Mathematics Literacy: Gender


Male-Female Score Gap

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Figure M2a. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA mathematics literacy scale, by education system: 2012

data in this figure can be found in the table below

# Rounds to zero.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by absolute male-female difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Score differences as noted between males and females are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.


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Table M2b. Difference in average scores of 15-year-old female and male students on PISA mathematics literacy scale, by education system: 2012
Education system Male-female difference s.e.
OECD average 11 * 0.6
Montenegro, Republic of #  
Lithuania #  
Cyprus #  
Kazakhstan #  
Albania -1   3.3
Russian Federation -2   3.0
Norway 2   3.0
Bulgaria -2   4.1
Sweden -3   3.0
Finland -3   2.9
Macao-China 3   1.9
Singapore -3   2.5
Slovenia 3   3.1
Romania 4   3.6
Latvia -4   3.6
Poland 4   3.4
Indonesia 5   3.4
United States 5   2.8
United Arab Emirates -5   4.7
Estonia 5 * 2.6
Chinese Taipei 5   8.9
Shanghai-China 6   3.3
Iceland -6 * 3.0
Malaysia -8 * 3.8
Turkey 8   4.7
Greece 8 * 3.2
France 9 * 3.4
Hungary 9 * 3.7
Serbia, Republic of 9 * 3.9
Slovak Republic 9 * 4.5
Vietnam 10 * 3.0
Canada 10 * 2.0
Netherlands 10 * 2.8
Belgium 11 * 3.4
Portugal 11 * 2.5
Uruguay 11 * 3.1
Croatia 12 * 4.1
Israel 12   7.6
Czech Republic 12 * 4.6
Australia 12 * 3.1
United Kingdom 12 * 4.7
Switzerland 13 * 2.7
Germany 14 * 2.8
Thailand -14 * 3.6
Argentina 14 * 2.9
Denmark 14 * 2.3
Mexico 14 * 1.2
New Zealand 15 * 4.3
Tunisia 15 * 2.7
Ireland 15 * 3.8
Hong Kong-China 15 * 5.7
Qatar -16 * 1.4
Spain 16 * 2.2
Brazil 18 * 1.8
Japan 18 * 4.3
Korea, Republic of 18 * 6.2
Italy 18 * 2.5
Peru 19 * 3.9
Jordan -21 * 6.3
Austria 22 * 4.9
Liechtenstein 23 * 8.8
Costa Rica 24 * 2.4
Chile 25 * 3.6
Luxembourg 25 * 2.0
Colombia 25 * 3.2
       
U.S. state education systems      
Massachusetts 10 * 4.9
Florida 14 * 4.1
Connecticut 14 * 4.4
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
* p<.05. All differences between males and females are significantly different at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by absolute male-female difference in 2012 average score. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The OECD average is the average of the national average differences of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Standard error is noted by s.e. Italics indicate non-OECD countries and education systems. Results for Connecticut, Florida, and Massachusetts are for public school students only.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2012.