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Reading Literacy: Gender


Male-Female Score Gap

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Figure R2a. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA reading literacy scale, by education system: 2012

data in this figure can be found in the table below

NOTE: Education systems are ordered by female-male difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Score differences as noted between females and males are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.


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Table R2b. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA reading literacy scale, by education system: 2012
Education system Female-male difference s.e.
OECD average 38 * 0.6
Albania 15 * 4.0
Colombia 19 * 3.5
Peru 22 * 4.3
Chile 23 * 3.3
Korea, Republic of 23 * 5.4
Mexico 24 * 1.4
Shanghai-China 24 * 2.5
Japan 24 * 4.1
Liechtenstein 24 * 8.7
United Kingdom 25 * 4.6
Costa Rica 25 * 2.6
Hong Kong-China 25 * 4.7
Netherlands 26 * 3.1
Indonesia 28 * 3.4
Ireland 29 * 4.2
Spain 29 * 2.0
Luxembourg 30 * 2.0
Brazil 31 * 1.9
Tunisia 31 * 3.1
Denmark 31 * 2.8
United States 31 * 2.6
Vietnam 31 * 2.6
Belgium 32 * 3.5
Singapore 32 * 2.6
Chinese Taipei 32 * 6.4
New Zealand 34 * 5.0
Australia 34 * 2.9
Canada 35 * 2.1
Uruguay 35 * 3.5
Macao-China 36 * 1.7
Switzerland 36 * 2.6
Kazakhstan 37 * 2.9
Austria 37 * 5.0
Argentina 38 * 3.6
Czech Republic 39 * 3.7
Italy 39 * 2.6
Portugal 39 * 2.7
Slovak Republic 39 * 4.6
Hungary 40 * 3.6
Russian Federation 40 * 3.0
Malaysia 40 * 3.1
Romania 40 * 4.1
Poland 42 * 2.9
Estonia 44 * 2.4
France 44 * 4.2
Israel 44 * 7.9
Germany 44 * 2.5
Turkey 46 * 4.0
Serbia, Republic of 46 * 3.8
Norway 46 * 3.3
Croatia 48 * 4.0
Greece 50 * 3.7
Iceland 51 * 3.3
Sweden 51 * 3.6
Latvia 55 * 4.0
Thailand 55 * 3.2
Lithuania 55 * 2.3
United Arab Emirates 55 * 4.8
Slovenia 56 * 2.7
Finland 62 * 3.1
Montenegro, Republic of 62 * 3.1
Cyprus 64 * 3.0
Bulgaria 70 * 5.2
Qatar 70 * 1.6
Jordan 75 * 6.3
       
U.S. state education systems      
Florida 22 * 4.1
Connecticut 22 * 5.0
Massachusetts 32 * 4.2
* p<.05. All differences between females and males are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by female-male difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Standard error is noted by s.e. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education