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Table 38.  Average number of public school teachers who were newly hired by public school districts for grades K-12 and comparable ungraded levels and percentage of public school districts that required selected criteria when considering teaching applicants, by state: 2003–04

      Percent of districts that required selected criteria when considering teaching applicants  
State  Average number of teachers who were newly hired for grades K–12 and comparable ungraded levels   Full standard state certification for field to be taught   At least emergency or temporary state certification or endorsement for field to be taught   Graduation from a state- approved teacher education program   College major or minor in field to be taught   Passing score on a STATE test of basic skills   Passing score on a STATE test of subject knowledge   Passing score on a local DISTRICT test of basic skills or subject knowledge   Passing score on the Praxis Series Core Battery Test of Professional Knowledge   Passing score on the Praxis II: Subject Assessment in a specific content area  
United States  18.5   77.4   70.9   66.4   62.6   64.1   58.2   3.7   29.1   26.9  
                                         
Alabama  31.2   83.8   75.4   81.3   80.9   42.0   25.4   #   2.6   6.2  
Alaska  18.8   71.6   80.5   75.8   41.7   44.9   31.8   3.7   38.0   8.9  
Arizona  15.3   53.6   56.3   48.7   51.0   57.8   51.4   1.9 ! 0.7   0.7  
Arkansas  9.9   68.5   83.9   67.1   61.2   77.4   79.0   5.9 ! 84.1   83.9  
California  24.0   62.1   71.2   70.0   31.0   81.2   48.1   2.9 ! 13.1   14.8  
                                         
Colorado  25.5   64.2   76.1   43.5   42.2   58.9   55.8   2.5 ! 13.9 ! 11.5  
Connecticut  19.2   82.2   85.3   56.2   57.4   84.2   73.1   7.5   86.5   77.7  
Delaware  26.9   86.8   91.2   55.9   60.3   76.9   36.6 ! #   87.8   33.3 !
District of Columbia  19.8 ! 14.8 ! 19.0 ! 62.0 ! 95.9   4.1 ! #   #   51.3 ! 51.3 !
Florida  254.3   41.3   67.6   30.4 ! 23.4 ! 65.9   62.7   3.0 ! 2.7 ! 4.2 !
                                         
Georgia  62.4   51.7   89.5   68.0   62.8   74.0   73.5   2.0 ! 82.6   85.6  
Hawaii  1,159.0   #   #   #   #   #   #   #   #   #  
Idaho  11.3   84.1   72.4   81.4   80.5   29.1   21.5   5.2   12.3   9.6  
Illinois  13.4   89.1   64.5   75.0   76.3   87.9   87.9   4.1 ! 0.9 ! 0.9 !
Indiana  14.8   80.4   88.7   74.3   76.2   84.6   78.7   0.8   59.2   55.0  
                                         
Iowa  7.5   74.8   73.9   80.2   72.0   4.4   5.0   0.3   1.4   1.0  
Kansas  9.2   87.6   67.2   73.2   62.8   65.5   61.4   1.8 ! 22.6   17.5  
Kentucky  23.9   86.0   87.0   71.6   83.9   83.0   82.0   0.7   85.2   78.7  
Louisiana  63.1   73.3   91.7   67.8   57.1   54.0   53.6   #   75.2   78.6  
Maine  8.3   60.1   82.9   31.6   31.5   64.8   46.4   3.6   64.2   46.4  
                                         
Maryland  267.8   54.2   82.1   36.9   68.8   39.6   39.6   #   73.8   73.8  
Massachusetts  18.2   72.7   74.4   30.2   57.1   83.0   75.8   1.7 ! #   #  
Michigan  6.1   95.3   64.5   91.8   85.4   80.5   75.1   5.6   2.1 ! 2.8 !
Minnesota  9.3   88.6   62.1   79.7   85.1   74.6   54.3   7.2 ! 32.5   28.2  
Mississippi  26.2   93.3   80.4   67.5   70.0   62.7   65.2   7.0 ! 92.4   91.0  
                                         
Missouri  11.0   62.9   80.2   67.9   57.7   55.0   52.9   4.0 ! 54.6   49.1  
Montana  3.3   92.9   66.8   77.5   77.4   39.1   32.1   10.7   16.9   14.6  
Nebraska  3.0   85.6   51.2   80.0   66.3   58.2   38.0   3.7 ! 5.1   1.5 !
Nevada  137.1   100.0   64.2   84.0   78.1   70.1   70.1   8.0 ! 78.1   84.0  
New Hampshire  9.8   77.8   83.9   39.4   42.5   58.7   45.7   10.1 ! 64.1   36.2  
                                         
New Jersey  17.0   83.2   66.1   38.8   51.6   66.4   72.7   13.3 ! 77.9   61.2  
New Mexico  20.8   72.6   76.9   75.0   60.2   89.4   78.5   9.2   22.8   21.7  
New York  17.4   83.0   65.7   64.5   68.3   73.5   70.3   3.2   8.7 ! 6.0 !
North Carolina  52.5   38.6   59.5   42.8   60.5   35.7   43.6   #   37.3   49.4  
North Dakota  2.6   93.2   47.0   72.6   95.2   15.5   15.5   2.0 ! 4.4   4.4  
                                         
Ohio  10.3   83.6   84.5   73.2   64.5   70.7   70.1   2.0   69.1   69.1  
Oklahoma  4.8   97.7   63.8   70.1   63.8   92.7   93.0   2.8   3.6   4.6  
Oregon  12.1   77.8   88.4   69.3   50.3   47.3   40.0   2.8 ! 35.8   36.6  
Pennsylvania  14.3   85.6   66.0   69.8   69.3   73.3   72.2   1.8   80.6   79.8  
Rhode Island  18.3   90.9   96.6   56.9   44.3   44.9   44.9   #   52.5   44.5  
                                         
South Carolina  41.7   84.9   78.5   56.6   69.7   60.6   57.8   #   83.3   83.4  
South Dakota  4.2   84.8   44.3   72.8   71.3   21.8   15.6   #   8.2 ! 9.0 !
Tennessee  38.0   86.8   69.5   82.6   73.6   65.1   60.6   #   82.1   77.2  
Texas  30.0   54.6   71.5   51.1   45.0   69.1   64.7   3.2 ! 1.9 ! 1.9 !
Utah  70.2   81.4   72.0   68.5   62.4   2.5   7.6   5.7   8.2   13.4  
                                         
Vermont                     
Virginia  60.4   53.5   86.2   35.4   50.6   44.4   43.5   6.6 ! 60.3   59.4  
Washington  18.0   91.4   74.9   83.0   58.2   17.7 ! 16.1 ! #   0.3   0.3  
West Virginia  17.8   82.8   87.3   87.6   73.6   60.1   65.0   #   90.8   90.8  
Wisconsin  10.0   85.4   83.8   80.7   84.5   16.3   17.9   0.3   7.6   5.8  
Wyoming  9.5   80.2   64.5   59.3   51.9   8.3   6.4 ! #   3.7 ! #  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The base-weighted unit response rate was below 50 percent.
NOTE: Newly hired teachers are teachers not employed in the district last school year. The Praxis Series is a standardized battery of national teacher general assessments by the Educational Testing Service that measures reading, writing, and mathematics skills vital to all teacher candidates. Praxis II is generally defined as a standardized teacher assessment of specific subject content.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, District Data File, 2003–04.

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