Table 28.  Percentage distribution of public school principals by highest degree earned, and state: 2003–04

State Less than bachelor's
degree
  Bachelor's degree   Master's degree Education
specialist or
professional diploma
Doctorate/
1st professional degree
 
United States  0.1 ! 1.7   59.2 30.3 8.6  
                 
Alabama  0.4 ! 0.7 ! 47.1 44.3 7.5  
Alaska  #   3.7 ! 73.6 18.0 4.7  
Arizona  2.0   4.2   64.7 16.2 12.8  
Arkansas  #   0.4 ! 60.9 32.4 6.2  
California  #   3.6   66.0 22.2 8.3  
                 
Colorado  #   0.8 ! 56.9 34.8 7.4  
Connecticut  #   #   8.1 78.9 13.0  
Delaware  #   #   66.5 19.9 13.6  
District of Columbia  #   #   58.7 10.5 30.8  
Florida  0.4 ! 4.6   63.4 15.9 15.7  
                 
Georgia  #   #   16.0 69.2 14.9  
Hawaii  #   20.6   56.7 13.9 8.8 !
Idaho  #   0.3   66.9 30.9 1.9  
Illinois  #   #   68.4 22.1 9.6  
Indiana  #   #   48.7 43.7 7.6  
                 
Iowa  #   #   66.7 30.8 2.5  
Kansas  #   0.2 ! 74.4 20.9 4.5  
Kentucky  #   #   26.0 66.5 7.5  
Louisiana  #   #   55.3 42.3 2.5  
Maine  #   3.2 ! 60.8 28.1 7.9  
                 
Maryland  #   #   64.2 30.3 5.6  
Massachusetts  #   0.9 ! 59.1 25.4 14.6  
Michigan  1.8 ! 2.9   60.7 27.6 7.0  
Minnesota  #   2.9   14.0 73.7 9.3  
Mississippi  #   0.9 ! 70.6 20.0 8.6  
                 
Missouri  #   2.3 ! 41.8 45.0 10.9  
Montana  #   13.3   67.9 11.2 7.5  
Nebraska  #   1.0 ! 57.3 35.1 6.7  
Nevada  #   #   68.0 27.7 4.3  
New Hampshire  #   0.8 ! 66.0 24.3 8.9  
                 
New Jersey  #   #   73.1 17.2 9.7  
New Mexico  #   #   72.9 18.3 8.8  
New York  #   #   29.1 63.4 7.5  
North Carolina  #   1.2 ! 57.8 25.6 15.3  
North Dakota  #   13.9   73.8 8.4 3.9  
                 
Ohio  0.3 ! 0.1 ! 78.7 18.8 2.1  
Oklahoma  #   0.6 ! 75.4 20.3 3.6  
Oregon  #   3.8 ! 52.3 36.0 7.9  
Pennsylvania  #   0.4 ! 52.1 33.0 14.5  
Rhode Island  #   0.4 ! 63.6 25.0 10.9  
                 
South Carolina  #   1.6 ! 30.7 53.6 14.1  
South Dakota  #   6.8   62.7 21.3 9.3  
Tennessee  #   3.4 ! 45.5 42.2 8.9  
Texas  #   2.6   74.8 15.9 6.7  
Utah  #   0.5 ! 61.2 30.0 8.3  
                 
Vermont  #   1.8 ! 76.9 16.6 4.7  
Virginia  #   #   69.3 17.2 13.5  
Washington  #   #   74.3 20.9 4.8  
West Virginia  #   #   67.3 27.4 5.3  
Wisconsin  #   4.6 ! 67.0 19.1 9.3  
Wyoming  #   0.8 ! 76.1 16.1 7.0  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, Public School Principal Data File, 2003–04.