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Science Literacy: Student Economic, Cultural, and Social Status (ESCS)


Average Scores

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Table S8. Average scores of 15-year-old students on PISA science literacy scale, by national quarters of the PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) and education system: 2012
Education system National quarters of the ESCS index      
Bottom quarter   Second quarter   Third quarter   Top quarter   All students
Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.
OECD average 460 0.6   490 0.5   514 0.6   548 0.6   501 0.5
Albania         397 2.4
Argentina 368 4.2   395 4.2   414 4.7   454 4.2   406 3.9
Australia 479 2.3   510 2.1   541 2.7   567 2.6   521 1.8
Austria 456 4.2   496 3.8   519 3.5   556 3.7   506 2.7
Belgium 451 3.6   489 3.3   528 2.3   562 2.7   505 2.2
Brazil 375 2.2   391 2.4   410 2.9   448 4.2   405 2.1
Bulgaria 385 5.5   431 4.2   459 5.5   515 5.7   446 4.8
Canada 496 2.4   519 2.3   535 2.2   563 2.8   525 1.9
Chile 404 3.6   431 3.4   451 2.8   496 4.4   445 2.9
Chinese Taipei 480 3.4   515 2.6   532 2.8   569 2.8   523 2.3
Colombia 368 4.7   387 3.2   403 3.1   437 4.5   399 3.1
Costa Rica 395 3.9   418 3.6   437 3.5   470 4.3   429 2.9
Croatia 462 3.5   482 3.5   492 4.2   531 4.7   491 3.1
Cyprus 397 2.5   427 2.3   446 2.7   492 3.2   438 1.2
Czech Republic 465 5.2   499 4.4   519 3.4   554 3.7   508 3.0
Denmark 454 4.0   487 2.9   516 3.0   545 3.7   498 2.7
Estonia 520 3.0   528 3.0   544 3.0   578 2.9   541 1.9
Finland 514 3.6   538 2.6   557 3.1   581 3.0   545 2.2
France 445 4.0   481 3.6   515 3.5   565 3.7   499 2.6
Germany 478 5.0   516 3.6   552 4.0   576 3.7   524 3.0
Greece 427 4.1   455 4.1   476 3.6   512 3.7   467 3.1
Hong Kong-China 531 4.2   551 3.1   561 3.0   584 4.5   555 2.6
Hungary 443 4.8   482 3.7   505 3.1   553 4.2   494 2.9
Iceland 448 3.3   465 3.6   494 3.6   515 4.1   478 2.1
Indonesia 365 4.0   371 3.8   381 4.1   412 6.5   382 3.8
Ireland 479 4.0   508 3.0   537 2.9   568 3.2   522 2.5
Israel 417 5.6   456 5.0   492 5.3   528 5.3   470 5.0
Italy 456 2.6   484 2.3   507 2.3   529 2.2   494 1.9
Japan 515 5.1   541 3.8   560 4.1   581 5.3   547 3.6
Jordan 386 3.5   399 3.0   421 3.7   441 5.5   409 3.1
Kazakhstan 393 3.8   422 3.8   433 3.4   451 3.8   425 3.0
Korea, Republic of 512 3.7   527 3.6   547 4.1   566 5.2   538 3.7
Latvia 471 4.1   486 3.9   517 3.4   539 4.0   502 2.8
Liechtenstein 480 7.5   541 9.9   531 10.5   555 10.6   525 3.5
Lithuania 461 3.8   483 3.5   507 2.9   534 3.4   496 2.6
Luxembourg 431 3.1   473 2.6   515 2.8   551 3.0   491 1.3
Macao-China 509 2.3   518 2.1   522 1.9   536 2.7   521 0.8
Malaysia 391 3.0   410 3.3   420 3.6   459 4.3   420 3.0
Mexico 387 1.8   408 1.7   419 1.7   446 1.9   415 1.3
Montenegro, Republic of 377 2.2   402 2.6   415 2.6   453 2.6   410 1.1
Netherlands 480 4.7   512 3.6   539 4.3   566 5.4   522 3.5
New Zealand 458 3.7   511 3.5   532 3.2   577 3.5   516 2.1
Norway 462 4.9   487 3.7   511 3.3   529 4.1   495 3.1
Peru 328 3.4   359 2.8   386 3.3   421 5.6   373 3.6
Poland 488 3.8   511 3.2   533 3.6   574 4.5   526 3.1
Portugal 444 4.5   479 4.2   500 3.5   543 3.4   489 3.7
Qatar 344 1.6   386 1.9   409 2.1   408 2.4   384 0.7
Romania 404 3.4   425 3.1   440 3.5   489 5.5   439 3.3
Russian Federation 444 4.1   474 3.3   502 3.2   528 4.9   486 2.9
Serbia, Republic of 417 4.1   434 3.9   446 4.4   484 4.5   445 3.4
Shanghai-China 538 4.7   572 3.3   593 3.3   618 3.9   580 3.0
Singapore 499 3.0   535 3.0   566 2.7   608 3.1   551 1.5
Slovak Republic 405 5.3   463 4.1   487 3.7   535 4.9   471 3.6
Slovenia 474 2.4   501 3.1   524 2.6   562 3.0   514 1.3
Spain 458 2.6   486 2.2   509 2.3   539 2.3   496 1.8
Sweden 448 3.8   476 3.8   503 4.0   528 4.1   485 3.0
Switzerland 469 3.5   505 3.0   528 3.2   562 3.2   515 2.7
Thailand 426 3.9   431 2.7   441 2.9   479 5.1   444 2.9
Tunisia 374 4.0   386 3.7   405 3.7   431 6.2   398 3.5
Turkey 437 3.7   456 3.6   461 4.4   501 5.7   463 3.9
United Arab Emirates 407 2.8   441 2.7   469 3.6   480 5.0   448 2.8
United Kingdom 473 3.8   499 4.0   530 3.9   568 3.6   514 3.4
United States 456 3.9   480 3.9   511 3.7   548 4.5   497 3.8
Uruguay 371 3.4   397 3.8   421 3.5   478 4.8   416 2.8
Vietnam 500 5.5   519 4.5   534 4.1   561 6.0   528 4.3
                             
U.S. state education systems                            
Connecticut 470 6.8   498 6.3   543 5.3   580 5.9   521 5.7
Florida 444 5.7   473 7.5   484 7.3   543 7.4   485 6.4
Massachusetts 474 6.7   506 5.2   546 5.6   587 9.2   527 6.0
― Not available.
† Not applicable.
NOTE: The PISA index of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) was created using student reports on parental occupation, the highest level of parental education, and an index of home possessions related to family wealth, home educational resources and possessions related to “classical” culture in the family home. The home possessions relating to "classical" culture in the family home included possessions such as works of classical literature, books of poetry, and works of art (e.g. paintings). The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Standard error is noted by s.e. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.

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