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Table 2. Number and percentage of all schools that had any students with an Individual Education Plan (IEP) because of special needs or formally identified disability, or who were English-language learners (ELLs) or limited-English proficient (LEP), and percentage of students with an IEP/formally identified disability or who were ELLs/LEP, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2011–12


  IEP because of special needs/formally identified disability1   ELLs/LEP  
School type and selected school characteristic Number of schools with at least 1 IEP student   Percent of all schools with at least 1 IEP student   Percent of K–12 students with an IEP   Number of schools with at least 1 ELL/LEP student   Percent of all schools with at least 1 ELL/LEP student   Percent of K–12 students who were ELLs/LEP  
All schools 105,070 90.4 11.3 70,780 60.9 8.6  
                         
All public schools 88,240 98.0 11.6 66,530 73.9 9.2  
                         
School classification                         
Traditional public  83,840 98.0 11.7 63,580 74.3 9.1
Charter school  4,390 98.0 9.9 2,940 65.6 9.8  
                         
Community type                         
City  23,300 98.9 11.6 19,610 83.2 15.1
Suburban  23,690 97.6 11.6 20,410 84.1 8.6
Town  12,040 98.3 12.5 8,770 71.6 6.5
Rural  29,200 97.5 11.5 17,740 59.2 4.8
                         
School level                         
Primary 49,560 98.5 10.7 40,000 79.5 13.0
Middle 13,820 98.8 12.1 10,980 78.5 6.6
High 17,770 96.8 12.2 12,230 66.6 5.4
Combined  7,090 96.4 14.5 3,310 45.0 5.6
                         
Student enrollment                         
Less than 100  5,970 87.8 26.6 1,760 25.8 3.4
100-199  6,310 96.5 16.6 2,820 43.1 5.5  
200-499  36,730 99.1 11.9 26,990 72.8 8.3
500-749  21,430 98.8 11.2 18,660 86.1 10.6
750-999  8,760 98.9 11.3 8,010 90.4 10.9
1,000 or more  9,040 99.5 11.3 8,290 91.3 8.2
                         
Percent of K-12 students who
were approved for free or
reduced-price lunches
                       
0-34  26,440 98.0 11.1 20,380 75.5 4.4
35-49  14,350 98.1 11.6 10,550 72.1 5.4
50-74  22,770 98.9 12.1 17,600 76.5 8.7
75 or more  21,710 98.4 11.8 16,720 75.8 20.9
School did not participate
in free or reduced-price
lunch program
2,960   89.6   12.9   1,280   38.6   2.9  
                         
All private schools 16,830 64.2 7.1 4,260 16.2 2.6 !
                         
School classification                         
Catholic 5,410 80.0 5.0 1,090 16.2 1.1
Other religious 6,960 53.4 4.3 2,280 17.5
Nonsectarian 4,470 69.5 15.8 890 13.8 1.4 !
                         
Community type                         
City  5,850 69.4 7.1 1,670 19.8
Suburban  5,800 71.1 7.6 1,340 16.4 1.4  
Town  1,810 67.9 6.0 240 ! 9.1 !
Rural  3,380 48.4 6.6 1,000 14.4 1.9  
                         
School level                         
Elementary 9,020 60.1 4.7 2,220 14.8 1.7
Secondary 2,320 82.3 7.5 540 19.2 1.1
Combined  5,490 65.3 10.1 1,490 17.8
                         
Student enrollment                         
Less than 100  7,200 53.8 16.1 1,700 12.7 2.0
100-199  3,500 69.9 7.2 820 16.4 1.5
200-499  4,800 77.9 6.4 1,490 24.1 2.2
500-749  820 78.7 4.3 170 16.4
750 or more            
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Public schools were asked about students with IEPs because of special needs, and private schools were asked about students with formally identified disabilities who may or may not have IEPs. "Special needs" was not defined for respondents. In some public schools, gifted students have IEPs and may be reported here.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School and Private School Data Files," 2011–12.


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