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Table A.1.a.-7 Children of prekindergarten through second-grade age living in rural areas, by enrollment status, selected maternal characteristics, and household income: 2005
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Maternal characteristic and household income 3- to 5-year-olds, not enrolled in school (includes homeschooled children)1 Enrolled in nursery school or prekindergarten1 Enrolled in kindergarten1 Enrolled in first grade1 Enrolled in second grade1
Total children (in thousands) 1,092   (55.2) 975   (60.6) 822   (59.8) 870   (72.8) 902   (72.2)
                             
Percentage distribution                              
Mother's highest level                              
of education2  100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Less than high school 10.6   (3.01) 5.1 ! (1.78) 8.4 ! (2.91) 6.7   (2.01) 4.6 ! (1.68)
High school/GED 45.1   (4.33) 27.9   (3.83) 36.2   (5.81) 38.5   (5.41) 40.6   (5.26)
Vocational/technical or                              
some college 24.0   (3.18) 23.7   (4.23) 18.8   (3.52) 19.6 ! (5.96) 16.8   (4.02)
Associate's degree 8.4   (2.16) 13.5   (2.57) 9.4 ! (3.21) 5.6 ! (2.08) 11.5   (3.00)
Bachelor's degree 7.2   (1.69) 17.6   (2.47) 17.4   (3.33) 17.5   (3.32) 11.3   (2.72)
Graduate/professional degree 4.7   (1.39) 12.2   (2.19) 9.8   (3.01) 12.1   (3.00) 15.1   (3.61)
                             
Mother's employment status2  100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Working 35 hours/week or more 36.3   (4.31) 45.1   (3.88) 41.1   (5.63) 48.9   (5.83) 40.3   (4.94)
Working less than 35 hours/week 19.4   (2.69) 25.2   (3.92) 20.1   (4.09) 24.3   (4.06) 21.7   (4.48)
Looking for work 8.3 ! (3.44)   (†) 7.4 ! (2.65)   (†) 6.2 ! (2.13)
Not in labor force 36.0   (4.38) 28.2   (3.02) 31.4   (4.26) 25.9   (3.80) 31.8   (5.32)
                             
Household income 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
$10,000 or less 10.1   (2.58) 5.4 ! (1.96) 8.8   (2.57) 7.3 ! (2.73) 7.5 ! (3.13)
$10,001 to $20,000 12.5   (3.00) 7.7   (1.99) 12.1   (3.50) 11.8   (3.31) 18.2   (4.62)
$20,001 to $30,000 15.3   (2.89) 9.7 ! (3.64) 11.6 ! (3.58) 5.7 ! (1.84) 14.6   (3.87)
$30,001 to $40,000 16.6   (3.06) 11.8   (2.27) 13.3   (2.78) 16.2   (3.85) 9.6 ! (3.28)
$40,001 to $50,000 11.7   (1.94) 10.0   (1.82) 7.8 ! (2.51) 9.6   (2.76) 8.1   (2.20)
$50,001 to $75,000 19.9   (3.12) 27.1   (2.84) 26.0   (5.22) 27.5   (5.91) 22.1   (3.75)
More than $75,000 13.9   (2.79) 28.3   (2.98) 20.4   (3.56) 22.0   (3.72) 19.8   (3.87)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
1 Excludes children for whom no grade equivalent was available.            
2 Excludes children living in households with no mother or female guardian present.            
NOTE: Includes children living in households located outside of an urbanized area or urban cluster. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and suppression of cells that do not meet standards. For details on urban-centric locale categories, such as rural, see http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/ruraled/page2.asp.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Program Participation Survey and Before- and After-School Programs and Activities Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (ECPP-NHES:2005; and ASPA-NHES:2005).
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