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Table 87. Average salaries for full-time teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 2011-12

Selected characteristic Number of full-time teachers (in thousands) Total
school-year and summer earned income
Base salary School year supplemental contract1  School year income from merit pay bonus School year income from state supplements Job outside the school system during the school year Supplemental school system contract during summer2  Employed in a non-school job during the summer
Percent of teachers Average supplement Percent of teachers Average amount Percent of teachers Average amount Percent of teachers Average income Percent of teachers Average supplement Percent of teachers Average income
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Public schools                                                                                          
Total 3,139.2   (38.34) $56,410   (251) $53,070   (213) 41.8   (.53) $2,530   (74) 4.4   (.23) $1,400   (85) 7.9   (.31) $2,070   (96) 16.1   (.39) $4,820   (172) 17.8   (.41) $2,510   (69) 15.0   (.41) $4,820   (172)
Sex                                                                                          
Males 754.6   (20.70) 60,360   (464) 54,430   (385) 56.6   (.92) 3,920   (134) 3.9   (.35) 1,450   (101) 8.0   (.54) 2,440   (189) 23.3   (.76) 6,060   (309) 21.4   (.90) 2,880   (86) 23.2   (.75) 6,060   (309)
Females 2,384.6   (28.89) 55,160   (267) 52,640   (237) 37.1   (.58) 1,860   (61) 4.6   (.29) 1,390   (101) 7.9   (.34) 1,950   (105) 13.9   (.50) 4,150   (208) 16.6   (.49) 2,360   (87) 12.4   (.48) 4,150   (208)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                                                          
White 2,556.2   (28.29) 56,400   (265) 53,020   (225) 42.8   (.57) 2,560   (75) 4.1   (.24) 1,390   (101) 7.9   (.30) 2,130   (100) 17.0   (.44) 4,740   (183) 16.7   (.43) 2,410   (67) 16.1   (.48) 4,740   (183)
Black 221.0   (10.15) 55,790   (985) 52,370   (901) 36.2   (2.58) 2,690   (371) 5.4   (1.28) 1,470   (263) 9.6   (1.52) 1,970   (339) 15.5   (2.23) 4,740   (775) 26.2   (2.58) 2,920   (274) 9.5   (1.40) 4,740   (775)
Hispanic 252.2   (12.62) 56,240   (891) 53,620   (872) 39.3   (2.29) 2,150   (219) 7.2   (1.29) 1,280   (202) 7.4   (1.23) 1,570   (367) 9.5   (1.13) 4,600   (456) 20.7   (1.85) 2,710   (233) 9.4   (1.19) 4,600   (456)
Asian 57.5   (7.30) 62,480   (2,702) 58,850   (2,253) 28.4   (5.19) 2,110   (477) 3.3 ! (1.42) 2,320 ! (725)   (†)   (†) 7.9   (1.89) 7,000   (1,520) 19.7   (3.75) 3,080   (743) 7.0   (1.68) 7,000   (1,520)
Pacific Islander 4.4   (1.24) 57,280   (3,301) 52,920   (2,692)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
15.4   (2.79) 53,000   (3,354) 46,630   (2,005) 43.9   (7.72) 2,360   (414)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 22.4   (5.49)   (†) 19.2   (3.74) 2,640   (639) 21.5   (6.15)   (†)
Two or more races 31.2   (3.64) 53,750   (1,306) 50,230   (1,195) 45.9   (6.50) 2,230   (293)   (†)   (†) 9.0 (3.13) 2,020   (537) 16.0   (3.39) 5,690 ! (1,977) 14.5   (2.76) 2,610   (268) 16.1   (3.24) 5,690 ! (1,977)
                                                                                           
Age                                                                                          
Less than 30 487.4   (15.04) 45,160   (393) 41,720   (405) 49.0   (1.53) 2,340   (86) 5.2   (.61) 1,150   (134) 8.3   (.76) 1,560   (143) 18.7   (1.05) 3,360   (239) 21.5   (1.10) 2,430   (150) 24.5   (1.16) 3,360   (239)
30 to 39 921.9   (19.46) 53,120   (392) 50,020   (350) 43.8   (.96) 2,810   (182) 4.3   (.41) 1,240   (113) 7.6   (.63) 1,870   (148) 15.7   (.73) 4,380   (340) 18.4   (.90) 2,420   (83) 14.8   (.86) 4,380   (340)
40 to 49 783.7   (18.62) 58,660   (394) 55,420   (368) 41.9   (1.12) 2,490   (81) 4.2   (.45) 1,410   (135) 7.7   (.58) 2,210   (183) 16.8   (.79) 5,070   (339) 17.4   (.77) 2,490   (108) 14.6   (.70) 5,070   (339)
50 or more 946.2   (25.68) 63,550   (410) 59,940   (351) 36.1   (1.06) 2,370   (100) 4.2   (.43) 1,710   (206) 8.3   (.56) 2,390   (181) 14.6   (.72) 6,000   (413) 15.6   (.80) 2,680   (140) 10.6   (.62) 6,000   (413)
                                                                                           
Years of full-time teaching
   experience
                                                                                         
1 year or less 144.2   (7.55) 44,610   (519) 40,540   (512) 37.6   (2.48) 2,140   (137) 5.6   (1.29) 1,120   (271) 6.4   (1.10) 2,070   (420) 16.9   (1.67) 4,380   (668) 18.7   (2.01) 2,980   (390) 31.2   (1.90) 4,380   (668)
2 to 4 years 395.9   (12.54) 44,490   (305) 41,480   (244) 44.1   (1.42) 2,100   (85) 4.5   (.52) 1,280   (127) 7.7   (.76) 1,800   (179) 17.3   (1.02) 3,970   (275) 20.2   (.86) 2,260   (116) 20.6   (.89) 3,970   (275)
5 to 9 years 784.6   (18.32) 50,370   (360) 47,300   (312) 43.3   (1.10) 2,520   (96) 5.1   (.59) 1,270   (129) 8.2   (.70) 1,640   (137) 16.6   (.94) 4,250   (321) 19.4   (.97) 2,380   (113) 14.7   (1.00) 4,250   (321)
10 to 14 years 652.1   (16.57) 58,040   (412) 54,860   (369) 42.5   (1.28) 2,740   (178) 3.6   (.38) 1,240   (135) 8.4   (.68) 2,060   (166) 15.7   (.81) 4,830   (318) 17.2   (.83) 2,670   (152) 12.2   (.76) 4,830   (318)
15 to 19 years 426.2   (14.56) 62,050   (623) 58,880   (596) 41.3   (1.51) 2,550   (179) 4.3   (.76) 1,820   (332) 7.7   (1.05) 2,300   (239) 15.4   (1.13) 5,940   (861) 17.2   (1.34) 2,430   (124) 13.0   (.84) 5,940   (861)
20 to 24 years 295.8   (10.26) 64,210   (602) 60,930   (593) 40.9   (1.51) 2,500   (146) 4.4   (.85) 1,610   (365) 7.6   (.94) 1,980   (230) 15.2   (1.07) 5,730   (612) 13.4   (1.09) 2,460   (158) 13.8   (1.29) 5,730   (612)
25 to 29 years 217.9   (11.00) 67,440   (1,044) 63,780   (838) 39.8   (2.37) 2,810   (278) 5.0   (.90) 1,500   (274) 9.0   (1.30) 2,530   (304) 15.9   (1.49) 5,000   (781) 16.8   (1.62) 2,550   (214) 12.8   (1.42) 5,000   (781)
30 or more years 222.5   (11.58) 69,790   (763) 64,820   (646) 37.0   (1.98) 2,730   (186) 3.1   (.58) 1,680   (270) 7.3   (1.14) 3,360   (558) 15.6   (1.35) 5,400   (433) 16.5   (1.57) 2,920   (376) 11.0   (1.12) 5,400   (433)
                                                                                           
Highest degree earned                                                                                          
Less than bachelor's degree 118.9   (8.32) 55,430   (960) 51,330   (794) 41.5   (2.79) 2,460   (199) 6.1   (1.29) 1,190   (353) 9.4   (2.00) 2,030   (420) 20.1   (1.76) 7,340   (1,356) 16.6   (2.16) 2,360   (200) 20.9   (2.38) 7,340   (1,356)
Bachelor's degree 1,278.2   (20.53) 49,410   (262) 46,340   (225) 42.4   (.85) 2,370   (66) 5.2   (.39) 1,350   (100) 8.6   (.56) 1,790   (99) 14.5   (.62) 4,600   (295) 16.8   (.61) 2,360   (97) 16.2   (.68) 4,600   (295)
Master's degree 1,479.3   (27.00) 61,230   (408) 57,830   (352) 41.5   (.71) 2,650   (125) 3.6   (.26) 1,500   (148) 7.1   (.38) 2,250   (178) 16.6   (.61) 4,570   (160) 18.1   (.67) 2,600   (104) 13.8   (.58) 4,570   (160)
Education specialist3  228.7   (9.17) 63,420   (727) 59,680   (642) 39.4   (1.97) 2,640   (184) 3.6   (.83) 1,450   (270) 9.0   (1.05) 2,480   (297) 17.7   (1.62) 5,330   (536) 20.4   (1.67) 2,650   (198) 12.2   (1.45) 5,330   (536)
Doctor's degree 34.2   (3.97) 66,140   (1,718) 60,230   (1,775) 49.2   (4.70) 3,110   (748)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 30.8   (3.99) 6,610   (1,139) 26.9   (3.97) 2,810   (397) 18.8   (3.00) 6,610   (1,139)
                                                                                           
Instructional level                                                                                          
Elementary 1,572.3   (22.63) 54,820   (349) 52,620   (303) 30.9   (.87) 1,530   (104) 4.2   (.37) 1,310   (157) 7.4   (.41) 1,720   (127) 12.8   (.62) 4,350   (313) 16.6   (.68) 2,270   (113) 12.6   (.67) 4,350   (313)
Secondary 1,566.9   (35.32) 58,000   (280) 53,520   (261) 52.8   (.57) 3,110   (77) 4.6   (.26) 1,480   (82) 8.5   (.41) 2,370   (109) 19.5   (.48) 5,130   (186) 19.0   (.48) 2,720   (87) 17.4   (.49) 5,130   (186)
                                                                                           
Location of school                                                                                          
City4    (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Suburban5  1,016.9   (30.46) 61,610   (476) 58,470   (427) 42.4   (1.09) 2,750   (136) 4.0   (.43) 1,450   (140) 6.6   (.53) 1,870   (148) 15.6   (.65) 4,300   (188) 17.4   (.75) 2,450   (94) 13.8   (.63) 4,300   (188)
Town6  382.9   (13.34) 51,050   (475) 47,780   (431) 43.6   (1.43) 2,580   (101) 3.0   (.55) 1,110   (194) 7.4   (.72) 1,940   (169) 16.3   (.93) 4,910   (474) 15.6   (1.21) 2,030   (127) 16.0   (.85) 4,910   (474)
Rural7  853.0   (21.06) 50,670   (275) 47,130   (237) 44.3   (1.07) 2,520   (81) 3.7   (.42) 1,390   (151) 10.0   (.71) 2,070   (138) 16.3   (.61) 5,340   (393) 15.1   (.63) 2,290   (129) 16.9   (.69) 5,340   (393)
                                                                                           
Private schools                                                                                          
Total 368.4   (10.95) $44,130   (803) $40,200   (732) 28.9   (1.30) $2,730   (168)   (†)   (†) 1.8   (.48) $1,960 ! (615) 19.6   (1.08) $5,440   (373) 20.8   (1.15) $3,370   (361) 17.1   (1.01) $5,440   (373)
Sex                                                                                          
Males 92.9   (6.50) 51,150   (1,829) 44,470   (1,264) 42.7   (2.52) 3,850   (254)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 26.9   (2.86) 6,550   (661) 29.3   (2.61) 3,600   (471) 23.3   (3.12) 6,550   (661)
Females 275.5   (9.40) 41,760   (887) 38,760   (864) 24.3   (1.54) 2,070   (201)   (†)   (†) 1.8   (.52) 2,200 ! (806) 17.1   (1.14) 4,850   (431) 17.9   (1.27) 3,240   (483) 15.0   (1.03) 4,850   (431)
                                                                                           
Race/ethnicity                                                                                          
White 326.0   (11.07) 44,390   (826) 40,450   (778) 29.1   (1.43) 2,750   (174)   (†)   (†) 1.6   (.47) 1,690   (252) 19.4   (1.21) 5,350   (378) 20.2   (1.25) 3,410   (408) 17.5   (1.06) 5,350   (378)
Black 13.0   (1.83) 41,790   (2,813) 37,080   (2,201) 23.0   (5.65) 2,360   (414)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 29.6   (4.67) 3,560 ! (1,145)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 19.8   (2.35) 42,550   (2,307) 39,530   (2,271) 27.2   (4.96) 2,180   (397)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.3   (3.28) 6,090   (1,617) 18.0   (3.33) 2,590   (464)   (†) 6,090   (1,617)
Asian 6.3   (1.25) 40,170   (3,767) 36,720   (3,796)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
  (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 2.8 ! (.86) 46,660   (4,580) 39,640   (2,908)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                                           
Age                                                                                          
Less than 30 63.2   (5.13) 34,340   (710) 31,010   (680) 34.1   (2.76) 1,980   (298)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 23.6   (2.55) 4,170   (575) 24.0   (2.23) 2,050   (141) 32.7   (2.70) 4,170   (575)
30 to 39 94.3   (5.59) 42,110   (1,051) 38,420   (922) 34.6   (3.07) 3,080   (258)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.4   (2.08) 4,950   (522) 23.9   (2.44) 4,270 ! (1,293) 15.4   (2.05) 4,950   (522)
40 to 49 87.9   (5.74) 45,740   (1,316) 42,860   (1,282) 26.2   (2.96) 2,940   (486)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.2   (2.19) 4,980   (966) 20.2   (2.75) 3,460   (451) 12.3   (1.91) 4,980   (966)
50 or more 123.0   (6.67) 49,580   (1,439) 44,420   (1,203) 23.8   (1.87) 2,750   (263)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.5   (2.14) 7,000   (712) 17.1   (1.56) 3,280   (644) 13.9   (1.88) 7,000   (712)
                                                                                           
Years of full-time teaching
   experience
                                                                                         
1 year or less 30.9   (4.65) 33,980   (1,386) 29,940   (1,139) 29.6   (5.24) 2,440 ! (768)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 24.5   (4.12) 5,100   (1,103) 21.4   (5.20) 2,330   (511) 30.9   (4.68) 5,100   (1,103)
2 to 4 years 61.5   (4.73) 36,760   (1,024) 33,540   (948) 31.6   (2.89) 2,760   (347)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 22.0   (2.63) 4,250   (550) 23.9   (2.96) 2,540   (196) 23.5   (2.80) 4,250   (550)
5 to 9 years 85.0   (4.67) 40,990   (1,036) 37,220   (830) 30.8   (2.80) 2,560   (299)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.3   (2.34) 5,760   (734) 24.8   (3.29) 4,170 ! (1,277) 16.1   (1.92) 5,760   (734)
10 to 14 years 58.6   (4.57) 43,570   (1,203) 40,440   (1,095) 27.4   (3.19) 3,050   (563)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.3   (3.11) 5,310   (915) 18.6   (2.26) 3,740   (607) 14.2   (2.73) 5,310   (915)
15 to 19 years 43.9   (3.38) 47,190   (2,185) 44,820   (2,218) 23.2   (4.60) 2,560   (478)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.1   (3.05) 5,110 ! (2,128) 20.5   (3.62) 3,180   (768) 10.6   (2.21) 5,110 ! (2,128)
20 to 24 years 27.7   (2.85) 52,380   (2,991) 48,170   (2,386) 30.8   (4.37) 1,900   (214)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 20.3   (4.78) 6,230   (1,740) 16.0   (3.19) 1,790   (370) 15.4   (4.00) 6,230   (1,740)
25 to 29 years 24.3   (2.53) 52,040   (2,524) 47,070   (2,091) 25.3   (4.04) 3,660   (999)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 17.6   (4.16) 5,340   (1,069) 17.6   (4.29) 3,230   (628)   (†) 5,340   (1,069)
30 or more years 36.5   (4.19) 57,950   (3,772) 50,390   (2,739) 29.4   (3.83) 3,200   (460)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.4   (3.58) 7,420   (1,820) 15.1   (3.03) 4,700 ! (1,783) 14.8   (3.29) 7,420   (1,820)
                                                                                           
Highest degree earned                                                                                          
Less than bachelor's degree 27.9   (4.18) 30,160   (1,733) 27,690   (1,749) 21.3   (5.09) 3,210   (653)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 15.3   (4.03) 3,820 ! (1,216) 19.5   (3.96) 2,760   (363) 15.5   (4.10) 3,820 ! (1,216)
Bachelor's degree 180.9   (5.98) 39,450   (887) 36,270   (830) 27.2   (1.73) 2,490   (251)   (†)   (†) 1.3   (.36) 1,970   (540) 18.2   (1.32) 5,420   (549) 19.6   (1.36) 2,880   (333) 18.7   (1.16) 5,420   (549)
Master's degree 134.3   (7.12) 50,670   (1,074) 46,400   (1,045) 32.9   (2.25) 2,850   (228)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 20.7   (1.77) 5,070   (584) 21.8   (2.35) 4,160   (807) 16.3   (1.60) 5,070   (584)
Education specialist3  17.7   (1.95) 55,230   (3,542) 47,450   (2,839) 22.5   (5.57) 3,230 ! (1,570)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 25.2   (4.61) 7,280   (1,580) 24.6   (4.78) 2,820   (598)   (†) 7,280   (1,580)
Doctor's degree 7.7   (1.84) 64,890   (11,118) 52,590   (6,259)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                                                           
Instructional level                                                                                          
Elementary 196.8   (8.15) 39,310   (794) 36,260   (632) 19.2   (1.39) 2,130   (251)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 16.0   (1.21) 5,190   (720) 17.1   (1.23) 2,770   (349) 15.8   (1.37) 5,190   (720)
Secondary 171.6   (8.24) 49,640   (1,319) 44,720   (1,174) 40.0   (2.23) 3,070   (224)   (†)   (†) 2.6 (.85) 1,600   (308) 23.7   (1.70) 5,640   (499) 25.0   (2.03) 3,840   (602) 18.7   (1.39) 5,640   (499)
                                                                                           
Location of school                                                                                          
City4  158   (9.51) 48,980   (1,569) 44,770   (1,436) 29.3   (1.75) 30,100   (314)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 19.2   (1.59) 59,700   (555) 21.1   (1.68) 39,400   (722) 16.3   (1.58) 59,700   (555)
Suburban5    (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Town6  21   (2.54) 33,080   (1,479) 29,980   (1,134) 20.8   (3.66) 12,500   (257)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 18.4   (3.49) 55,600   (1,535) 16.0   (2.82) 35,900   (1,418) 19.5   (3.41) 55,600   (1,535)
Rural7    (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Data may be suppressed because the response rate is under 50 percent, there are too few cases for a reliable estimate, or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes compensation for extracurricular or additional activities such as coaching, student activity sponsorship, or teaching evening classes.
2 Includes teaching summer sessions and other non-teaching jobs at any school.
3 Includes certificates of advanced graduate studies.
4 Located inside a principal city within an urbanized area.
5 Located inside an urbanized area, but outside of a principal city.
6 Located inside an urban cluster.
7 Located outside any urbanized area or urban cluster.
NOTE: This table includes regular full-time teachers only; it excludes other staff even when they have full-time teaching duties (regular part-time teachers, itinerant teachers, long-term substitutes, administrators, library media specialists, other professional staff, and support staff). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Standard errors appear in parentheses. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding, missing values in cells with too few cases to report, and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS), "Public School Teacher Data File" and "Private School Teacher Data File," 2011-12. (This table was prepared May 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education