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Table 29.  Experience of public school principals, by state: 2003–04

  Percentage who held selected school positions before becoming a principal Average number of years as principal in any school Average number of years as principal in current school
State Department head Curriculum specialist or coordinator Assistant principal or program director Guidance counselor   Library media specialist/ librarian   Athletic coach/ athletic director Sponsor for student clubs/ debate teams
United States  35.6 23.4 68.0 7.5   1.3   33.9 52.7 7.8 4.3
                       
Alabama  45.1 10.6 78.6 8.0   1.0 ! 41.7 67.3 6.4 4.4
Alaska  47.5 25.1 54.5 15.7   3.7 ! 49.5 76.5 7.9 2.4
Arizona  44.8 29.0 64.1 6.1   2.1 ! 36.2 56.5 6.4 2.9
Arkansas  29.8 8.7 52.0 7.1   2.5   27.0 44.3 8.4 5.9
California  34.3 36.5 78.1 11.0   2.9   25.3 45.2 7.1 3.6
                       
Colorado  42.2 23.7 72.4 12.7   3.3 ! 38.9 59.1 7.1 3.9
Connecticut  26.7 37.9 75.0 3.4   0.5 ! 21.2 44.8 9.0 5.5
Delaware  45.7 18.0 91.1 7.1   #   27.4 58.6 7.5 4.1
District of Columbia  52.7 43.8 94.7 14.9   2.4 ! 22.0 74.5 9.0 3.7
Florida  56.0 40.7 86.5 11.6   2.3 ! 22.3 55.9 7.9 4.4
                       
Georgia  38.8 17.9 96.4 6.2   #   26.1 55.9 5.5 3.1
Hawaii  80.5 46.6 95.1 18.1   4.0   27.3 75.7 6.3 4.0
Idaho  45.6 15.5 60.6 6.8   1.7 ! 51.3 54.9 8.5 4.0
Illinois  30.8 18.8 61.3 2.5   #   36.8 55.2 7.1 4.8
Indiana  23.3 23.8 64.6 4.3   #   39.0 55.0 9.5 5.6
                       
Iowa  33.8 18.5 31.9 6.6   1.7 ! 53.9 46.2 9.7 5.3
Kansas  37.1 13.9 44.2 3.9   #   57.5 61.7 9.7 4.8
Kentucky  32.7 24.4 48.6 11.1   0.4 ! 44.8 61.1 6.1 4.4
Louisiana  49.3 18.1 74.8 6.6   0.9 ! 27.1 70.0 6.9 5.5
Maine  34.8 10.4 54.2 3.4   0.6 ! 43.0 54.0 8.7 5.2
                       
Maryland  39.9 30.8 82.1 3.7 ! 1.5 ! 23.9 53.9 7.8 4.1
Massachusetts  15.3 23.1 57.7 5.8   #   25.8 40.0 9.4 5.1
Michigan  27.1 19.8 57.8 7.6   0.4 ! 26.3 52.5 8.2 4.5
Minnesota  44.8 26.2 53.4 5.4   0.7 ! 47.2 46.2 8.6 4.8
Mississippi  44.3 17.1 73.5 3.2   1.3 ! 34.8 54.6 6.7 4.1
                       
Missouri  29.7 19.7 50.0 9.6   #   34.5 51.0 6.9 4.0
Montana  31.2 13.1 34.5 8.6   1.4 ! 55.1 57.8 8.3 5.3
Nebraska  35.3 14.4 30.4 3.8 ! 1.8 ! 48.2 59.4 9.2 4.4
Nevada  51.8 32.3 81.8 7.6   1.3 ! 28.6 67.3 6.5 2.9
New Hampshire  21.5 17.2 63.2 3.1   #   31.0 55.6 10.1 5.5
                       
New Jersey  25.6 23.9 69.8 8.9   1.6 ! 23.0 55.4 8.1 5.2
New Mexico  40.0 27.3 68.2 8.9   0.7 ! 37.1 60.3 7.0 3.6
New York  26.7 34.5 78.3 4.3   1.0 ! 26.0 45.4 6.4 4.1
North Carolina  52.2 26.8 89.7 4.6   1.7 ! 39.0 61.1 7.4 3.4
North Dakota  31.7 12.3 27.5 5.6   0.7 ! 53.4 45.2 12.8 7.6
                       
Ohio  32.0 10.6 59.6 1.7   0.4 ! 43.4 54.8 9.8 4.7
Oklahoma  40.5 15.6 56.7 13.0   0.8 ! 45.0 53.1 8.8 5.4
Oregon  35.4 24.7 69.7 15.9   1.1 ! 41.4 43.9 7.9 3.7
Pennsylvania  25.2 19.6 64.8 2.0 ! 1.4 ! 34.0 48.2 8.1 4.3
Rhode Island  16.9 21.4 70.7 6.5   1.2 ! 24.9 57.7 8.0 4.0
                       
South Carolina  45.1 23.8 86.5 6.7   #   23.8 59.7 7.8 5.0
South Dakota  25.6 13.2 25.1 9.0   2.5 ! 49.7 45.9 10.6 5.7
Tennessee  41.8 12.8 69.1 2.2   0.3 ! 45.8 55.2 8.1 5.7
Texas  33.2 21.0 76.8 13.0   1.1 ! 25.7 49.5 6.7 3.3
Utah  46.3 22.8 74.7 13.8   1.7 ! 30.7 44.9 7.2 3.3
                       
Vermont  24.5 14.2 50.3 8.2   1.1 ! 27.1 53.7 10.6 4.5
Virginia  40.2 19.8 87.1 7.2   1.3 ! 26.7 52.7 7.9 4.4
Washington  41.6 33.6 72.1 7.6   4.2 ! 41.8 56.7 7.7 3.6
West Virginia  31.1 14.3 51.7 2.9   1.8 ! 32.1 44.5 12.1 6.4
Wisconsin  41.6 18.5 50.4 7.9   1.5 ! 55.8 53.7 7.7 4.7
Wyoming  33.3 9.7 41.6 7.2   2.4 ! 42.6 64.8 8.4 4.1
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, Public School Principal Data File, 2003–04.

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