Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table 11. Percentage distribution of public school districts, by type of agreement with principals' associations or unions and state: 2011–12


  Percent distribution of districts by type of agreement with a principals' association or union  
State Meet-and-confer1   Collective bargaining2   Other type of agreement3   No agreement  
United States 7.7   10.8   2.9   78.6  
                 
Alabama 13.9   0.5 ! 4.4   81.2  
Alaska 8.2   22.2   #   69.6  
Arizona 2.5   #   0.5 ! 97.0  
Arkansas 2.4   #   1.6 ! 96.0  
California 9.1   3.1   0.7   87.1  
                 
Colorado 5.6   0.7   2.5   91.2  
Connecticut 3.3   56.2   #   40.5  
Delaware 2.9   4.1 ! #   93.0  
District of Columbia #     #   86.9  
Florida 9.6 ! 12.8 ! #   77.6  
                 
Georgia 0.6   #   #   99.4  
Hawaii        
Idaho 3.4   #   #   96.6  
Illinois 2.0 ! 0.7 ! 1.6 ! 95.6  
Indiana 2.7   5.1   1.9   90.2  
                 
Iowa 5.9 !     89.2  
Kansas 3.5   #   #   96.5  
Kentucky 4.3   0.6   #   95.1  
Louisiana   #   #   96.3  
Maine 15.4   12.6   1.7 ! 70.3  
                 
Maryland 36.5 ! 51.4 ! #    
Massachusetts 5.0 ! 7.2 ! 6.4 ! 81.5  
Michigan 5.9   15.5   3.4   75.2  
Minnesota 11.9   32.8   5.5   49.9  
Mississippi 0.8 ! #   #   99.2  
                 
Missouri 5.0   2.2 ! 0.4   92.4  
Montana 10.5 ! 11.8 ! #   77.7  
Nebraska 9.6   7.0 ! 1.0   82.5  
Nevada   35.4 ! #    
New Hampshire 8.6 ! 10.7     79.5  
                 
New Jersey 9.2   51.0   2.9 ! 36.9  
New Mexico 2.4   5.8   #   91.8  
New York 5.7   68.1     25.3  
North Carolina 4.0     #   95.0  
North Dakota 10.7   15.8   2.6   70.9  
                 
Ohio 1.7 ! 3.8 ! 3.4 ! 91.1  
Oklahoma 1.4 ! 0.2   #   98.4  
Oregon 20.1   6.2   15.2   58.5  
Pennsylvania 48.7   5.9 ! 16.6   28.8  
Rhode Island 9.4   #   11.0   79.6  
                 
South Carolina 1.1   0.8   #   98.1  
South Dakota 13.4   7.7 ! 7.5 ! 71.4  
Tennessee 3.7   2.7 ! #   93.5  
Texas 0.3   #     98.7  
Utah 9.4   7.6   1.0   82.1  
                 
Vermont 11.1 !   10.3   75.7  
Virginia 5.0 ! #   1.1   93.9  
Washington 16.9   25.8   5.6   51.7  
West Virginia 3.2   #   1.6   95.2  
Wisconsin 8.8   #   7.4   83.8  
Wyoming 8.0   #   5.1   86.9  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Meet-and-confer discussions are for the purpose of reaching nonlegally binding agreements.
2 Collective bargaining agreements are legally binding agreements.
3 This category includes other agreements that do not meet the precise legal definitions of collective bargaining or meet-and-confer agreements.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because some data are not shown.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2011–12.


Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.