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Table B.1.e.-1Number and percentage distribution of public elementary and secondary school students, by percentage of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, race/ethnicity, and school locale: School year 200809
 
Percentage of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch Percentage of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch
Race/ethnicity and school locale Total 10 percent or less 11–25 percent 26–50 percent 51–75 percent More than 75 percent   Total 10 percent or less 11–25 percent 26–50 percent 51–75 percent More than 75 percent
Number of students Percentage distribution of students
Total1  48,168,458 5,522,168 8,437,885 14,313,707 11,430,969 8,463,729   100.0 11.5 17.5 29.7 23.7 17.6
White  26,160,966 4,048,903 6,355,475 9,519,492 5,043,510 1,193,586   100.0 15.5 24.3 36.4 19.3 4.6
Black  8,003,729 269,459 596,381 1,737,782 2,508,584 2,891,523   100.0 3.4 7.5 21.7 31.3 36.1
Hispanic  10,329,626 612,312 777,712 2,042,628 3,077,011 3,819,963   100.0 5.9 7.5 19.8 29.8 37.0
Asian/Pacific Islander  2,388,458 480,572 515,355 631,278 448,100 313,153   100.0 20.1 21.6 26.4 18.8 13.1
American Indian/Alaska Native  566,871 22,601 56,256 155,794 177,475 154,745   100.0 4.0 9.9 27.5 31.3 27.3
Two or more races2  240,149 43,736 54,326 67,617 47,859 26,611   100.0 18.2 22.6 28.2 19.9 11.1
                           
City1  14,064,506 976,231 1,438,989 2,994,438 3,741,123 4,913,725   100.0 6.9 10.2 21.3 26.6 34.9
White  4,429,408 478,989 913,142 1,527,702 1,024,124 485,451   100.0 10.8 20.6 34.5 23.1 11.0
Black  3,719,934 91,332 134,493 549,320 1,103,996 1,840,793   100.0 2.5 3.6 14.8 29.7 49.5
Hispanic  4,596,355 236,189 190,344 599,731 1,290,615 2,279,476   100.0 5.1 4.1 13.0 28.1 49.6
Asian/Pacific Islander  991,476 146,160 161,018 230,114 226,964 227,220   100.0 14.7 16.2 23.2 22.9 22.9
American Indian/Alaska Native  116,312 4,852 13,042 31,064 34,057 33,297   100.0 4.2 11.2 26.7 29.3 28.6
Two or more races2  76,753 11,995 13,669 21,050 18,188 11,851   100.0 15.6 17.8 27.4 23.7 15.4
Large1  7,260,495 378,377 526,210 1,116,056 1,956,345 3,283,507   100.0 5.2 7.2 15.4 26.9 45.2
White  1,526,318 179,368 305,315 456,350 359,167 226,118   100.0 11.8 20.0 29.9 23.5 14.8
Black  2,130,262 65,254 61,126 227,580 624,463 1,151,839   100.0 3.1 2.9 10.7 29.3 54.1
Hispanic  2,887,628 67,257 86,025 279,290 782,103 1,672,953   100.0 2.3 3.0 9.7 27.1 57.9
Asian/Pacific Islander  580,009 58,486 60,009 122,610 150,495 188,409   100.0 10.1 10.3 21.1 25.9 32.5
American Indian/Alaska Native  60,719 2,421 5,792 12,293 17,268 22,945   100.0 4.0 9.5 20.2 28.4 37.8
Two or more races2  30,296 3,724 3,864 7,512 8,571 6,625   100.0 12.3 12.8 24.8 28.3 21.9
Midsize1  3,099,971 261,982 335,215 732,619 824,987 945,168   100.0 8.5 10.8 23.6 26.6 30.5
White  1,061,278 106,567 209,420 362,830 262,892 119,569   100.0 10.0 19.7 34.2 24.8 11.3
Black  901,054 8,557 27,995 160,707 260,942 442,853   100.0 0.9 3.1 17.8 29.0 49.1
Hispanic  865,832 103,502 45,693 136,997 238,064 341,576   100.0 12.0 5.3 15.8 27.5 39.5
Asian/Pacific Islander  184,762 36,950 40,693 46,666 37,561 22,892   100.0 20.0 22.0 25.3 20.3 12.4
American Indian/Alaska Native  21,090 781 2,366 6,229 7,021 4,693   100.0 3.7 11.2 29.5 33.3 22.3
Two or more races2  24,894 3,500 4,842 7,936 5,709 2,907   100.0 14.1 19.5 31.9 22.9 11.7
Small1  3,704,040 335,872 577,564 1,145,763 959,791 685,050   100.0 9.1 15.6 30.9 25.9 18.5
White  1,841,812 193,054 398,407 708,522 402,065 139,764   100.0 10.5 21.6 38.5 21.8 7.6
Black  688,618 17,521 45,372 161,033 218,591 246,101   100.0 2.5 6.6 23.4 31.7 35.7
Hispanic  842,895 65,430 58,626 183,444 270,448 264,947   100.0 7.8 7.0 21.8 32.1 31.4
Asian/Pacific Islander  226,705 50,724 60,316 60,838 38,908 15,919   100.0 22.4 26.6 26.8 17.2 7.0
American Indian/Alaska Native  34,503 1,650 4,884 12,542 9,768 5,659   100.0 4.8 14.2 36.4 28.3 16.4
Two or more races2  21,563 4,771 4,963 5,602 3,908 2,319   100.0 22.1 23.0 26.0 18.1 10.8
                           
Suburban1  16,790,076 3,239,486 4,036,120 4,569,496 3,018,973 1,926,001   100.0 19.3 24.0 27.2 18.0 11.5
White  9,338,386 2,533,328 2,969,237 2,626,039 980,906 228,876   100.0 27.1 31.8 28.1 10.5 2.5
Black  2,461,549 129,776 313,023 714,129 765,902 538,719   100.0 5.3 12.7 29.0 31.1 21.9
Hispanic  3,545,292 245,088 391,153 827,014 1,030,310 1,051,727   100.0 6.9 11.0 23.3 29.1 29.7
Asian/Pacific Islander  1,027,783 270,029 265,699 267,357 156,465 68,233   100.0 26.3 25.9 26.0 15.2 6.6
American Indian/Alaska Native  90,017 8,111 20,173 32,103 19,889 9,741   100.0 9.0 22.4 35.7 22.1 10.8
Two or more races2  115,957 25,950 28,364 31,162 20,322 10,159   100.0 22.4 24.5 26.9 17.5 8.8
Large1  14,208,655 2,974,943 3,439,878 3,620,623 2,466,511 1,706,700   100.0 20.9 24.2 25.5 17.4 12.0
White  7,645,990 2,332,203 2,497,563 1,959,511 685,452 171,261   100.0 30.5 32.7 25.6 9.0 2.2
Black  2,186,253 119,012 277,677 620,812 681,686 487,066   100.0 5.4 12.7 28.4 31.2 22.3
Hispanic  3,105,939 213,897 342,138 703,100 892,592 954,212   100.0 6.9 11.0 22.6 28.7 30.7
Asian/Pacific Islander  925,724 253,682 239,379 229,462 140,337 62,864   100.0 27.4 25.9 24.8 15.2 6.8
American Indian/Alaska Native  70,293 7,045 16,603 24,076 14,728 7,841   100.0 10.0 23.6 34.3 21.0 11.2
Two or more races2  93,633 23,555 22,569 24,004 15,508 7,997   100.0 25.2 24.1 25.6 16.6 8.5
Midsize1  1,570,354 196,297 366,091 553,567 318,820 135,579   100.0 12.5 23.3 35.3 20.3 8.6
White  1,015,154 148,998 292,460 380,823 157,780 35,093   100.0 14.7 28.8 37.5 15.5 3.5
Black  168,607 7,106 18,504 57,542 50,667 34,788   100.0 4.2 11.0 34.1 30.1 20.6
Hispanic  273,810 26,851 31,104 71,328 87,146 57,381   100.0 9.8 11.4 26.1 31.8 21.0
Asian/Pacific Islander  65,476 9,216 15,465 26,022 11,490 3,283   100.0 14.1 23.6 39.7 17.5 5.0
American Indian/Alaska Native  10,913 662 2,248 4,319 2,751 933   100.0 6.1 20.6 39.6 25.2 8.5
Two or more races2  14,612 2,048 3,069 4,989 2,940 1,566   100.0 14.0 21.0 34.1 20.1 10.7
Small1  1,011,067 68,246 230,151 395,306 233,642 83,722   100.0 6.7 22.8 39.1 23.1 8.3
White  677,242 52,127 179,214 285,705 137,674 22,522   100.0 7.7 26.5 42.2 20.3 3.3
Black  106,689 3,658 16,842 35,775 33,549 16,865   100.0 3.4 15.8 33.5 31.4 15.8
Hispanic  165,543 4,340 17,911 52,586 50,572 40,134   100.0 2.6 10.8 31.8 30.5 24.2
Asian/Pacific Islander  36,583 7,131 10,855 11,873 4,638 2,086   100.0 19.5 29.7 32.5 12.7 5.7
American Indian/Alaska Native  8,811 404 1,322 3,708 2,410 967   100.0 4.6 15.0 42.1 27.4 11.0
Two or more races2  7,712 347 2,726 2,169 1,874 596   100.0 4.5 35.3 28.1 24.3 7.7
Town1  5,913,733 180,581 759,483 2,409,294 1,842,862 721,513   100.0 3.1 12.8 40.7 31.2 12.2
White  4,050,832 142,116 666,400 1,929,072 1,126,033 187,211   100.0 3.5 16.5 47.6 27.8 4.6
Black  647,763 4,723 21,829 130,605 256,563 234,043   100.0 0.7 3.4 20.2 39.6 36.1
Hispanic  920,932 26,796 41,558 233,514 359,582 259,482   100.0 2.9 4.5 25.4 39.0 28.2
Asian/Pacific Islander  111,807 3,600 16,149 53,424 30,689 7,945   100.0 3.2 14.4 47.8 27.4 7.1
American Indian/Alaska Native  120,047 1,679 7,779 38,696 46,635 25,258   100.0 1.4 6.5 32.2 38.8 21.0
Two or more races2  15,485 588 2,125 5,298 4,898 2,576   100.0 3.8 13.7 34.2 31.6 16.6
Fringe1  2,040,452 119,736 457,910 819,953 464,629 178,224   100.0 5.9 22.4 40.2 22.8 8.7
White  1,473,024 102,964 404,702 648,960 277,937 38,461   100.0 7.0 27.5 44.1 18.9 2.6
Black  169,830 3,353 15,192 50,400 61,117 39,768   100.0 2.0 8.9 29.7 36.0 23.4
Hispanic  317,083 9,020 22,731 88,561 103,755 93,016   100.0 2.8 7.2 27.9 32.7 29.3
Asian/Pacific Islander  34,558 2,832 8,246 13,475 7,361 2,644   100.0 8.2 23.9 39.0 21.3 7.7
American Indian/Alaska Native  21,127 673 3,112 8,589 6,716 2,037   100.0 3.2 14.7 40.7 31.8 9.6
Two or more races2  7,208 386 1,292 2,488 2,319 723   100.0 5.4 17.9 34.5 32.2 10.0
Distant1  2,296,037 31,831 175,241 944,924 824,070 319,971   100.0 1.4 7.6 41.2 35.9 13.9
White  1,560,972 25,630 155,729 775,126 512,478 92,009   100.0 1.6 10.0 49.7 32.8 5.9
Black  307,193 1,054 4,009 56,741 131,452 113,937   100.0 0.3 1.3 18.5 42.8 37.1
Hispanic  331,381 3,627 9,652 78,190 140,702 99,210   100.0 1.1 2.9 23.6 42.5 29.9
Asian/Pacific Islander  28,032 301 3,124 12,114 9,613 2,880   100.0 1.1 11.1 43.2 34.3 10.3
American Indian/Alaska Native  40,575 518 1,367 12,311 18,715 7,664   100.0 1.3 3.4 30.3 46.1 18.9
Two or more races2  5,499 174 572 1,396 1,740 1,617   100.0 3.2 10.4 25.4 31.6 29.4
Remote1  1,577,244 29,014 126,332 644,417 554,163 223,318   100.0 1.8 8.0 40.9 35.1 14.2
White  1,016,836 13,522 105,969 504,986 335,618 56,741   100.0 1.3 10.4 49.7 33.0 5.6
Black  170,740 316 2,628 23,464 63,994 80,338   100.0 0.2 1.5 13.7 37.5 47.1
Hispanic  272,468 14,149 9,175 66,763 115,125 67,256   100.0 5.2 3.4 24.5 42.3 24.7
Asian/Pacific Islander  49,217 467 4,779 27,835 13,715 2,421   100.0 0.9 9.7 56.6 27.9 4.9
American Indian/Alaska Native  58,345 488 3,300 17,796 21,204 15,557   100.0 0.8 5.7 30.5 36.3 26.7
Two or more races2  2,778 28 261 1,414 839 236   100.0 1.0 9.4 50.9 30.2 8.5
                           
Rural1  11,400,143 1,125,870 2,203,293 4,340,479 2,828,011 902,490   100.0 9.9 19.3 38.1 24.8 7.9
White  8,342,340 894,470 1,806,696 3,436,679 1,912,447 292,048   100.0 10.7 21.7 41.2 22.9 3.5
Black  1,174,483 43,628 127,036 343,728 382,123 277,968   100.0 3.7 10.8 29.3 32.5 23.7
Hispanic  1,267,047 104,239 154,657 382,369 396,504 229,278   100.0 8.2 12.2 30.2 31.3 18.1
Asian/Pacific Islander  257,392 60,783 72,489 80,383 33,982 9,755   100.0 23.6 28.2 31.2 13.2 3.8
American Indian/Alaska Native  240,495 7,959 15,262 53,931 76,894 86,449   100.0 3.3 6.3 22.4 32.0 35.9
Two or more races2  31,954 5,203 10,168 10,107 4,451 2,025   100.0 16.3 31.8 31.6 13.9 6.3
Fringe1  6,740,516 978,734 1,639,152 2,358,611 1,341,873 422,146   100.0 14.5 24.3 35.0 19.9 6.3
White  4,603,171 768,092 1,289,233 1,690,702 754,272 100,872   100.0 16.7 28.0 36.7 16.4 2.2
Black  804,399 41,012 113,895 266,198 247,573 135,721   100.0 5.1 14.2 33.1 30.8 16.9
Hispanic  940,615 94,040 133,226 280,202 275,606 157,541   100.0 10.0 14.2 29.8 29.3 16.7
Asian/Pacific Islander  222,182 58,991 67,528 65,894 24,146 5,623   100.0 26.6 30.4 29.7 10.9 2.5
American Indian/Alaska Native  80,103 3,931 11,237 24,286 23,155 17,494   100.0 4.9 14.0 30.3 28.9 21.8
Two or more races2  26,605 4,588 9,177 8,352 2,954 1,534   100.0 17.2 34.5 31.4 11.1 5.8
Distant1  3,476,559 130,816 499,932 1,511,039 1,041,207 293,565   100.0 3.8 14.4 43.5 29.9 8.4
White  2,839,863 115,502 457,633 1,328,341 813,627 124,760   100.0 4.1 16.1 46.8 28.7 4.4
Black  282,646 2,291 12,707 67,824 103,736 96,088   100.0 0.8 4.5 24.0 36.7 34.0
Hispanic  235,185 8,752 19,127 75,819 83,515 47,972   100.0 3.7 8.1 32.2 35.5 20.4
Asian/Pacific Islander  26,652 1,476 4,454 11,032 6,481 3,209   100.0 5.5 16.7 41.4 24.3 12.0
American Indian/Alaska Native  68,566 1,205 3,018 17,586 26,730 20,027   100.0 1.8 4.4 25.6 39.0 29.2
Two or more races2  3,814 323 902 1,247 991 351   100.0 8.5 23.6 32.7 26.0 9.2
Remote1  1,183,068 16,320 64,209 470,829 444,931 186,779   100.0 1.4 5.4 39.8 37.6 15.8
White  899,306 10,876 59,830 417,636 344,548 66,416   100.0 1.2 6.7 46.4 38.3 7.4
Black  87,438 325 434 9,706 30,814 46,159   100.0 0.4 0.5 11.1 35.2 52.8
Hispanic  91,247 1,447 2,304 26,348 37,383 23,765   100.0 1.6 2.5 28.9 41.0 26.0
Asian/Pacific Islander  8,558 316 507 3,457 3,355 923   100.0 3.7 5.9 40.4 39.2 10.8
American Indian/Alaska Native  91,826 2,823 1,007 12,059 27,009 48,928   100.0 3.1 1.1 13.1 29.4 53.3
Two or more races2  1,535 292 89 508 506 140   100.0 19.0 5.8 33.1 33.0 9.1
1 Totals include students whose race/ethnicity was not reported. Excludes students without information on eligibilty for free or reduced-price lunch.
2 Two or more races include a person identifying himself or herself as of two or more of the following racial/ethnic categories: White, Black, Hispanic, Asian and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or American Indian or Alaska Native.
NOTE: Free or reduced-price lunch is provided by the National School Lunch Program a federally assisted meal program. To be eligible, a student must be from a household with an income at or below 130 percent of the poverty threshold for free lunch or between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty threshold for reduced-price lunch. In total, 2,517 public schools with student enrollment did not report information on the number of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch. Therefore, this information is missing for 885,328 students and these students are not included in this table. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. For more details on urban-centric locale categories, see http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ruraled/definitions.asp. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and missing data.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2008–09 (version 1b).
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