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Table E.1.10. OECD: Typical upper secondary graduation ages and graduation rate calculations, by program orientation and educational/labor market destination, type of program, and country: 2009

Country Typical graduation ages   Graduation rate calculation: Gross versus net2
First-time Program orientation   Educational/labor market destination   First-time graduates Program orientation   Educational/labor market destination
General programs Pre-vocational or vocational programs   ISCED 3A programs ISCED 3B programs ISCED 3C short programs1 ISCED 3C long programs1   General programs Pre-vocational or vocational programs   ISCED 3A programs ISCED 3B programs ISCED 3C short programs1 ISCED 3C long programs1
OECD countries                                  
Australia 17 17 17   17 17   gross net net   net net
Austria 17-18 17-18 17-19   17-18 17-19 14-15 16-17   gross net net   net net net net
Belgium 18 18 18   18 18 18   gross net net   net net net
Canada 17-18 17-18 17-18   17-18 17-18   net net net   net net
Chile 17 17 17   17   net net net   net
Czech Republic 18-19 19 18-19   19 19 18   gross gross gross   gross gross gross
Denmark 18-19 18-19 20-21   18-19 27 20-21   net net net   net net net
Estonia 18 18 18   18 18 18   gross net net   net net net
Finland 19 19 19   19   net net net   net
France 18-20 18-19 17-21   18-19 19-21 17-21 18-23   gross net net   net net net net
Germany 19-20 19-20 19-20   19-20 19-20 19-20   gross gross gross   gross gross gross
Greece - - -   - - -   - - -   - - - -
Hungary 19 19 19   19 18 19   net net net   net - net
Iceland 19 19 17   19 19 17 19   net net net   net net net net
Ireland 18-19 18 19   18 19 18   net net net   net net net
Israel 17 17 17   17 17   net net net   net net
Italy 18 18 17   18 17 16   gross net gross   net gross gross
Japan 17 17 17   17 17 15 17   gross gross gross   gross gross - gross
Korea 18 18 18   18 18   gross gross gross   gross gross
Luxembourg 17-20 17-18 17-20   17-19 18-20 16-18 17-19   net net net   net net net net
Mexico 18 18 18   18 18   net net net   net net
Netherlands 17-19 17 19   17 18   gross net net   net net
New Zealand 17-18 17-18 17-18   18 17 17 17   net net net   net net net net
Norway 18-20 18 19-20   18 - 19-20   net net net   net - net
Poland 19-20 19 20   19 19   net net net   net net
Portugal 17 17 17   - - - -   net net net   - - - -
Slovak Republic 18-19 19 19   19 18 18   net net net   net net net
Slovenia 18 18 16-18   18 18 16 17   gross net gross   net gross net gross
Spain 17 17 17   17 17 17 17   gross gross gross   gross gross gross gross
Sweden 18 18 18   18 18 18 18   net net net   net # # net
Switzerland 18-20 18-20 18-20   18-20 18-20 17-19 18-20   gross gross gross   gross gross gross gross
Turkey 17 17 17   17 -   net net net   net -
United Kingdom 16 16 16   18 18 16 16   gross - -   - - gross gross
United States 17 17 -   17 - - -   net - -   - - - -
Non-OECD member countries                                  
Argentina - 17 17   17   - net net   net
Brazil 17-18 17-18 18-19   17-18 18-19   gross net net   net net
China 17 17 17   17 - 17 17   gross gross gross   gross gross gross gross
India - - -   - - - -   - - -   - - - -
Indonesia 17 17 17   17 17   - net net   net net
Russian Federation 17 17 17   17 17 16 17   gross gross gross   gross gross gross gross
Saudi Arabia - - -   - - - -   - - -   - - - -
South Africa - - -   - - - -   - - -   - - - -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Duration categories for ISCED 3C - Short: at least one year shorter than ISCED 3A/3B programs; Long: of similar duration to ISCED 3A or 3B programs.
2 Net graduation rates represent the estimated percentage of an age group that will graduate, based on current patterns of graduation, and are calculated as the sum of age-specific graduation rates. In order to calculate gross graduation rates, countries identify the age at which graduation typically occurs. The number of graduates, regardless of age, is divided by the population at the typical graduation age.
NOTE: Upper secondary typically refers to high school, grades 9/10-12. Within this level, ISCED 3A refers to programs designed to provide direct access to tertiary academic higher education, ISCED 3B refers to programs designed to provide direct access to tertiary vocational programs/training, and ISCED 3C refers to programs not designed to lead to tertiary education. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table X1.1a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education