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Table 16.  Of public schools that had teaching vacancies in various fields for the current school year, percentage that found it very difficult or were not able to fill the vacancies in these fields, by state: 2003–04

State General elemen-
tary
  Special education English/ language arts   Social studies   Computer science   Math-
ematics
  Biology or life sciences   Physical sciences   English as a Second Language (ESL)1   Foreign lang-
uages
  Music or art   Vocational or technical education  
United States  3.9   29.2 8.1   4.0   16.3   28.8   20.9   27.7   31.4   33.6   19.1   27.9  
                                               
Alabama  3.9 ! 23.4 6.2 ! 2.9 ! 10.5 ! 21.7   14.0   11.2   37.3   37.9   25.1   19.4  
Alaska  9.5 ! 48.5 22.7   9.0   59.3   29.5   25.5   51.7   41.2   25.9   26.3   40.3  
Arizona  10.3   48.2 15.6   2.6 ! 21.2   34.9   25.7   17.3   34.6   30.8   23.0   37.2  
Arkansas  3.5 ! 31.7 4.3 ! 3.1 ! #   36.3   13.8   18.0   14.3 ! 62.0   19.8   2.9 !
California  #   30.7 10.9   #   4.4 ! 39.4   17.9   26.4   23.2   19.7   28.5   21.6  
                                               
Colorado  #   23.1 9.2   5.5 ! 10.6 ! 21.1   15.9   19.5   19.4   34.2   11.6   4.7 !
Connecticut  3.5 ! 26.2 12.1   #   18.9 ! 26.7   26.4   23.0   42.9   28.5   11.8 ! 34.6  
Delaware  3.8 ! 39.4 #   #   23.7 ! 32.8   45.8   41.5   68.8   34.9   4.7 ! 38.1  
District of Columbia  22.6   57.4 30.1   15.1 ! 27.8 ! 21.9   #   24.4 ! 50.5   76.1   41.4   41.7 !
Florida  16.8   30.8 15.1   1.8 ! 20.7   30.3   18.1   33.9   11.1   12.4   15.3   13.8  
                                               
Georgia  0.8 ! 26.5 2.3 ! #   7.8 ! 10.8   11.3   13.8   16.6 ! 17.0   14.2 ! 15.2 !
Hawaii  12.9   51.9 24.4   19.9   40.1   49.7   32.8   44.3   31.8   45.6   55.9   37.9  
Idaho  8.8 ! 25.0 4.2 ! 1.7   3.8 ! 18.9   6.4 ! #   9.2 ! 12.9   27.3   23.1  
Illinois  2.3 ! 26.4 1.2 ! 2.3 ! 13.9 ! 22.3   11.9   30.5   47.8   55.7   16.5 ! 45.5  
Indiana  #   37.3 11.9 ! 1.9 ! 25.8 ! 25.8   29.7   19.9   59.0   45.1   20.1 ! 20.0  
                                               
Iowa  #   23.7 2.5 ! #   2.2 ! 15.4   15.8   18.7 ! 22.3 ! 32.8   13.7   56.1  
Kansas  #   22.6 9.3 ! #   41.2   17.2   35.1   59.9   26.2 ! 22.8   32.9   20.4 !
Kentucky  2.0 ! 48.4 2.7 ! 3.6 ! 24.4 ! 23.5   37.1   40.6   14.4 ! 57.5   8.8 ! 13.5 !
Louisiana  13.6   20.4 10.2   2.5 ! 19.9 ! 19.4   15.2   19.3   33.6 ! 17.1   22.6   28.3  
Maine  #   26.1 6.6 ! 2.5 ! 31.6 ! 19.1   28.9   57.1   21.2 ! 47.1   35.8   43.1  
                                               
Maryland  5.1 ! 28.5 13.5 ! 6.0 ! 14.8   25.8   29.8   31.3   41.1   20.0   7.4   30.7  
Massachusetts  #   26.0 3.4 ! 5.4 ! 5.3 ! 29.2   25.8   26.8   19.0 ! 53.0   3.8 ! 17.3 !
Michigan  3.5 ! 32.3 #   #   22.3 ! 24.7   17.7   15.6 ! 22.0 ! 18.9 ! 35.3   62.6  
Minnesota  2.7 ! 39.0 6.3 ! 2.8 ! 21.5 ! 20.7   29.6   36.5   41.1   35.6   19.1   50.2  
Mississippi  8.8   37.5 4.7 ! 4.0 ! 3.5 ! 37.4   23.9   26.8   41.3   46.1   7.9 ! 21.3  
                                               
Missouri  #   18.1 8.9 ! 11.7 ! 30.2 ! 15.2   23.0   22.2   66.9   42.7   26.5   30.0  
Montana  #   38.9 5.8 ! #   23.9 ! 12.5 ! 25.6   14.0 ! 18.3 ! 17.2 ! 29.0   29.2  
Nebraska  #   32.6 8.1 ! 10.1 ! 19.0 ! 21.9   35.6   44.5   24.7 ! 38.7   23.1   28.8  
Nevada  11.8 ! 39.7 16.2   27.3   37.0   52.0   18.6   17.7   48.7   31.4   20.1   57.7  
New Hampshire  1.8 ! 34.8 15.3   #   #   36.7   23.0 ! 42.2   11.7 ! 28.9   43.4   6.6  
                                               
New Jersey  2.4 ! 17.1 6.7 ! 1.5 ! 14.4   33.0   28.3   47.9   29.1   35.0   22.1   37.5  
New Mexico  5.5 ! 33.1 17.8   1.9 ! 3.1 ! 29.1   35.4   50.3   48.2   20.3   26.9   36.1  
New York  1.9 ! 16.5 21.8   7.9 ! 19.0   42.3   26.5   31.5   35.6   42.0   15.2   33.4  
North Carolina  12.7   44.6 7.3   7.7 ! 14.0   46.5   32.3   26.8   23.9   27.1   6.8 ! 18.7  
North Dakota  #   37.8 21.7   14.2 ! 18.6   24.1   35.2   58.0   18.5 ! 37.1   46.4   54.6  
                                               
Ohio  0.9 ! 22.3 4.0 ! 2.6 ! 10.4 ! 34.6   20.2   20.9   11.8 ! 28.3   12.4 ! 28.8  
Oklahoma  2.9 ! 30.5 1.7 ! #   19.7   21.8   24.0   27.0   25.9   31.7   23.0   12.3  
Oregon  #   49.1 5.0 ! #   20.4 ! 20.1   20.7   40.1   23.1   30.5   10.2 ! 33.7  
Pennsylvania  2.5 ! 21.1 3.8 ! #   23.5   14.1   17.9   27.3   21.1   34.2   15.3   36.2  
Rhode Island  #   18.7 4.3 ! #   26.9 ! 38.5   #   33.9   13.8 ! 30.3   3.4 ! 32.9  
                                               
South Carolina  5.3 ! 32.1 3.4 ! 2.0 ! 19.4 ! 35.5   19.3   29.2   23.0 ! 43.3   9.4   31.7  
South Dakota  7.5 ! 35.3 6.3 ! #   35.8   34.9   24.3   41.5   53.2 ! 17.8 ! 22.3   37.9  
Tennessee  4.3 ! 36.5 7.8 ! 7.0 ! #   38.9   27.0   31.4   52.8   47.1   27.8   14.7  
Texas  5.4 ! 14.2 3.9 ! 7.8   22.5   20.8   11.7   19.3   35.1   36.8   18.5   19.4  
Utah  2.7 ! 27.9 6.4 ! #   37.6   28.3   12.3   9.8 ! 25.7 ! 7.8 ! 4.9 ! 13.0  
                                               
Vermont  #   74.0 4.4 ! #   57.6   35.1   10.9 ! 23.5   70.5   32.2   43.5   9.4  
Virginia  7.2   37.1 10.3   10.9 ! 7.5 ! 31.2   26.8   46.5   37.3   36.0   14.7   43.1  
Washington  #   41.6 #   #   13.6 ! 27.0   6.5 ! 21.9   53.3   31.7   45.7   17.9  
West Virginia  #   27.0 17.4   3.5 ! 14.7   14.1 ! 29.9   40.5   31.1 ! 54.7   13.4 ! 24.9  
Wisconsin  4.4 ! 26.7 7.8 ! #   32.8 ! 12.4   #   31.4   35.0   30.8   16.7   34.6  
Wyoming  2.0 ! 33.2 12.9   16.6   18.5 ! 62.2   35.0   40.6   31.0 ! 56.6   41.9   50.7  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 50 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 English as a Second Language (ESL) also includes English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) and/or bilingual education.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, Public School Data File, 2003–04.

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