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Trends in Student Performance: International Trends in Average Scores


Science Literacy

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Table T3. Average scores and changes in average scores of 15-year-old students on PISA science literacy scale, by education system: 2006, 2009, and 2012
Education system Average score   Change in average score
2006   2009   2012   2012-2006   2012-2009
Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.
OECD trend score1 498 0.5   501 0.5   501 0.5   3 *   0.9   #    
Shanghai-China   575 2.3   580 3.0         6     4.3
Hong Kong-China 542 2.5   549 2.8   555 2.6   13 *   5.0   6     4.3
Singapore   542 1.4   551 1.5         10 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 2.9
Japan 531 3.4   539 3.4   547 3.6   15 *   6.1   7     5.4
Finland 563 2.0   554 2.3   545 2.2   -18 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 4.6   -9 *   3.8
Estonia 531 2.5   528 2.7   541 1.9   10 *   4.7   14 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 3.9
Korea, Republic of 522 3.4   538 3.4   538 3.7   16 *   6.1   #    
Vietnam     528 4.3            
Poland 498 2.3   508 2.4   526 3.1   28 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 5.3   18 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 4.4
Canada 534 2.0   529 1.6   525 1.9   -9 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 4.5   -3     3.2
Liechtenstein 522 4.1   520 3.4   525 3.5   3     6.5   5     5.3
Germany 516 3.8   520 2.8   524 3.0   8     6.0   4     4.5
Chinese Taipei 532 3.6   520 2.6   523 2.3   -9   Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 5.5   3     4.0
Netherlands 525 2.7   522 5.4   522 3.5   -3     5.7   #    
Ireland 508 3.2   508 3.3   522 2.5   14 *   5.3   14 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 4.5
Australia 527 2.3   527 2.5   521 1.8   -5     4.5   -6     3.7
Macao-China 511 1.1   511 1.0   521 0.8   10 *   3.8   10 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 2.4
New Zealand 530 2.7   532 2.6   516 2.1   -15 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 4.9   -16 *   3.9
Switzerland 512 3.2   517 2.8   515 2.7   4     5.4   -1     4.4
Slovenia 519 1.1   512 1.1   514 1.3   -5     3.9   2     2.6
United Kingdom 515 2.3   514 2.5   514 3.4   -1     5.4   #    
Czech Republic 513 3.5   500 3.0   508 3.0   -5     5.8   8     4.7
Austria 511 3.9   494 3.2   506 2.7   -5     5.9   11 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 4.7
Belgium 510 2.5   507 2.5   505 2.2   -5     4.8   -2     3.9
Latvia 490 3.0   494 3.1   502 2.8   13 *   5.4   8     4.6
France 495 3.4   498 3.6   499 2.6   4     5.5   1     4.9
Denmark 496 3.1   499 2.5   498 2.7   3     5.4   -1     4.2
United States 489 4.2   502 3.6   497 3.8   9     6.7   -5     5.6
Spain 488 2.6   488 2.1   496 1.8   8     4.7   8 *   3.4
Lithuania 488 2.8   491 2.9   496 2.6   8     5.1   4     4.4
Norway 487 3.1   500 2.6   495 3.1   8     5.6   -5     4.5
Hungary 504 2.7   503 3.1   494 2.9   -10   Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 5.3   -8     4.8
Italy 475 2.0   489 1.8   494 1.9   18 *   4.5   5     3.3
Croatia 493 2.4   486 2.8   491 3.1   -2     5.3   5     4.7
Luxembourg 486 1.1   484 1.2   491 1.3   5     3.9   7 *   2.7
Portugal 474 3.0   493 2.9   489 3.7   15 *   6.0   -4     5.1
Russian Federation 479 3.7   478 3.3   486 2.9   7     5.8   8     4.8
Sweden 503 2.4   495 2.7   485 3.0   -19 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 5.2   -10 *   4.5
Iceland 491 1.6   496 1.4   478 2.1   -13 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 4.4   -17 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 3.2
Slovak Republic 488 2.6   490 3.0   471 3.6   -17 *   5.7   -19 *   5.1
Israel 454 3.7   455 3.1   470 5.0   16 *   7.1   15 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 6.2
Greece 473 3.2   470 4.0   467 3.1   -7     5.7   -3     5.5
Turkey 424 3.8   454 3.6   463 3.9   40 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 6.5   10     5.7
United Arab Emirates     448 2.8            
Bulgaria 434 6.1   439 5.9   446 4.8   12     8.5   7     7.8
Chile 438 4.3   447 2.9   445 2.9   7     6.3   -3     4.6
Serbia, Republic of2 436 3.0   443 2.4   445 3.4   9     5.8   2     4.6
Thailand 421 2.1   425 3.0   444 2.9   23 *   5.1   19 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 4.6
Romania 418 4.2   428 3.4   439 3.3   20 *   6.4   11 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 5.1
Cyprus     438 1.2            
Costa Rica3   430 2.8   429 2.9         -1     4.5
Kazakhstan   400 3.1   425 3.0         24 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 4.8
Malaysia3   422 2.7   420 3.0         -3     4.5
Uruguay 428 2.7   427 2.6   416 2.8   -12 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 5.2   -11 *   4.3
Mexico 410 2.7   416 1.8   415 1.3   5     4.6   -1     3.0
Montenegro, Republic of2 412 1.1   401 2.0   410 1.1   -2     3.8   9 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 3.0
Jordan 422 2.8   415 3.5   409 3.1   -13 * Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 5.5   -6     5.1
Argentina 391 6.1   401 4.6   406 3.9   14     8.0   5     6.3
Brazil 390 2.8   405 2.4   405 2.1   14 *   5.0   -1     3.8
Colombia 388 3.4   402 3.6   399 3.1   11     5.7   -3     5.2
Tunisia 386 3.0   401 2.7   398 3.5   13 *   5.7   -3     4.8
Albania   391 3.9   397 2.4         7     5.1
Qatar 349 0.9   379 0.9   384 0.7   34 * Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score 3.7   4     2.3
Indonesia 393 5.7   383 3.8   382 3.8   -12   Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score 7.7   -1     5.7
Peru   369 3.5   373 3.6         4     5.4
Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score Change in average score is greater than the U.S. change in average score.
Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score Change in average score is lower than the U.S. change in average score.
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
* p<.05. Change in average score is significant at a05 level of statistical significance.
1The OECD trend scores are based on the averages of the 34 OECD countries with each country weighted equally. The OECD excluded the data for Austria from the trend analysis in its report (OECD, PISA 2009 Results: Learning Trends - Changes in Student Performance Since 2000 (Volume V), available at http://www.pisa.oecd.org) because of a concern over a data collection issue in 2009; however, after consultation with Austrian officials, NCES kept the Austrian data in the U.S. trend reporting.
2The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united country under the PISA 2003 assessment.
3For Costa Rica and Malaysia the change between PISA 2009 and PISA 2012 represents change between 2010 and 2012 because these education systems implemented the PISA 2009 assessment in 2010 as part of PISA 2009.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by 2012 average score. The PISA science framework was revised in 2006. Because of changes in the framework, it is not possible to compare science learning outcomes from PISA 2000 and 2003 with those from PISA 2006, 2009, and 2012. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. All average scores reported as higher or lower than the comparison year are different at the .05 significance level of statistical significance. Standard error is noted by s.e. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006, 2009, 2012.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education