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Table C.1.a.-1 Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary school teachers, by locale and selected characteristics: 2011–12

Selected characteristics Total   City   Suburban   Town   Rural
Estimate   Standard error   Estimate   Standard error   Estimate   Standard error   Estimate   Standard error   Estimate   Standard error
Total, number 3,385,000   41,000   958,000   27,000   1,098,000   31,000   411,000   14,000   916,000   21,000
Percentage distribution 100.0   (†)   28.3   (0.71)   32.4   (0.77)   12.2   (0.42)   27.1   (0.60)
                                       
Sex 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
Male 23.7   (0.49)   23.4   (1.02)   23.0   (0.92)   24.2   (0.86)   24.5   (0.72)
Female 76.3   (0.49)   76.6   (1.02)   77.0   (0.92)   75.8   (0.86)   75.5   (0.72)
                                       
Race/ethnicity 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
White 81.9   (0.53)   71.1   (1.08)   83.6   (0.82)   87.7   (1.11)   88.7   (0.84)
Black 6.8   (0.31)   12.1   (0.91)   5.7   (0.43)   3.6   (0.64)   4.2   (0.45)
Hispanic 7.8   (0.37)   12.0   (0.93)   7.6   (0.71)   5.5   (0.78)   4.7   (0.63)
Asian 1.8   (0.21)   3.2   (0.56)   1.5   (0.28)   1.6 ! (0.71)   0.7   (0.15)
Native Hawaiian/Other                                      
Pacific Islander 0.1   (0.04)   0.2 ! (0.06)     (†)   0.1 ! (0.05)     (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
0.5   (0.08)     (†)   0.3 ! (0.11)   0.6   (0.16)   0.8   (0.17)
Two or more races 1.0   (0.11)   1.1   (0.19)   1.1   (0.28)   0.8   (0.21)   0.8   (0.15)
                                       
Age 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
Less than 30 15.3   (0.44)   15.5   (1.16)   15.0   (0.78)   15.2   (1.02)   15.4   (0.71)
30 to 39 28.9   (0.53)   28.2   (1.12)   30.4   (0.94)   27.7   (1.31)   28.5   (0.72)
40 to 49 25.1   (0.51)   23.7   (1.06)   25.0   (0.82)   26.1   (1.22)   26.2   (0.77)
50 to 59 23.1   (0.49)   23.8   (1.04)   22.2   (0.86)   24.3   (1.52)   23.0   (0.66)
60 or more 7.6   (0.34)   8.8   (0.70)   7.4   (0.68)   6.6   (0.63)   6.9   (0.49)
                                       
Highest degree earned 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
No degree 3.2   (0.23)   3.0   (0.44)   3.0   (0.32)   3.0   (0.55)   3.7   (0.39)
Associate's 0.6   (0.07)   0.6 ! (0.19)   0.3 ! (0.11)   0.8   (0.14)   0.9   (0.16)
Bachelor's 39.9   (0.52)   38.6   (1.20)   34.7   (0.98)   44.0   (1.50)   45.5   (1.01)
Master's 47.7   (0.57)   48.7   (1.32)   52.2   (1.09)   45.0   (1.44)   42.3   (1.11)
Education specialist1 7.6   (0.27)   7.9   (0.63)   8.6   (0.58)   6.5   (0.56)   6.5   (0.45)
Doctor's 1.1   (0.11)   1.1   (0.26)   1.2   (0.19)   0.7   (0.16)   1.1   (0.18)
                                       
Level 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
Elementary 51.0   (0.65)   54.0   (1.61)   50.4   (1.07)   51.6   (1.48)   48.2   (1.27)
Secondary 49.0   (0.65)   46.0   (1.61)   49.6   (1.07)   48.4   (1.48)   51.8   (1.27)
                                       
Main teaching assignment                                      
Elementary 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
General 62.4   (1.00)   63.2   (1.82)   61.8   (1.57)   62.0   (2.06)   62.6   (1.50)
English 5.3   (0.39)   4.4   (0.84)   5.4   (0.76)   6.6   (1.15)   5.6   (0.68)
English as a second
   language
2.9   (0.39)   3.5   (0.84)   4.0   (0.83)   1.7 ! (0.60)   1.6   (0.33)
Mathematics 1.8   (0.38)   1.9 ! (0.90)   1.7   (0.47)   1.6   (0.42)   2.0   (0.44)
Special education 13.9   (0.59)   13.7   (1.30)   13.8   (1.04)   14.4   (1.46)   13.9   (1.02)
Other elementary 13.6   (0.61)   13.2   (1.27)   13.4   (1.02)   13.6   (1.30)   14.3   (1.03)
                                       
Secondary 100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)   100.0   (†)
English 17.4   (0.44)   17.3   (1.07)   17.7   (0.67)   17.4   (0.76)   17.3   (0.74)
English as a second
   language
1.2   (0.14)   2.3   (0.49)   1.0   (0.18)   0.7   (0.17)   0.6   (0.16)
Foreign language 5.3   (0.24)   5.3   (0.54)   6.4   (0.42)   3.6   (0.47)   4.8   (0.44)
Mathematics 15.1   (0.36)   15.7   (0.87)   15.2   (0.59)   14.1   (1.07)   14.8   (0.61)
Science 12.6   (0.37)   12.7   (0.81)   12.8   (0.64)   12.2   (0.85)   12.3   (0.58)
Social sciences 11.9   (0.29)   11.9   (0.82)   12.2   (0.57)   12.1   (0.94)   11.5   (0.49)
Special education 11.5   (0.56)   12.5   (1.40)   11.4   (0.60)   12.0   (0.76)   10.6   (0.86)
Vocational/technical 8.8   (0.31)   6.9   (0.58)   7.7   (0.50)   10.7   (0.72)   11.1   (0.55)
Other secondary 16.2   (0.40)   15.5   (0.87)   15.6   (0.74)   17.2   (0.97)   17.1   (0.71)
† Not applicable.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
NOTE: Includes part-time and full-time teachers. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. For more details on urban-centric locale categories, see http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ruraled/definitions.asp. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Schools and Staffing Survey, "Public School Teacher Data File," 2011–12.