Table 7. Average total years of experience as a school principal, average years at current school as a principal, and percentage distribution of principals, by years of experience as a principal at current school and state: 2007–08

State Average total years of experience Average years at current school Years of experience as a principal at current school  
    Less than 2 years   2 years   3 years   4-9 years   10 years or more  
United States 7.5   4.2   34.1   13.4   10.8   29.9   11.9  
                             
Alabama 6.1   3.8   34.9   15.1   11.3 ! 29.5   9.2 !
Alaska 6.1   2.6   49.9   13.5 !   23.3   3.8 !
Arizona 6.7   3.9   35.2   18.0   9.5 ! 29.3   8.2 !
Arkansas 9.2   5.6   25.3   13.9   9.4 ! 33.3   18.1  
California 6.8   3.5   40.2   13.9   11.9   24.7   9.3  
                             
Colorado 5.8   3.4   39.9   15.6   17.0   20.7    
Connecticut 7.2   4.5   29.9   18.1   8.2 ! 31.0   12.9  
Delaware 5.8   3.7   39.9   15.4 !   26.5   7.5 !
District of Columbia 7.7   3.6   32.4   11.7   16.1 ! 35.4   4.5 !
Florida 6.8   4.0   31.8   11.9 ! 13.9   31.7   10.6  
                             
Georgia 6.1   3.5   35.5   9.5 ! 15.1   36.2    
Hawaii 7.6   4.8   27.9   6.9 !   43.3   13.8  
Idaho 8.4   3.6   38.8     15.4   22.9   7.7 !
Illinois 7.4   4.6   28.3   16.8   16.6   24.4   13.9  
Indiana 9.4   6.1   22.3   10.3 ! 12.5 ! 31.7   23.1  
                             
Iowa 8.8   4.5   29.0   11.2 ! 9.7 ! 39.9   10.2 !
Kansas 8.7   4.7   31.6   22.5 !   20.8 ! 18.9 !
Kentucky 6.5   4.6   24.5   12.5 ! 13.6   36.4   13.0 !
Louisiana 6.4   4.0   34.5   13.9 ! 10.8 ! 31.4   9.3 !
Maine 9.5   5.9   26.6   14.7 ! 11.8   27.9   18.9 !
                             
Maryland 7.5   4.1   39.6   13.0 ! 7.6 ! 24.1   15.7 !
Massachusetts 6.8   3.9   32.6   17.7   12.6 ! 29.4   7.6 !
Michigan 7.3   4.1   35.3   12.3   4.6 ! 36.8   11.0 !
Minnesota 9.0   4.9   36.7   8.1 ! 7.0   32.4   15.8  
Mississippi 6.2   3.7   40.1   11.5 ! 10.2 ! 29.6   8.6 !
                             
Missouri 7.3   4.5   30.3   10.4 ! 9.4 ! 37.5   12.4  
Montana 9.7   5.2   33.1   7.9 ! 11.9 ! 30.8   16.3  
Nebraska 10.1   5.2   23.8   17.0   7.9 ! 33.4   17.8  
Nevada 6.3   2.7   40.6   16.9   17.3   21.1    
New Hampshire 10.0   6.4   22.0 ! 9.2 ! 4.9   32.2   31.7  
                             
New Jersey 7.1   3.9   39.9   10.7 !   28.2   9.9 !
New Mexico 7.0   3.0   41.3   20.4 ! 8.4 ! 20.9   9.1 !
New York 7.0   4.8   22.1   16.5 ! 6.0 ! 41.3   14.0 !
North Carolina 5.4   2.7   45.8   16.0 !   29.9    
North Dakota 10.1   5.4   30.1   10.8   16.3   21.0   21.8  
                             
Ohio 9.1   4.5   27.1   10.5 ! 15.1   34.6   12.7 !
Oklahoma 9.0   5.5   32.1   10.7   8.5   29.6   19.1  
Oregon 6.6   3.4   28.9   16.5 ! 20.0   30.0    
Pennsylvania 7.8   4.4   30.4   11.9   11.8 ! 34.9   11.0 !
Rhode Island 8.3   4.6   29.5   15.4   14.0 ! 27.4   13.6 !
                             
South Carolina 8.1   4.5   34.7   14.6   11.8   24.0   14.9  
South Dakota 10.3   5.6   25.3   10.0   11.9   34.2   18.7  
Tennessee 7.7   5.7   25.6   13.5 ! 11.3 ! 26.7   22.9  
Texas 7.2   3.8   47.3   10.2 ! 7.4 ! 24.0   11.1 !
Utah 8.0   3.8   35.8   13.2 ! 15.6   28.2   7.3  
                             
Vermont 9.2   4.0   38.0       32.1    
Virginia 5.7   3.2   40.0   14.7   9.6   31.3   4.4 !
Washington 8.9   4.2   32.0   15.7   9.1   33.6   9.6 !
West Virginia 9.3   5.4   33.8   10.1 ! 14.2   23.5   18.4  
Wisconsin 10.2   6.0   18.4   15.0 ! 11.6 ! 30.3   24.7  
Wyoming 9.4   4.9   33.9   7.3 ! 10.6   30.1   18.0  
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 30 percent or more of the estimate's value.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Principal Data File," 2007–08.