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Table 7. Percentage distribution of public school districts, by type of agreement with teachers' associations or unions and state: 2011–12


  Type of agreement with a teachers' association or union  
State Meet-and-confer1   Collective bargaining2   Other type of agreement3   No agreement  
United States 8.4   50.2   1.4   40.0  
                 
Alabama 26.8   0.5 ! 4.8   67.9  
Alaska 20.3 ! 70.3   #   9.3  
Arizona 11.5   #     88.0  
Arkansas 2.0   1.1   2.0 ! 94.9  
California 10.2 ! 71.1     18.4  
                 
Colorado 7.7   24.2   2.1 ! 66.0  
Connecticut 3.3   89.0   #   7.7 !
Delaware 2.9   40.2   4.2 ! 52.7  
District of Columbia   1.9   #   86.9  
Florida   88.5   1.4 ! 1.4 !
                 
Georgia 0.6   #   #   99.4  
Hawaii        
Idaho 30.8   41.3   #   27.9  
Illinois 8.3   85.2   #   6.5  
Indiana 13.5   71.3   #   15.2  
                 
Iowa #   88.3      
Kansas 15.9   75.0   5.8   3.3 !
Kentucky 6.3   4.0   2.1   87.6  
Louisiana   3.4 ! #   92.8  
Maine 13.1   72.1   #   14.8  
                 
Maryland 12.8 ! 80.5 ! #    
Massachusetts 7.8 ! 75.5     15.7 !
Michigan 4.7   58.5     34.9  
Minnesota 27.5   47.5   0.3   24.7  
Mississippi 0.8 ! #   #   99.2  
                 
Missouri 28.3   6.0     61.0  
Montana   70.7     19.6 !
Nebraska 11.0   86.4   #    
Nevada   87.0   #    
New Hampshire   82.2   #    
                 
New Jersey 5.6   78.7   0.2   15.6  
New Mexico 2.7   35.3   #   62.0  
New York 6.3   77.8   #   16.0  
North Carolina 5.3     #   93.8  
North Dakota 12.4   61.1   10.5   16.0  
                 
Ohio   71.5     23.9  
Oklahoma 10.1 ! 18.3     69.1  
Oregon 6.4   85.3   1.4 ! 6.8  
Pennsylvania 5.6 ! 73.3   #   21.2  
Rhode Island 4.1 ! 55.5   3.0   37.4  
                 
South Carolina 1.1   0.8   #   98.1  
South Dakota 21.3   64.6   9.9 !  
Tennessee 17.7   34.3   6.6   41.4  
Texas 0.8   0.1     98.1  
Utah 14.3   18.2   1.0   66.4  
                 
Vermont 0.6   97.0   #    
Virginia 11.9   #   1.3   86.8  
Washington 3.4   94.3   #   2.3 !
West Virginia 4.9   #   1.6   93.5  
Wisconsin 3.6   58.2   5.6   32.5  
Wyoming 25.0   8.4   7.8   58.8  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent (i.e., the standard error is at least 30 percent and less than 50 percent of the estimate).
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater (i.e., the standard error is 50 percent or more of the estimate) or the response rate is below 50 percent.
1 Meet-and-confer discussions are for the purpose of reaching nonlegally binding agreements.
2 Collective bargaining agreements are legally binding agreements.
3 This category includes other agreements that do not meet the precise legal definitions of collective bargaining or meet-and-confer agreements.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2011–12.


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