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Science Literacy: School Poverty Indicator


Male-Female Score Gap

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Figure S2a. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA science literacy scale, by education system: 2012

data in this figure can be found in the table below

# Rounds to zero.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by absolute male-female difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Score differences as noted between males and females are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.


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Table S2b. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA science literacy scale, by education system: 2012
Education system Male-female difference s.e.
OECD average 1 * 0.6
Germany -1   3.0
Singapore -1   2.6
Israel -1   7.6
Czech Republic 1   4.0
Chinese Taipei 1   6.4
Tunisia 1   2.9
Vietnam 1   2.8
Uruguay -1   3.4
Macao-China -1   1.7
Brazil 2   1.7
United States -2   2.7
Portugal -2   2.6
Croatia -2   3.8
Estonia -2   2.7
France -2   3.7
Poland -3   3.0
Italy 3   2.5
Canada 3   2.1
Iceland -3   3.6
Indonesia -3   3.1
Hungary 3   3.3
Netherlands 3   2.9
Korea, Republic of 3   5.1
Norway -4   3.2
Belgium 4   3.6
Ireland 4   4.4
Serbia, Republic of -4   3.9
New Zealand 5   4.9
Australia 5   3.0
Shanghai-China 5   2.7
Romania -5   3.2
Russian Federation -6   2.9
Peru 6   4.0
Switzerland 6 * 2.6
Mexico 6 * 1.1
Hong Kong-China 7   4.2
Argentina -7   3.4
Chile 7 * 3.3
Albania -7 * 3.2
Slovak Republic 7   4.5
Sweden -7 * 3.3
Spain 7 * 2.1
Kazakhstan -9 * 2.9
Austria 9   5.0
Slovenia -9 * 2.8
Denmark 10 * 2.7
Turkey -10 * 4.2
Japan 11 * 4.3
Malaysia -11 * 3.5
Costa Rica 12 * 3.2
Cyprus -13 * 2.5
United Kingdom 13 * 4.7
Greece -13 * 3.1
Lithuania -15 * 2.3
Luxembourg 15 * 2.2
Latvia -15 * 3.6
Finland -16 * 3.0
Montenegro, Republic of -17 * 2.4
Liechtenstein 17   9.1
Colombia 18 * 3.4
Thailand -19 * 3.4
Bulgaria -20 * 4.5
United Arab Emirates -28 * 5.1
Qatar -35 * 1.7
Jordan -43 * 6.4
       
U.S. state education systems      
Massachusetts 3   4.6
Florida 13 * 4.8
Connecticut 14 * 4.5
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
* p<.05. All differences between males and females are significantly different at the05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by absolute male-female difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Standard error is noted by s.e. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education