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Table C.2.05. Steps to becoming a primary school teacher as reported in International Review of Curriculum and Assessment Frameworks Internet Archive (INCA), by type and length of training available and country: 2010

Country   Type of training available    
Length of training Concurrent Combined Consecutive On-the-job training Probationary period Registration necessary
England1 3 to 5 years   1 year
Ireland1 3 to 4 years     1 year
Northern Ireland1 3 to 5 years     1 year
Scotland 4 years     1 year
Wales1 3 to 5 years   1 year
France 5 years       1 year
Germany2 5 years       2.5 years
Hungary 4 years      
Italy 4 years       1 year
Netherlands 4 years       Discretionary  
Spain3 3 to 4 years       3 months to 1 year
Sweden 3 to 5.5 years       1 year  
Switzerland 3 years        
Australia 4 to 5 years   3 months to 1 year
Canada 4 to 5 years   In some provinces
Japan 4 years       1 year
Korea 4 years        
New Zealand 3 to 4 years     2 years
Singapore4 2 to 4 years     1 year  
South Africa5 4 years    
USA6 4 to 5 years 1 to .3 years
— Not available.
1Traditionally the concurrent route has been chosen by those intending to be primary school teachers and the consecutive by those intending to teach in secondary schools.
2Training consists of two phases: 3 to 4 years of university studies followed by 1.5 to 2 years of preparatory 'on-the-job' training.
3New arrangements for teacher training were announced following the Organic Law of Education (LOE; legislation passed in 2006). This will increase the length of training from 3 to 4 years.
4A two-year qualification only entitles the holder to teach in a primary school. Although there is no formal registration process, teachers are appointed by the state or its local arm and thus are informally registered. They must also serve a three-year teaching bond.
5Although the concurrent and consecutive training models exist, the concurrent is preferred. Teachers must register with the South African Council for Educators (SACE).
6The concurrent program usually lasts for 4 years. The probationary period may last between 1 to .3 years depending on the state.
NOTE: Primary education typically corresponds to kindergarten through grade 5 in the United States. The concurrent model: teacher training is combined with a degree which results in the award of a Bachelor of Education degree or similar. The combined model: a joint degree in education and a specific subject. The consecutive model: a program of professional education training is undertaken once an undergraduate degree has been obtained. Length of training for the consecutive route includes the time taken to obtain a first degree. On-the-job training tends to last one to two years. For those countries with devolved structures (Australia, Canada, Germany, South Africa, Switzerland, and the USA) it is not always possible to provide ‘national’ data. Readers should therefore recognize that the data may refer to specific states or provinces, as examples, and cannot necessarily be taken to reflect a national position.
SOURCE: O'Donnell, S., Sargent, C., Byrne, A., and White, E. (2010). International Review of Curriculum and Assessment Frameworks Internet Archive Comparative Tables. Table 11.1. International Review of Curriculum and Assessment Frameworks Internet Archive.
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