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Table E.1.11. OECD: Typical tertiary graduation ages and graduation rate calculations, by type of program and country: 2009

Country Typical graduation ages   Graduation rate calculation: Gross versus net1
  Tertiary-type B (ISCED 5B)   Tertiary-type A (ISCED 5A)   Advanced research programs (ISCED 6)
First-time tertiary-type B Tertiary-type B (first degree) First-time tertiary-type A Tertiary-type A (first and second degrees) Advanced research programs   First-time   First degree   First-time   First degree   Second degree  
3 to less than 5 years 5 to 6 years More than 6 years   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only   Graduation rate (all students) Graduation rate for international/ foreign students only
OECD countries                                                  
Australia 20-21 20-21 21-22 21-22 22-23 24 25-26   net -   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Austria 21-23 21-23 23-25 22-24 24-26 27-29   net -   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Belgium 21-22 21-22 21 - - - 27-29   - -   net net   - -   net net   net net   net net
Canada 21-24 21-24 22-24 22 23-24 25 27-29   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Chile 22-25 22-25 24-26 23-26 24-26 25-27 30-34   - -   net -   - -   net -   net -   net -
Czech Republic 22-23 22-23 23-25 23 25 28   net -   net -   net -   net -   net -   net -
Denmark 23-25 23-25 24 24 26 25-29 30-34   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Estonia 21-22 21-22 21-23 21 23 30-34   - -   net net   - -   net net   net net   net net
Finland 30-34 30-34 25-29 24 26 35-39 30-34   # #   # #   net -   net net   net net   net net
France 20-24 20-24 20-25 20-23 22-25 28-31 27-29   - -   gross -   - -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Germany 21-23 21-23 24-27 24-26 25-27 28-29   gross -   gross -   net net   net net   net net   net net
Greece - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
Hungary 21 21 23-25 23 25 30-34   net -   net -   net -   net -   net -   net -
Iceland 24 24 24 24 26 # 35-39   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Ireland 20-21 20-21 21 21 23 25 27   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Israel - - 26 26 28-29 30-34   - -   - -   net -   net -   net -   net -
Italy 22-23 22-23 23 23 25 30-34   gross -   gross gross   net net   net net   - #   - -
Japan 19 19 21-23 21 23 24 26   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Korea 20 20 22-24 22 24 30-34   - -   net -   - -   net -   net -   net -
Luxembourg - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
Mexico 20 20 23 23 23-26 - 24-28   net -   net -   net -   net -   gross -   gross -
Netherlands - - 23 23 28-29   # #   - -   net net   net net   net net   gross -
New Zealand 19-21 19-21 21-23 21-23 23 24 27-28   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Norway 21-22 21-22 22-27 22-23 24-25 26-27 28-29   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Poland 22 22 23-25 23 25 25-29   gross -   net -   net #   net net   gross net   gross -
Portugal 21 21 22 22 23 30-34   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Slovak Republic 22 22 23 22-23 25 27   net -   net -   net net   net net   net net   net net
Slovenia 22-25 22-25 24-25 24-25 24-25 28   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Spain 19-20 19-20 22-23 20-22 22-23 30-34 30-34   net -   net -   net -   net gross   net gross   net -
Sweden 22-23 22-23 25 25 25 30-34   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
Switzerland 23-29 23-29 24-26 24-26 25-27 25-27 30-34   gross -   gross -   net -   net net   net net   net net
Turkey 21 21 22-24 22-23 25-26 30-34 30-34   net -   net -   gross -   net -   net -   net -
United Kingdom 19-24 19-24 20-25 20-22 22-24 23-25 25-29   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net   net net
United States 19 19 21 21 23 24 26   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Non-OECD member countries                                                  
Argentina - 20-24 - 20-24 25-29 25-29   - -   gross -   - -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Brazil - - 22-24 22-24 - - 30-34   - -   net -   - -   net -   net -   net -
China - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
India - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
Indonesia - 24 - 24 24 24 25-27   - -   net -   - -   net -   net -   net -
Russian Federation 20 20 22 21 22 23 25-26   - -   gross -   - -   gross -   gross -   gross -
Saudi Arabia - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
South Africa - - - - - - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -   - -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Net graduation rates represent the estimated percentage of an age group that will graduate, based on current patterns of graduation, and are calculated as the sum of age-specific graduation rates. In order to calculate gross graduation rates, countries identify the age at which graduation typically occurs. The number of graduates, regardless of age, is divided by the population at the typical graduation age.
NOTE: Where tertiary-type A data are available by duration of program, the graduation rate for all programs is the sum of the graduation rates by duration of program. ISCED Level 5 refers to Tertiary programs. Tertiary programs refer to post-secondary education and include both higher and vocational education/training. Tertiary-type B programs refer to vocational programs. Tertiary-type A programs refer to academic higher education. First-time refers to any first-time graduation. In the case of tertiary-type A programs, this includes people who have received their first bachelor’s, master’s, and first professional degrees. First degree refers to all people who have graduated with a bachelor’s degree or vocational associate’s degree. The United States does not distinguish between first-time and first degrees. A second degree refers to all people who have graduated with a master’s or first professional degree. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table X1.1c. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education