Paper-based assessment (PBA)
The paper-based assessment consists of the following parts, which are scored by
- Paper-based literacy/numeracy core: A
set of short, easy literacy and numeracy items that will gather information about
the basic literacy and numeracy skills of the participants and serve as a basis
for routing them to the literacy/numeracy or the reading components booklets.
- Paper-based literacy items: 24 literacy
items, based on the PIAAC definition of literacy.
Of these 24 items, 6 are paper-based only and 18 items are presented in both the
paper-based and computer-based assessments. All literacy items are authentic, culturally
appropriate, and representative of the purposes adults pursue in their daily lives
at home, work, and in community contexts. As a set, they cover a range of difficulty
from easy to hard.
- Paper-based numeracy items: 24 items,
based on the PIAAC definition of numeracy
. Of these 24 items, 4 are paper-based only and 20 items are presented in both
the paper-based and computer-based assessments. Paper-based numeracy items cover
the same areas as the computer-based numeracy items in terms of contexts, responses,
mathematical content/information/ideas, and forms of representation.
- Reading Components (RC): The
reading components domain of PIAAC is designed to provide information on the
reading abilities of adults with limited English literacy skills. The RC domain
includes questions about reading vocabulary (34 items), understanding the literal
meaning of sentences (22 items), and comprehending multi-paragraph passages (44 items).
These questions are designed to provide information about the skills of the target
population (i.e., lowest performers) and to capture data on timing and accuracy.
In this way, reading components measure the accuracy and fluency (as shorter response
time) of respondents in each of the three Reading Components sections.
Print Vocabulary questions present an image and four concrete word choices, where
the participants must select the correct word choice that matches the picture. Sentence
Processing questions asks participants to make sensible judgment about accuracy
of a sentence. Passage Comprehension questions present passages embedded with a
choice of words to complete the passage.