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Table 1. Total number of schools and students, and percentage of schools and students that participated in the Title I and federal free or reduced-price lunch programs, by school type and selected school characteristics: 2011–12


          Title I services1   Federal free or reduced-price lunch program  
School type and selected school characteristic Total number of schools   Total number of students   Percent of all schools that received services   Percent of all K–12 students that received services2   Percent of all schools that participated   Percent of all K–12 students who were approved for free or reduced-price lunches3  
All schools 116,240 53,988,330 49.1 34.6 79.7 44.2  
                         
All public schools 90,010 49,508,800 57.4 37.4 96.3 47.5  
                         
School classification                         
Traditional public  85,530 47,685,650 56.9 36.9 97.0 47.3
Charter school  4,480 1,823,150 66.3 48.8 82.8 51.5  
                         
Community type                         
City  23,560 14,152,560 62.0 49.5 96.7 60.6
Suburban  24,260 16,215,460 49.2 29.1 97.1 37.5
Town  12,250 5,707,540 60.8 41.5 96.4 49.9
Rural  29,940 13,433,240 59.0 32.8 95.4 44.6
                         
School level                         
Primary 50,310 23,224,490 70.4 50.8 98.5 53.3
Middle 13,990 8,674,240 44.1 30.9 98.8 46.4
High 18,360 14,995,050 31.0 20.1 93.1 38.9
Combined  7,350 2,615,020 59.4 38.7 85.2 47.9
                         
Student enrollment                         
Less than 100  6,800 357,010 40.6 31.7 78.0 51.6
100-199  6,540 975,490 66.2 43.5 93.2 49.3  
200-499  37,060 13,254,050 66.3 45.4 98.0 52.2
500-749  21,680 13,133,550 57.4 42.6 98.8 48.2
750-999  8,860 7,538,340 48.2 36.6 98.5 48.7
1,000 or more  9,080 14,250,360 35.9 25.2 97.4 41.5
                         
Percent of K-12 students who
were approved for free or
reduced-price lunches
                       
0-34  26,990 16,948,940 35.3 12.6 100.0 16.6
35-49  14,640 8,313,070 52.0 23.3 100.0 42.5
50-74  23,020 12,469,470 67.7 50.0 100.0 61.2
75 or more  22,070 10,623,060 81.6 75.6 100.0 89.6
School did not participate
in free or reduced-price
lunch program
3,300 1,154,260 27.2 14.4 !  
                         
All private schools 26,230 4,479,530 20.8 3.7 22.7 8.2  
                         
School classification                         
Catholic 6,760 1,892,480 47.8 5.1 50.0 9.1
Other religious 13,040 1,604,900 13.0 2.8 13.3 8.8 !
Nonsectarian 6,430 982,140 8.0 2.5 12.9 5.6
                         
Community type                         
City  8,430 1,918,870 30.3 5.0 29.6 13.6
Suburban  8,150 1,550,370 15.6 2.7 18.7 3.4  
Town  2,660 297,920 36.4 5.5 41.3 11.4
Rural  6,980 712,370 9.2 1.7 11.8 3.1  
                         
School level                         
Elementary 15,000 2,133,810 28.1 5.6 27.9 9.5
Secondary 2,820 731,620 14.7 ! 1.8 ! 27.2 7.0
Combined  8,400 1,614,100 9.6 2.2 11.9 7.1 !
                         
Student enrollment                         
Less than 100  13,370 547,460 13.2 7.8 14.9 9.2
100-199  5,010 725,540 34.0 6.3 36.8 13.3
200-499  6,170 1,888,670 29.4 3.7 29.5 7.6
500-749  1,040 634,790 12.2 20.4 4.6 !
750 or more
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Respondents were provided the following explanation on the questionnaire for Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act: "Title I is a federally funded program that provides educational services, such as remedial reading or remedial math, to children who live in areas with high concentrations of low-income families." These services were received at the school or at any other location.
2 Percentages are based on all students, including those in schools that did not receive Title I services.
3 Percentages are based on all students, including those in schools that did not participate in the federal free or reduced-price lunch program.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School and Private School Data Files," 2011–12.


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