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Table 3. Percentage distribution of public school principals, by highest degree earned and state: 2011–12


State Bachelor's degree or less   Master's degree   Education specialist or professional diploma1   Doctorate or first professional degree  
United States 2.2   61.7   26.2   9.9  
                 
Alabama   48.6   43.4   7.2 !
Alaska   69.8   25.6 ! 3.4 !
Arizona 8.7 ! 65.3   14.7   11.4  
Arkansas #   58.6   31.2   10.2 !
California 6.2   71.1   10.5   12.2  
                 
Colorado   64.5   23.9   8.7 !
Connecticut   9.1 ! 74.6   14.2  
Delaware #   66.8   15.8 ! 17.4  
District of Columbia        
Florida 2.3 ! 71.8   12.3   13.6  
                 
Georgia   16.3   61.3   22.3  
Hawaii   58.9 ! #    
Idaho   70.9   23.0   3.4 !
Illinois #   64.8   23.7   11.5  
Indiana #   64.7   30.3   5.0 !
                 
Iowa #   72.7   23.0    
Kansas #   79.5   15.5   5.0 !
Kentucky   27.7   67.2    
Louisiana #   62.1   31.8   6.1 !
Maine 4.8   67.9   24.0   3.3 !
                 
Maryland        
Massachusetts   56.8   24.2   15.7  
Michigan 4.7 ! 60.5   28.7   6.2  
Minnesota 4.0 ! 13.3   73.9   8.8  
Mississippi   47.5   36.1   15.9  
                 
Missouri #   33.3   50.3   16.5  
Montana   75.3   12.2    
Nebraska #   74.1   21.7   4.3 !
Nevada #   72.8   18.9   8.3  
New Hampshire #   62.7   34.7   2.5  
                 
New Jersey #   75.1   9.5   15.4  
New Mexico   79.1      
New York #   34.2   51.4   14.4  
North Carolina   69.0   20.5   9.2  
North Dakota 10.0 ! 78.0   9.8   2.2 !
                 
Ohio 1.7 ! 73.9   18.0   6.4 !
Oklahoma   87.7   9.2 !  
Oregon #   66.8   29.8   3.4 !
Pennsylvania   55.2   30.2   13.8 !
Rhode Island   60.6   23.7   12.9 !
                 
South Carolina   46.8   35.1   16.9  
South Dakota   47.6   44.4   6.5 !
Tennessee #   48.9   41.5   9.6  
Texas 3.4 ! 80.9   9.5   6.2  
Utah   58.3   30.8   10.7 !
                 
Vermont #   72.6   20.8   6.6 !
Virginia #   61.5   23.8   14.7  
Washington #   63.2   31.8   5.0 !
West Virginia #   85.0   13.7   1.2  
Wisconsin   70.3   20.3   9.2  
Wyoming #   79.6   13.9   6.4 !
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 At least 1 year beyond the master's level.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Data File," 2011–12.


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