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Private School Universe Survey (PSS)


Number and percentage distribution of students in private schools, by religious orientation, community type, and race/ethnicity: 1993–94 through 2005–06
 
Community
type and
race
1993–94   1995–96   1997–98   1999–2000   2001–02   2003–04   2005–06
Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
  Number
of stu-
dents
Per-
cent
Central city 2,326,010 100.0   2,492,539 100.0   2,472,859 100.0   2,540,516 100.0   2,276,788 100.0   2,182,282 100.0   2,107,313 100.0
White 1,678,947 72.2   1,802,194 72.3   1,791,597 72.5   1,816,995 71.5   1,550,965 68.1   1,499,484 68.7   1,435,117 68.1
Black 290,594 12.5   309,225 12.4   300,480 12.2   320,573 12.6   314,744 13.8   285,713 13.1   272,512 12.9
Hispanic 234,336 10.1   252,366 10.1   247,835 10.0   266,942 10.5   253,549 11.1   247,233 11.3   254,135 12.1
Other 122,134 5.3   128,755 5.2   132,948 5.4   136,006 5.4   157,531 6.9   149,853 6.9   145,549 6.9
                                         
Urban fringe/
 large town
1,691,271 100.0   1,968,029 100.0   2,018,085 100.0   2,051,094 100.0   2,276,823 100.0   2,291,408 100.0   2,209,743 100.0
White 1,354,445 80.1   1,597,719 81.2   1,643,407 81.4   1,661,460 81.0   1,802,637 79.2   1,824,830 79.6   1,732,394 78.4
Black 119,525 7.1   133,863 6.8   138,320 6.9   144,243 7.0   174,931 7.7   175,150 7.6   178,652 8.1
Hispanic 124,426 7.4   132,592 6.7   133,896 6.6   143,195 7.0   176,112 7.7   183,663 8.0   186,646 8.4
Other 92,874 5.5   103,855 5.3   102,461 5.1   102,196 5.0   123,144 5.4   107,765 4.7   112,050 5.1
                                         
Rural/small town 819,161 100.0   571,632 100.0   585,175 100.0   571,074 100.0   787,905 100.0   649,082 100.0   740,464 100.0
White 738,992 90.2   521,333 91.2   534,972 91.4   516,844 90.5   701,990 89.1   576,982 88.9   648,590 87.6
Black 27,557 3.4   17,484 3.1   17,870 3.1   17,701 3.1   29,567 3.8   24,661 3.8   30,859 4.2
Hispanic 26,466 3.2   15,918 2.8   14,536 2.5   18,363 3.2   27,029 3.4   20,994 3.2   26,338 3.6
Other 26,146 3.2   16,897 3.0   17,798 3.0   18,166 3.2   29,318 3.7   26,445 4.1   34,676 4.7
                                         
Catholic and
 other religious
                                       
Central city  2,013,509 100.0   2,134,820 100.0   2,099,236 100.0   2,163,848 100.0   1,887,980 100.0   1,779,752 100.0   1,738,873 100.0
White  1,453,880 72.2   1,543,968 72.3   1,520,113 72.4   1,541,506 71.2   1,287,608 68.2   1,220,001 68.5   1,182,261 68.0
Black  247,679 12.3   260,301 12.2   249,474 11.9   269,310 12.4   257,136 13.6   229,113 12.9   221,811 12.8
Hispanic  213,992 10.6   229,275 10.7   224,683 10.7   243,874 11.3   227,593 12.1   218,867 12.3   223,663 12.9
Other  97,958 4.9   101,276 4.7   104,967 5.0   109,158 5.0   115,642 6.1   111,770 6.3   111,138 6.4
                                         
Urban fringe/
 large town
1,449,923 100.0   1,671,115 100.0   1,718,351 100.0   1,737,038 100.0   1,923,562 100.0   1,914,548 100.0   1,830,757 100.0
White  1,166,849 80.5   1,377,890 82.5   1,415,122 82.4   1,422,724 81.9   1,537,197 79.9   1,544,705 80.7   1,452,868 79.4
Black  97,020 6.7   103,766 6.2   107,229 6.2   111,563 6.4   137,502 7.1   135,406 7.1   138,051 7.5
Hispanic  111,780 7.7   115,267 6.9   117,017 6.8   124,495 7.2   154,092 8.0   154,213 8.1   158,476 8.7
Other  74,274 5.1   74,192 4.4   78,984 4.6   78,256 4.5   94,770 4.9   80,225 4.2   81,362 4.4
                                         
Rural/small town  654,249 100.0   457,061 100.0   461,559 100.0   453,735 100.0   628,861 100.0   506,479 100.0   561,225 100.0
White  594,329 90.8   418,539 91.6   423,448 91.7   411,990 90.8   563,591 89.6   453,042 89.4   497,602 88.7
Black  19,860 3.0   11,748 2.6   12,476 2.7   12,348 2.7   20,879 3.3   16,389 3.2   21,619 3.9
Hispanic  21,431 3.3   13,529 3.0   12,230 2.6   15,575 3.4   22,341 3.6   17,330 3.4   19,880 3.5
Other  18,629 2.8   13,244 2.9   13,404 2.9   13,821 3.0   22,050 3.5   19,718 3.9   22,123 3.9
                                         
Catholic                                         
Central city  1,293,529 100.0   1,325,035 100.0   1,309,795 100.0   1,293,629 100.0   1,142,738 100.0   1,102,251 100.0   1,035,873 100.0
White  891,766 68.9   915,053 69.1   910,315 69.5   881,123 68.1   740,326 64.8   721,315 65.4   671,858 64.9
Black  163,006 12.6   160,145 12.1   150,500 11.5   153,816 11.9   149,619 13.1   134,375 12.2   120,791 11.7
Hispanic  174,104 13.5   182,596 13.8   180,600 13.8   189,351 14.6   181,821 15.9   175,209 15.9   175,939 17.0
Other  64,653 5.0   67,240 5.1   68,381 5.2   69,340 5.4   70,972 6.2   71,352 6.5   67,286 6.5
                                         
Urban fringe/
 large town
885,374 100.0   995,863 100.0   1,006,623 100.0   1,022,949 100.0   1,140,523 100.0   1,083,579 100.0   1,021,866 100.0
White  709,627 80.1   825,522 82.9   832,736 82.7   845,187 82.6   925,350 81.1   886,051 81.8   827,431 81.0
Black  49,586 5.6   47,650 4.8   50,065 5.0   49,872 4.9   56,631 5.0   55,113 5.1   52,855 5.2
Hispanic  81,173 9.2   78,964 7.9   79,655 7.9   83,577 8.2   105,278 9.2   98,977 9.1   97,911 9.6
Other  44,988 5.1   43,727 4.4   44,167 4.4   44,312 4.3   53,264 4.7   43,438 4.0   43,669 4.3
                                         
Rural/small town  309,198 100.0   198,307 100.0   198,281 100.0   194,463 100.0   232,263 100.0   179,390 100.0   188,500 100.0
White  279,619 90.4   181,890 91.7   182,253 91.9   176,775 90.9   207,386 89.3   160,132 89.3   166,470 88.3
Black  7,608 2.5   3,087 1.6   3,059 1.5   3,128 1.6   4,769 2.1   3,050 1.7   3,906 2.1
Hispanic  11,360 3.7   6,677 3.4   6,392 3.2   7,700 4.0   11,326 4.9   7,709 4.3   8,980 4.8
Other  10,610 3.4   6,653 3.4   6,577 3.3   6,860 3.5   8,782 3.8   8,499 4.7   9,145 4.9
                                         
Other religious                                         
Central city  719,981 100.0   809,785 100.0   789,441 100.0   870,219 100.0   745,242 100.0   677,500 100.0   703,000 100.0
White  562,114 78.1   628,914 77.7   609,798 77.2   660,383 75.9   547,282 73.4   498,685 73.6   510,403 72.6
Black  84,673 11.8   100,156 12.4   98,973 12.5   115,494 13.3   107,518 14.4   94,738 14.0   101,020 14.4
Hispanic  39,888 5.5   46,678 5.8   44,083 5.6   54,523 6.3   45,771 6.1   43,659 6.4   47,725 6.8
Other  33,305 4.6   34,036 4.2   36,586 4.6   39,819 4.6   44,670 6.0   40,418 6.0   43,852 6.2
                                         
Urban fringe/
 large town
564,549 100.0   675,252 100.0   711,728 100.0   714,090 100.0   783,038 100.0   830,969 100.0   808,890 100.0
White  457,222 81.0   552,368 81.8   582,386 81.8   577,537 80.9   611,847 78.1   658,654 79.3   625,436 77.3
Black  47,434 8.4   56,116 8.3   57,163 8.0   61,691 8.6   80,871 10.3   80,293 9.7   85,197 10.5
Hispanic  30,607 5.4   36,302 5.4   37,362 5.2   40,918 5.7   48,814 6.2   55,235 6.6   60,565 7.5
Other  29,285 5.2   30,465 4.5   34,817 4.9   33,944 4.8   41,506 5.3   36,787 4.4   37,693 4.7
                                         
Rural/small town  345,051 100.0   258,754 100.0   263,278 100.0   259,272 100.0   396,598 100.0   327,089 100.0   372,724 100.0
White  314,710 91.2   236,649 91.5   241,195 91.6   235,215 90.7   356,205 89.8   292,910 89.6   331,132 88.8
Black  12,252 3.6   8,661 3.3   9,418 3.6   9,220 3.6   16,110 4.1   13,338 4.1   17,714 4.8
Hispanic  10,071 2.9   6,852 2.6   5,838 2.2   7,875 3.0   11,015 2.8   9,622 2.9   10,900 2.9
Other  8,019 2.3   6,592 2.5   6,828 2.6   6,962 2.7   13,268 3.3   11,219 3.4   12,978 3.5
                                         
Nonsectarian                                         
Central city  312,501 100.0   357,719 100.0   373,623 100.0   376,668 100.0   388,809 100.0   402,531 100.0   368,439 100.0
White  225,067 72.0   258,226 72.2   271,484 72.7   275,489 73.1   263,357 67.7   279,483 69.4   252,855 68.6
Black  42,914 13.7   48,924 13.7   51,006 13.7   51,263 13.6   57,608 14.8   56,599 14.1   50,702 13.8
Hispanic  20,344 6.5   23,091 6.5   23,152 6.2   23,068 6.1   25,956 6.7   28,366 7.0   30,471 8.3
Other  24,176 7.7   27,478 7.7   27,981 7.5   26,848 7.1   41,888 10.8   38,083 9.5   34,411 9.3
                                         
Urban fringe/
 large town
241,348 100.0   296,914 100.0   299,734 100.0   314,056 100.0   353,262 100.0   376,859 100.0   378,986 100.0
White  187,596 77.7   219,829 74.0   228,286 76.2   238,736 76.0   265,439 75.1   280,126 74.3   279,527 73.8
Black  22,505 9.3   30,097 10.1   31,091 10.4   32,680 10.4   37,428 10.6   39,744 10.5   40,601 10.7
Hispanic  12,646 5.2   17,325 5.8   16,880 5.6   18,700 6.0   22,020 6.2   29,450 7.8   28,170 7.4
Other  18,600 7.7   29,663 10.0   23,477 7.8   23,940 7.6   28,374 8.0   27,539 7.3   30,689 8.1
                                         
Rural/small town  164,912 100.0   114,571 100.0   123,616 100.0   117,340 100.0   159,044 100.0   142,603 100.0   179,240 100.0
White  144,663 87.7   102,795 89.7   111,524 90.2   104,854 89.4   138,400 87.0   123,940 86.9   150,988 84.2
Black  7,697 4.7   5,736 5.0   5,393 4.4   5,352 4.6   8,688 5.5   8,273 5.8   9,240 5.2
Hispanic  5,035 3.1   2,388 2.1   2,305 1.9   2,788 2.4   4,688 2.9   3,664 2.6   6,459 3.6
Other  7,518 4.6   3,652 3.2   4,393 3.6   4,345 3.7   7,268 4.6   6,727 4.7   12,553 7.0
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe Survey (PSS), 1993–94 through 2005–06.
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