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Table 39.  Average number of public school principals who were newly hired by public school districts for grades K–12 and comparable ungraded levels and percentage of public school districts that required selected criteria when considering principal applicants, by state: 2003–04

  Average number of principals who were newly hired for grades K–12 and comparable ungraded levels   Percent of districts that required selected criteria when considering principal applicants  
State   Full standard state administrative certification   Master's or higher degree   Prior teaching experience Prior administrative experience   Participation in administrative training program  
United States  0.7   83.5   76.5   72.8 12.9   28.8  
                       
Alabama  0.9   96.2   92.2   81.2 18.2   18.3  
Alaska  1.2   82.2   73.5   76.2 12.5   18.5  
Arizona  0.7   66.9   68.7   80.4 15.8   15.7  
Arkansas  0.4   83.9   88.2   78.1 3.7   29.3  
California  0.9   70.6   30.8 ! 66.0 19.2 ! 25.3 !
                       
Colorado  1.0   86.8   76.9   73.4 11.1   49.0  
Connecticut  0.6   95.3   82.9   70.8 19.4   40.0  
Delaware  0.7   91.7   95.1   100.0 47.1   17.1 !
District of Columbia  7.0   14.8 ! 34.2 ! 81.4 66.5 ! #  
Florida  2.2   96.6   98.5   85.7 48.0   57.6  
                       
Georgia  1.5   98.3   94.1   75.9 25.8   19.3  
Hawaii  #   100.0   #   # #   100.0  
Idaho  0.6   91.6   79.5   66.3 5.1   25.9  
Illinois  0.5   100.0   88.6   77.9 10.9 ! 38.4  
Indiana  0.5   95.9   80.1   78.4 4.1 ! 23.8  
                       
Iowa  0.4   90.3   86.8   82.8 6.1   57.7  
Kansas  0.3   99.4   87.9   66.3 1.1   15.3  
Kentucky  0.9   98.9   94.2   74.4 1.7 ! 41.4  
Louisiana  2.3   94.7   96.9   90.9 20.0 ! 36.4  
Maine  0.6   88.2   60.4   66.2 13.1   21.0  
                       
Maryland  2.6   91.1   91.1   100.0 38.7   38.4  
Massachusetts  0.6   77.6   76.8   66.4 34.7   20.7  
Michigan  0.5   38.2   66.2   64.2 10.3   13.9  
Minnesota  0.4   84.0   75.5   68.1 15.3   29.0  
Mississippi  0.7   100.0   88.6   72.7 12.1   45.8  
                       
Missouri  0.6   76.8   94.2   80.4 2.4   23.8 !
Montana  0.4   66.4   61.1   61.5 5.7   17.9  
Nebraska  0.2   91.4   81.3   61.3 14.4 ! 27.3 !
Nevada  1.0   92.0   84.0   75.9 24.1   38.0  
New Hampshire  0.4   93.5   79.9   69.4 14.6   20.9 !
                       
New Jersey  0.6   91.9   89.2   77.9 14.8   20.2  
New Mexico  1.3   91.2   93.8   86.7 11.8   42.9  
New York  0.8   91.6   81.5   62.3 13.4   30.8  
North Carolina  1.7   57.5   69.0   46.8 18.1   29.0  
North Dakota  0.3   86.2   45.5   64.6 4.2   22.7  
                       
Ohio  0.6   85.4   82.4   68.1 7.6   24.4  
Oklahoma  0.4   98.3   91.9   70.3 4.7   27.1  
Oregon  0.6   89.6   65.2   72.7 1.9 ! 30.1  
Pennsylvania  0.5   92.2   66.9   84.1 12.3   27.0  
Rhode Island  1.2   94.0   56.7   75.9 15.2   22.2  
                       
South Carolina  1.0   98.8   94.4   94.2 36.2   58.0  
South Dakota  0.4   72.9   71.4   67.7 5.1   13.1  
Tennessee  0.7   98.0   88.3   66.1 10.0   24.5  
Texas  0.7   74.2   76.0   84.9 20.6   40.9  
Utah  1.8   83.4   72.5   65.0 13.8   32.6  
                       
Vermont           
Virginia  1.1   89.9   93.3   92.8 43.9   21.7  
Washington  0.8   96.5   79.1   64.6 0.9   38.5  
West Virginia  1.5   95.1   87.6   76.7 5.0   59.7  
Wisconsin  0.5   86.9   85.5   76.2 9.4 ! 39.2  
Wyoming  0.7   75.7   84.3   71.5 9.1   20.2  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The base-weighted unit response rate was below 50 percent.
NOTE: Newly hired principals are principals not employed in the district last school year.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, District Data File, 2003–04.

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