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Table 11.    Among districts with more than one school, percentage distribution of public school districts, by specific agreements with principals' associations or unions and state: 2007–08

Percentage distribution of districts that had a specific agreement with a principals' association or union
State Collective bargaining1   Meet-and-confer2   No specific agreement3  
United States  15.5   10.4   74.1  
             
Alabama  #   19.7   80.3  
Alaska  28.5   8.8   62.7  
Arizona  0.8   13.6   85.6  
Arkansas  #   5.6   94.4  
California  8.0 ! 14.0   77.9  
             
Colorado  7.5 ! 10.0   82.5  
Connecticut  81.7   3.6 ! 14.7 !
Delaware  #   17.3   82.7  
District of Columbia  100.0   #   #  
Florida  2.8   15.5   81.7  
             
Georgia  #   #   100.0  
Hawaii  100.0   #   #  
Idaho  7.0   3.7 ! 89.3  
Illinois  1.1 ! 0.8   98.0  
Indiana  2.7 ! 3.7   93.6  
             
Iowa  0.6 ! 6.0   93.4  
Kansas  1.0 ! 3.0 ! 96.0  
Kentucky  0.7   1.5   97.8  
Louisiana  #   7.0   93.0  
Maine  30.5   16.1   53.4  
             
Maryland  72.7   17.8   9.5  
Massachusetts  3.7 ! 11.4   85.0  
Michigan  22.2   12.5   65.3  
Minnesota  58.2   12.5   29.3  
Mississippi  #   #   100.0  
             
Missouri  #   3.2   96.8  
Montana  13.2   8.5   78.3  
Nebraska  5.3   8.5   86.1  
Nevada  49.3   6.3 ! 44.3  
New Hampshire  16.4   11.8   71.8  
             
New Jersey  78.1   13.1   8.7 !
New Mexico  2.8 ! 1.4   95.9  
New York  82.8   7.5 ! 9.7 !
North Carolina  0.6 ! 3.1 ! 96.2  
North Dakota  9.9   14.8   75.4  
             
Ohio  3.0 ! 4.4 ! 92.6  
Oklahoma  2.3   2.7   95.0  
Oregon  4.7   28.0   67.3  
Pennsylvania  9.5   69.7   20.8  
Rhode Island  13.4   14.5   72.1  
             
South Carolina  #   #   100.0  
South Dakota  10.2   4.2   85.6  
Tennessee  24.3   1.1 ! 74.6  
Texas  #   0.5   99.5  
Utah  11.2   29.7   59.1  
             
Vermont  18.5   8.0   73.5  
Virginia  #   3.5   96.5  
Washington  42.9   24.4   32.7  
West Virginia  #   11.3   88.7  
Wisconsin  6.5   5.3   88.2  
Wyoming  2.1   8.5   89.4  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 30 percent or more of the estimate's value.
1 Collective bargaining agreements are legally-binding agreements.
2 Meet-and-confer discussions are for the purpose of reaching non-legally-binding agreements.
3 This category includes both no agreements and other agreements that do not meet the precise legal definitions of collective bargaining and meet-and-confer agreements.
NOTE: Districts with only one school, including single traditional public schools and public charter schools that operate independently of a regular school district, were not asked about principal salary schedules, specific agreements with principal unions, principal hiring, number of contract days for principals, principal tenure, or training programs for aspiring school administrators. Estimates in this table are based on 68 percent of all districts. The 2007–08 SASS sampled all districts in Florida, Hawaii, and Maryland. As a result of sampling,variance estimates for these states are always equal to zero and noted with a dagger (†). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2007–08.


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