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Table 1.  Number and percentage of public schools reporting violent and other incidents of crime with the number of incidents reported, by selected school characteristics: 1999–2000


School characteristic  Total  Violent incidents1    Serious violent incidents2    Theft3    Other incidents4 
Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Number of incidents   Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
  Num-
ber of schools
Per-
cent of schools
Num-
ber of incidents
All public schools  81,971 57,928 71 1,456,532   16,065 20 60,130   37,343 46 217,611   59,281 73 569,534
                                 
Level                                 
Elementary  49,896 30,285 61 715,735   7,193 14 22,978   15,111 30 42,179   30,915 62 167,264
Middle  15,391 13,228 87 435,765   4,483 29 17,743   9,917 65 62,628   13,543 89 168,329
Secondary  11,858 10,760 92 259,541   3,410 29 15,033   9,398 79 100,261   10,890 93 201,082
Combined  4,826 3,654 77 45,491   979 20 4,376   2,917 61 12,543   3,933 83 32,858
                                 
Enrollment size                                 
Less than 300  20,111 12,129 61 114,457   1,949 10 6,441   6,633 33 21,900   12,145 60 53,383
300–499  22,810 15,316 68 298,870   3,591 16 9,488   9,106 40 34,628   14,995 66 101,956
500–999  30,352 22,842 76 751,467   7,414 24 27,508   15,313 51 73,521   24,175 80 224,902
1,000 or more  8,697 7,640 89 291,738   3,111 36 16,694   6,290 73 87,563   7,967 93 189,294
                                 
Urbanicity                                 
City  19,369 14,916 77 492,505   5,300 27 22,125   10,178 53 67,286   15,490 80 180,398
Urban fringe  26,367 17,558 67 448,766   5,769 22 21,844   11,579 44 82,143   17,946 68 199,292
Town  10,436 7,440 73 218,243   2,069 20 7,044   4,766 46 22,857   7,788 75 63,853
Rural  25,799 18,014 70 297,017   2,927 11 9,118   10,819 42 45,324   18,057 70 125,990
                                 
Crime level where students live5                                 
                               
High  5,551 4,592 84 298,610   2,083 38 12,007   3,354 60 16,929   4,445 80 58,590
Moderate  14,254 10,413 73 378,618   3,487 25 14,665   6,954 49 41,198   11,101 78 131,893
Low  54,018 36,459 68 591,840   8,493 16 21,377   22,486 42 122,501   36,886 68 290,900
Mixed  7,916 6,265 79 181,966   1,962 25 11,693   4,434 56 35,915   6,635 85 86,015
                                 
Percent minority enrollment5                                 
                               
0–5 percent  24,573 17,088 70 258,448   3,359 14 7,987   10,675 44 49,313   17,148 70 127,059
6–20 percent  18,234 12,396 69 282,824   3,566 20 12,064   8,011 44 54,008   12,305 68 129,511
21–50 percent  16,469 11,612 71 337,520   3,472 21 18,051   7,443 46 47,713   12,781 78 139,297
More than 50 percent  21,559 15,866 74 557,257   5,616 26 21,834   10,586 49 64,067   16,203 75 167,154
                                 
Percent of students eligible for free/reduced-price lunch                                
0–20 percent  23,008 15,399 68 283,800   3,707 16 11,070   10,668 47 74,501   15,749 69 159,110
21–50 percent  28,846 20,307 71 497,934   5,280 18 18,475   13,604 47 84,221   21,086 73 214,608
More than 50 percent  30,117 22,222 74 674,798   7,078 24 30,585   13,071 44 58,889   22,446 75 195,816
                                 
Percent of students below 15th percentile on standardized tests                                
0–5 percent  25,081 15,977 64 269,730   3,422 14 7,437   9,901 40 54,980   16,559 66 121,352
6–15 percent  32,881 23,713 73 505,737   6,250 19 22,506   15,044 46 90,947   24,160 74 235,939
More than 15 percent  24,009 18,237 77 681,065   6,393 27 30,188   12,399 52 71,684   18,562 78 212,243
                                 
Percent of students likely to attend college                                 
0–35 percent  24,726 19,064 77 592,104   5,653 23 23,596   11,935 48 56,355   19,050 77 182,971
36–60 percent  29,377 20,679 71 530,123   5,662 19 23,255   12,642 43 68,453   21,607 74 191,563
More than 60 percent  27,868 18,184 66 334,305   4,750 17 13,279   12,766 46 92,803   18,625 67 194,999
                                 
Percent of students who consider academic achievement important                                 
0–25 percent  6,789 5,661 83 158,874   1,484 22 8,649   3,928 58 20,800   5,819 86 55,620
26–50 percent  17,787 14,725 83 379,770   4,796 27 20,193   9,641 54 54,042   14,303 81 155,117
51–75 percent  26,475 18,183 69 502,673   4,770 18 15,433   11,813 45 69,079   19,504 74 191,019
More than 75 percent  30,920 19,359 63 415,214   5,015 16 15,856   11,962 39 73,690   19,655 64 167,777
                                 
Percent male enrollment                                 
0–44 percent  9,971 6,730 68 179,403   1,448 15 6,418   4,387 44 18,181   6,572 66 52,043
45–55 percent  62,209 45,203 73 1,170,729   13,056 21 46,545   29,333 47 182,383   46,610 75 470,480
More than 55 percent  9,791 5,995 62 106,400   1,561 16 7,167   3,624 37 17,047   6,099 63 47,011
                                 
Student/teacher ratio5,6                                 
Less than 12  27,402 18,613 68 370,977   4,335 16 13,319   11,420 42 57,226   19,904 73 152,540
12–16  27,156 19,165 71 516,388   5,270 20 21,905   13,217 49 74,064   19,071 70 201,682
More than 16  23,243 17,838 78 506,567   5,742 25 21,843   11,315 49 78,240   18,139 78 195,420
                                 
Number of classroom changes5                                 
0–3 changes  22,086 12,570 57 257,089   3,015 14 10,084   6,672 30 18,611   13,368 61 67,531
4–6 changes  35,595 25,612 73 691,998   7,406 21 27,487   15,741 44 100,543   25,534 72 277,561
More than 6 changes  20,240 16,568 82 438,895   4,708 23 18,629   12,452 62 84,303   17,299 86 190,963
                                 
Use of paid law enforcement7                                 
Regular use  42,389 33,565 80 1,052,135   10,939 26 46,589   24,998 59 176,730   35,035 83 444,575
No regular use  39,582 24,363 62 404,396   5,126 13 13,541   12,345 31 40,882   24,246 61 124,958
                                 
Number of serious discipline problems8                                 
No problems  45,863 28,088 62 348,897   5,465 12 10,679   15,781 35 58,799   28,929 63 153,481
1 problem  15,905 12,406 78 292,112   3,290 21 11,663   7,978 50 46,599   12,096 76 119,107
2 problems  9,020 7,406 83 308,466   2,895 32 14,676   5,578 62 40,071   8,072 90 105,421
3 or more problems  11,183 10,027 91 507,057   4,414 40 23,111   8,007 72 72,142   10,185 92 191,525
                                 
Transfers as percentage of enrollment5,9                                 
0 to 6 percent  19,541 12,850 66 204,615   3,307 17 11,699   9,261 47 54,149   12,924 66 117,064
6 to 11 percent  17,881 12,001 67 208,167   3,065 17 10,452   8,133 46 45,650   12,459 70 102,305
11 to 21 percent  18,848 13,947 75 318,136   4,205 22 12,826   8,301 44 51,947   14,013 75 137,129
21 percent or more  22,657 17,101 76 653,790   4,953 22 22,266   10,566 47 59,016   17,497 78 187,903
                                 
Prevalence of schoolwide disruptions5,10                                 
No disruptions  68,289 47,442 70 1,141,884   12,160 18 39,069   29,854 44 158,952   48,351 71 420,129
Any disruptions  8,152 7,222 90 233,093   2,981 37 17,016   5,278 65 47,506   7,219 90 112,571
                                 
Percent of students absent without excuses                                 
None  15,280 8,395 55 140,857   1,950 13 4,563   4,754 31 22,005   8,397 55 58,089
1–2 percent  33,213 24,074 73 488,303   5,497 17 18,767   14,099 43 71,784   24,296 73 191,223
3–5 percent  21,278 15,636 74 444,242   4,451 21 14,383   11,063 52 65,889   16,599 78 169,407
6–10 percent  8,455 6,981 84 260,091   3,061 37 16,482   5,464 65 44,921   7,365 88 102,442
More than 10 percent  3,745 2,843 77 123,040   1,105 30 5,936   1,963 53 13,012   2,625 71 48,372
1 Violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with or without a weapon, threat of physical attack with or without a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
2 Serious violent incidents include rape, sexual battery other than rape, physical attack or fight with a weapon, threat of physical attack with a weapon, and robbery with or without a weapon.
3 Theft/larceny (taking things over $10 without personal confrontation) was defined for respondents as, "the unlawful taking of another person's property without personal confrontation, threat, violence, or bodily harm. Included are pocket picking, stealing purse or backpack (if left unattended or no force was used to take it from owner), theft from a building, theft from a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts or accessories, theft of bicycles, theft from vending machines, and all other types of thefts.
4 Other incidents include possession of a firearm or explosive device, possession of a knife or sharp object, distribution of illegal drugs, possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs, sexual harassment, or vandalism.
5 Some schools are omitted from these categories because of missing data on their school characteristics. For this reason, the detailed results do not sum to the totals. See appendix J of 2000 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) Detailed Data Documentation (NCES 2004-307) for further information.
6 Student/teacher ratio was calculated by dividing the total number of students enrolled in the school by the total number of full-time equivalent teachers. The total number of full-time equivalent teachers is a combination of the full-time and part-time teachers, including special education teachers, with an adjustment to compensate for the part-time status.
7 Schools were included as regularly using paid law enforcement if they reported the use of paid law enforcement during any of the following times: at any time during school hours, while students were arriving or leaving, at selected school activities (e.g., athletic and social events, open houses, science fairs), or at any other time that the respondent specified.
8 Serious discipline problems is a count of discipline problems reported by principals. These discipline problems include student racial tensions, student bullying, student verbal abuse of teachers, widespread disorder in classrooms, and student acts of disrespect for teachers. If a principal reported that any of these problems occurred daily or weekly in their school, each was counted once in the total number of serious discipline problems. Undesirable gang activities and undesirable cult or extremist group activities were also counted once as a problem if the principal reported that these events occurred at all in their school.
9 Transfers as a percentage of enrollment combines the number of students who were transferred to a school and the number of students who were transferred from a school, divided by the total number of students enrolled in the school.
10 Schoolwide disruptions include actions that disrupted school activities such as bomb threats or anthrax threats. Respondents were instructed to exclude all fire alarms, including false alarms.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. "At school/at your school" was defined for respondents as including activities happening in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that are holding school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to, unless the survey specified otherwise, only respond for those times that were during normal school hours or when school activities/events were in session. Elementary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. Secondary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 12. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education