3,330 12 7,121   6,727 25 25,877   13,395 49 69,264
12–16 9,900 36 86,194   3,641 13 10,633   8,206 30 37,490   14,304 53 103,579
More than 16 9,334 40 89,174   4,649 20 14,565   7,669 33 38,926   13,188 57 108,849
                               
Number of classroom changes5                              
0–3 changes 4,998 23 30,133   1,971 9 4,229   4,258 19 9,211   8,252 37 32,951
4–6 changes 12,463 35 112,020   5,345 15 15,393   9,545 27 51,064   18,391 52 143,892
More than 6 changes 9,998 49 97,240   4,055 20 12,333   7,796 39 38,020   13,476 67 99,046
                               
Use of paid law enforcement7                              
Regular use 21,994 52 235,715   9,012 21 27,993   17,375 41 92,916   28,422 67 25,863
No regular use 7,478 19 21,161   3,103 8 6,288   5,985 15 12,559   14,242 36 40,122
                               
Number of serious discipline problems8                              
No problems 9,768 21 40,665   3,386 7 5,453   8,382 18 26,195   18,902 41 73,281
1 problem 7,148 45 52,360   2,606 16 7,653   5,160 32 23,136   8,911 56 64,919
2 problems 4,619 51 72,549   2,383 26 8,767   4,024 45 21,225   5,928 66 58,069
3 or more problems 7,937 71 91,303   3,741 33 12,408   5,794 52 34,918   8,922 80 97,715
                               
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                              
0 to 6 percent 6,457 33 47,752   2,485 13 6,016   5,912 30 28,340   9,838 50 63,496
6 to 11 percent 5,710 32 45,847   2,152 12 7,286   4,389 25 20,964   8,117 45 55,715
11 to 21 percent 7,456 40 61,706   3,269 17 8,468   5,836 31 22,687   10,300 55 69,383
21 percent or more 8,736 39 90,774   3,696 16 10,654   6,308 28 28,279   12,524 55 91,621
                               
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                              
No disruptions 22,135 32 173,281   8,813 13 21,445   18,082 26 72,333   33,784 49 206,533
Any disruptions 5,481 67 68,520   2,461 30 10,420   3,794 47 26,764   6,115 75 66,020
                               
Percent of students absent without excuses                              
None 3,273 21 13,780   1,333 9 2,595   2,340 15 9,175   5,467 36 19,873
1–2 percent 11,426 34 75,687   4,020 12 9,472   8,794 26 34,467   17,067 51 95,186
3–5 percent 7,872 37 66,002   3,472 16 9,815   6,649 31 31,841   11,706 55 87,847
6–10 percent 5,021 59 64,092   2,279 27 8,395   4,000 47 21,109   5,944 70 63,101
More than 10 percent 1,880 50 37,315   1,011 27 4,005   1,577 42 8,882   2,480 66 27,977
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts."
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education