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Table 12. Percentage of public school district principals who were newly hired, average number of days in the normal contract year for principals, percentage of districts that had a tenure system for principals, percentage of districts that used any incentives for recruiting principals, and percentage of districts that had a training program for aspiring school administrators, by state: 2011–12


State Percent of principals who were newly hired1   Average number of days in the normal contract year for principals2   Percent of districts that had a tenure system for principals   Percent of districts that used any incentives for recruiting principals   Percent of districts that had a training program for aspiring school administrators  
United States 8.6   230   21.1   2.2   21.3  
                     
Alabama 6.4   250   8.7   5.5   31.4  
Alaska 20.9   220   16.2   6.1   41.8  
Arizona 11.4   230     7.0 ! 29.4  
Arkansas 10.2   240   12.2     14.6  
California 8.3   210   13.1   0.3 ! 27.6  
                     
Colorado 15.6   200   14.1   8.5   21.3  
Connecticut 8.5   250   52.3   1.7   20.6  
Delaware 5.3   260   4.1 ! #   37.7  
District of Columbia 9.0   220   #   1.9   1.9  
Florida 4.8   250   1.4 ! 2.8   79.4  
                     
Georgia 5.9   220   4.0   1.3   37.9  
Hawaii          
Idaho 8.9   210   7.6   #   14.7  
Illinois 10.1   230   16.1   0.4   16.8  
Indiana 7.1   220   9.3   #   21.8  
                     
Iowa 9.1   230   3.9 ! 3.0 ! 10.6  
Kansas 7.0   220   #   2.0 ! 16.7  
Kentucky 8.6   240   54.8   3.3   25.6  
Louisiana 6.8   240   31.8 !   48.5  
Maine 8.3   230   9.6   6.0 ! 16.8  
                     
Maryland 7.2   250   38.5 ! #   87.9 !
Massachusetts 12.6   240   3.5     22.9  
Michigan 11.3   230   4.7 !   26.6  
Minnesota 8.0   230   53.4   0.9   8.5  
Mississippi 11.3   230   1.3 ! 0.8   18.1  
                     
Missouri 9.8   220   4.7     26.6  
Montana 6.7 ! 210   50.3     8.7 !
Nebraska 9.5   220   68.8   #   9.5  
Nevada 7.1   220   45.7 ! #   30.2 !
New Hampshire 6.0   240   24.7 ! #    
                     
New Jersey 5.7   230   90.4   #   19.0  
New Mexico 12.8   210   10.0   1.3   39.6  
New York 6.2   240   90.6     14.8  
North Carolina 8.9   270   1.3   9.0   25.0  
North Dakota 4.9   200   11.5   4.4 ! 9.5  
                     
Ohio 8.2   230   3.0     30.0  
Oklahoma 16.0   220       18.0 !
Oregon 10.3   220   20.2   2.4   25.1  
Pennsylvania 5.1   240   31.0     20.1  
Rhode Island 10.6   230   #   #   24.8  
                     
South Carolina 8.9   240   3.9   7.5 ! 44.2  
South Dakota 9.9   210   2.4   3.3 ! 11.9 !
Tennessee 7.2   230   35.3   0.8   30.2  
Texas 7.4   220   1.2 ! 0.8 ! 17.5  
Utah 6.4   220   21.6     40.0  
                     
Vermont 16.9   240     #    
Virginia 7.3   270   41.0   #   20.9  
Washington 6.8   220   27.6   0.3   32.2  
West Virginia 8.3   230   39.8   1.6   24.2  
Wisconsin 11.7   240   0.6     9.3  
Wyoming 10.6   210   2.4   11.2   29.8  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Districts with only one school, including single traditional public schools and public charter schools that operate independently of a regular school district, were not included in this column. Estimates in this column are based on 66 percent of all districts.
2 Includes professional development, student contact days, and other days covered in a typical principal's contract.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2011–12.


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