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Table D.2.15. OECD: Percentage of 15-year-old students and their average PISA science, reading and mathematics scores, by level of education of parents and jurisdiction: 2006

  Parents with completed lower secondary education or below
(ISCED Levels 0,1 or 2)1
  Parents with completed tertiary education
(ISCED Levels 5 or 6)1
  Difference in science performance between students whose parents have completed tertiary education minus students whose parents have completed lower secondary education or below  
     
                                             
  Percent s.e. Achievement   Percent s.e. Achievement  
  Science   Reading   Mathematics   Science   Reading   Mathematics   PISA 2006   PISA 2003   PISA 2000  
Jurisdiction Mean score s.e.   Mean score s.e.   Mean score s.e.   Mean score s.e.   Mean score s.e.   Mean score s.e.   Difference   s.e.   Difference   s.e.   Difference   s.e.  
OECD average 15 0.1 446 1.3   443 1.7   448 1.4   47 0.2 525 0.7   516 0.7   522 0.8   79 * 1.4   76 * 1.6   70 * 1.5  
OECD countries                                                                    
Australia 11 0.4 486 3.3   477 3.1   487 3.0   54 0.7 548 2.5   532 2.3   539 2.7   62 * 3.5   53 * 4.6   64 * 6.4  
Austria 4 0.6 414 15.0   417 20.0   426 14.7   51 1.1 522 3.8   500 4.0   514 3.7   108 * 14.8   85 * 8.8   70 * 7.5  
Belgium 7 0.5 437 7.6   425 9.4   444 11.8   58 0.9 536 2.4   525 3.0   546 2.6   98 * 7.5   95 * 6.1   80 * 6.3  
Canada 4 0.3 476 6.7   466 7.7   485 5.9   69 0.6 547 2.0   540 2.4   537 2.0   71 * 6.4   64 * 4.7   62 * 3.5  
Czech Republic 2 0.3       33 0.9 533 4.8   499 5.5   533 5.0              
                                                                     
Denmark 7 0.5 427 5.8   435 6.4   456 5.2   63 1.1 513 3.5   509 3.5   527 3.0   86 * 6.6   78 * 6.7   104 * 7.7  
Finland 6 0.4 532 5.7   518 5.1   517 6.0   77 0.8 572 2.2   556 2.3   556 2.3   39 * 5.9   39 * 5.2   43 * 6.0  
France 16 0.8 446 5.7   445 6.4   448 5.0   39 1.2 529 4.5   517 4.8   526 4.3   84 * 6.8   81 * 7.8   70 * 7.0  
Germany 15 0.9 449 6.8   420 7.4   446 6.9   46 1.1 543 3.6   521 4.2   531 3.8   94 * 6.0   124 * 6.5   117 * 9.9  
Greece 18 1.0 418 4.8   409 6.6   404 5.0   44 1.3 498 3.7   480 4.3   485 3.7   80 * 5.5   62 * 6.3   53 * 6.8  
                                                                     
Hungary 7 0.6 426 4.6   406 8.5   407 5.5   35 1.2 543 3.6   520 3.8   533 4.2   118 * 5.3   123 * 7.9   146 * 9.7  
Iceland 11 0.6 450 5.3   449 5.3   469 5.0   50 0.8 511 2.3   505 2.8   526 2.4   62 * 5.9   44 * 4.9   40 * 5.8  
Ireland 11 0.6 467 5.9   478 6.7   463 5.1   46 1.2 533 3.5   541 3.6   523 3.1   66 * 5.9   66 * 5.9   47 * 5.9  
Italy 28 0.7 443 3.0   437 3.8   433 2.7   26 0.7 491 3.2   482 3.7   477 3.4   49 * 4.0   62 * 5.5   56 * 7.7  
Japan 3 0.3       61 1.1 554 3.3   521 3.6   545 3.1       65 * 15.2      
                                                                     
Korea 9 0.5 486 7.1   529 7.5   507 7.3   43 1.3 541 4.8   573 4.4   570 5.8   55 * 8.1   62 * 6.5   45 * 6.0  
Luxembourg 21 0.5 431 3.0   426 3.3   449 2.7   45 0.6 518 2.3   510 2.3   516 2.1   86 * 3.7   76 * 4.5   67 * 6.6  
Mexico 53 1.2 388 2.9   386 3.7   383 3.3   36 1.0 437 3.8   441 4.0   434 3.7   49 * 4.2   47 * 5.0   60 * 7.5  
Netherlands 11 0.7 476 6.4   460 6.9   490 6.0   53 1.0 546 2.9   524 3.2   549 2.7   70 * 6.4   58 * 7.1   59 * 7.2  
New Zealand 9 0.4 475 5.5   472 5.9   480 5.2   53 1.0 557 3.1   545 3.4   544 2.9   82 * 5.6   83 * 6.1   73 * 8.2  
                                                                     
Norway 3 0.3       68 0.9 501 2.9   498 3.0   502 2.5       65 * 9.5   56 * 8.5  
Poland 5 0.4 432 4.9   440 6.8   434 5.3   19 0.8 553 3.9   561 4.5   545 3.7   121 * 6.2       109 * 15.5  
Portugal 54 1.4 454 3.3   450 4.2   446 3.5   23 1.1 513 4.1   515 4.5   504 4.4   59 * 4.5   44 * 5.0   47 * 7.4  
Slovak Republic 3 0.6 376 17.9   348 26.0   356 24.3   29 0.9 529 4.2   506 4.4   532 4.6   152 * 18.9   175 * 26.0      
Spain 36 1.1 461 2.9   438 2.9   456 2.6   35 1.1 518 3.0   483 3.0   506 3.2   56 * 3.6   57 * 4.6   64 * 5.6  
                                                                     
Sweden 8 0.5 456 4.9   463 5.9   462 5.4   69 0.8 515 2.4   519 3.4   514 2.5   59 * 5.2   68 * 6.3   43 * 6.5  
Switzerland 19 0.7 458 3.5   453 3.5   481 3.6   50 0.9 534 3.7   520 3.7   549 3.6   76 * 3.8   85 * 5.2   82 * 6.5  
Turkey 58 1.5 404 2.4   429 3.7   401 2.7   16 1.2 477 10.6   494 9.6   485 13.2   74 * 10.8   89 * 13.1      
United Kingdom 5 0.3 450 5.9   444 5.9   450 4.8   51 0.8 537 2.9   516 2.8   512 2.6   87 * 6.2   84 * 7.7   74 * 7.8  
United States 7 0.7 414 6.0     412 5.1   58 1.4 511 4.9     494 4.7   97 * 7.1   84 * 7.8   99 * 11.2  
Non-OECD countries                                                                    
Argentina 34 1.8 353 6.0   338 7.2   344 6.0   45 1.8 422 5.8   402 7.4   408 6.4   69 * 6.0       69 * 9.1  
Azerbaijan 3 0.3       60 1.3 388 3.0   362 3.3   476 2.4              
Brazil 47 1.0 365 2.8   367 4.1   342 3.3   36 1.0 416 4.4   417 4.9   397 4.9   51 * 5.0   33 * 5.5   60 * 7.6  
Bulgaria 7 0.8 340 11.2   295 15.1   328 12.9   36 1.8 477 8.1   446 8.5   453 8.1   137 * 13.2       117 * 20.4  
Chile 28 1.9 391 3.8   397 4.9   363 4.2   31 1.7 485 4.6   490 6.3   456 4.7   93 * 5.3       81 * 6.3  
                                                                     
Colombia 42 1.9 368 4.1   361 6.4   346 5.1   43 1.4 410 4.1   411 5.6   394 4.2   42 * 4.7          
Croatia 6 0.4 443 5.2   426 5.4   415 5.4   44 0.8 504 2.8   485 3.1   476 2.6   61 * 5.3          
Estonia 2 0.3       51 1.0 543 3.0   510 3.1   527 3.0              
Hong Kong-China 44 1.3 523 3.0   521 3.2   529 3.2   14 1.0 575 6.8   561 6.3   580 7.3   52 * 6.6   38 * 6.8   54 * 7.7  
Indonesia 54 2.2 378 4.2   377 4.6   375 4.2   18 1.3 416 7.0   414 7.7   416 8.1   38 * 7.1   26 * 6.1   37 * 9.3  
                                                                     
Israel 6 0.5 393 7.6   387 8.2   378 7.7   68 1.0 474 4.1   457 5.0   462 4.5   81 * 7.6       101 * 14.8  
Jordan 23 1.1 387 3.4   364 4.2   348 3.9   48 1.3 447 3.7   425 4.4   409 4.0   60 * 4.5          
Kyrgyzstan 2 0.2       77 1.0 328 2.9   294 3.5   318 3.6              
Latvia 2 0.3       51 1.0 503 3.6   493 4.2   502 3.5           89 * 13.2  
Liechtenstein 20 1.9 466 12.1   464 11.9   479 13.2   51 2.7 550 6.2   536 5.8   548 6.2   84 * 15.2   81 * 13.4   56 * 17.9 !
                                                                     
Lithuania 1 0.1       58 1.2 507 3.4   489 3.7   508 3.6              
Macao-China 57 0.9 504 1.5   487 1.5   518 1.9   10 0.5 516 4.5   499 4.7   525 4.5   12 * 4.8 ! 23 * 10.5 !    
Montenegro 4 0.3 361 5.6   339 6.4   350 6.4   61 0.8 421 1.5   402 1.8   410 1.8   60 * 5.9          
Qatar 15 0.4 331 2.1   288 2.8   291 2.4   61 0.5 361 1.2   327 1.7   334 1.5   31 * 2.5          
Romania 7 0.9 357 7.3   339 11.0   357 9.9   49 1.5 429 5.6   402 6.1   425 5.5   72 * 10.1       45 * 9.0  
                                                                     
Russian Federation 1 0.2       43 1.3 498 4.2   457 5.0   493 4.6           70 * 9.8  
Serbia 6 0.4 378 6.5   335 7.5   370 6.8   50 0.9 447 3.2   413 3.5   446 3.7   69 * 6.7          
Slovenia 7 0.5 448 7.0   437 7.4   441 6.7   36 0.7 559 2.4   528 2.0   542 2.3   111 * 7.4          
Chinese Taipei 21 1.0 491 4.8   459 4.6   504 6.2   16 0.7 589 3.9   544 3.8   605 4.6   98 * 5.7          
Thailand 64 1.1 405 2.0   402 2.6   400 2.2   13 0.9 482 5.7   475 5.9   477 5.3   77 * 6.2   71 * 6.4   64 * 6.9  
                                                                     
Tunisia 45 1.8 369 2.5   365 3.3   342 3.1   25 1.6 408 6.8   401 8.1   403 7.9   39 * 7.4   38 * 8.4      
Uruguay 34 1.0 392 3.3   373 5.0   385 3.2   54 1.0 452 2.9   438 4.0   451 2.9   60 * 3.4   56 * 4.5      
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
*p<05. Difference is statistically significant.
1Education levels are defined according to the 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED97). Pre-primary education refers to ISCED97 level 0. Primary and secondary education refers to ISCED97 levels 1 (primary education), 2 (lower secondary education), 3 (upper secondary education), and 4 (postsecondary nontertiary programs). Higher education refers to the ISCED97 levels 5A (academic higher education below the doctoral level), 5B (vocational higher education), and 6 (doctoral level of academic higher education).
NOTE: Results based on students' self-reports. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard errors are noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006. OECD. (2007) PISA 2006 Science Competencies for Tomorrow's World, table 4.7a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education