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Table 5.    Percentage of public school districts that used pay incentives for various reasons, by state: 2007–08

State To reward teachers who have
attained National Board for
Professional Teaching
Standards certification
  To reward excellence in teaching   To recruit or retain teachers to teach in a less desirable location   To recruit or retain teachers to teach in fields of shortage  
United States  24.5   10.2   5.7   15.4  
                 
Alabama  62.9   5.9   12.7   29.3  
Alaska  24.8   2.1   10.5   16.3  
Arizona  20.8   46.5   17.7   26.3  
Arkansas  46.3   5.3 ! 5.0 ! 13.5  
California  32.8   4.2 ! 3.5   13.3  
                 
Colorado  19.5   4.7   11.5 ! 23.8  
Connecticut  19.9   2.2 ! 1.0   16.3  
Delaware  70.7   26.9   #   9.4  
District of Columbia  2.4   76.0   49.0 ! 64.0  
Florida  66.2   49.0   39.2   51.5  
                 
Georgia  61.7   3.9 ! 7.9 ! 18.3  
Hawaii  100.0   #   100.0   100.0  
Idaho  37.7   2.3 ! 8.5   21.5  
Illinois  19.9   1.9 ! 0.4 ! 5.1 !
Indiana  10.8   4.9 ! 0.6   4.1 !
                 
Iowa  14.0   3.2 ! 11.9   40.6  
Kansas  31.1   3.9 ! 6.5 ! 17.7  
Kentucky  64.2   1.4 ! 2.8 ! 16.7  
Louisiana  70.2   12.6   27.9   31.0  
Maine  19.0   2.1   1.3 ! 2.8  
                 
Maryland  96.0   12.8   21.6   52.6  
Massachusetts  10.2   8.6   0.8 ! 11.1  
Michigan  7.4 ! 19.7   8.3 ! 3.4  
Minnesota  12.8   16.6   1.3   4.8  
Mississippi  73.3   2.6   5.5   10.9  
                 
Missouri  9.8   4.1   0.4   3.5  
Montana  12.6   6.3   5.9 ! 8.2  
Nebraska  6.4   0.9   1.1 ! 10.5  
Nevada  74.7   19.0   31.2   49.3  
New Hampshire  1.1 ! 1.9   1.6 ! 18.4  
                 
New Jersey  8.2   3.5 ! 0.4 ! 9.9 !
New Mexico  51.8   7.1   13.6   32.8  
New York  28.8   2.6 ! 1.9 ! 8.7  
North Carolina  73.0   32.3   20.8   39.4  
North Dakota  6.7   1.6 ! 2.9 ! 16.7  
                 
Ohio  18.2   14.5   1.4 ! 7.6  
Oklahoma  40.4   10.1   3.9 ! 7.9  
Oregon  20.1   1.1   1.0   13.7  
Pennsylvania  10.7   6.2 ! 3.1 ! 7.2  
Rhode Island  51.7   #   #   2.2  
                 
South Carolina  75.3   16.9   23.5   41.8  
South Dakota  30.5   8.7   12.3   22.6  
Tennessee  22.7   1.9   5.1 ! 5.6 !
Texas  9.3   21.3   11.2   37.1  
Utah  40.1   34.6   12.8   58.4  
                 
Vermont  23.6   4.6 ! #   7.1  
Virginia  49.4   13.7   6.3   43.3  
Washington  53.6   0.3   1.9 ! 7.0  
West Virginia  82.1   1.6   6.6   11.5  
Wisconsin  16.9   4.3   3.0 ! 13.1  
Wyoming  71.6   11.8   9.4   27.7  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The standard error for this estimate is equal to 30 percent or more of the estimate's value.
NOTE: The 2007–08 SASS sampled all districts in Florida, Hawaii, and Maryland. As a result of sampling, variance estimates for these states are always equal to zero and noted with a dagger (†).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School District Data File," 2007–08.


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