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Table D.2.10. IEA: Percentage distribution and average achievement scores of fourth-grade students as reported in PIRLS, by the index of early home literacy activities (EHLA) and country: 2006


  High EHLA   Medium EHLA   Low EHLA
  2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001   2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001   2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001
Countries Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.
International average 54 0.2   515 0.6         33 0.2   494 0.6         13 0.1   475 1.1    
                                                               
Scotland1 85 1.1   547 3.5         14 1.1   522 8.2         2 0.4     #  
Canada, Nova Scotia 77 0.8   553 2.3         20 0.8   523 3.4         3 0.3   510 7.8    
Russian Federation 75 1.0   573 3.2   9   1.6   20 0.8   548 4.3   -6   1.3   4 0.4   520 6.7   -3   0.8
New Zealand1 74 1.0   560 2.0   5 ! 1.5   22 0.9   519 3.8   -4 ! 1.4   4 0.4   501 8.0    
Israel 73 1.2   526 4.3         22 1.0   531 5.8         5 0.4   531 7.8    
                                                               
Canada, Ontario2 71 1.3   563 3.0         23 1.0   541 4.2         6 0.6   539 8.4    
Canada, British Columbia2 71 1.2   570 2.9         23 1.0   547 4.3         6 0.5   539 6.7    
Canada, Alberta2 70 1.2   573 2.5         25 1.1   554 3.9         5 0.6   516 6.4    
Hungary 69 0.9   560 3.1   7   1.4   26 0.8   541 3.7   -6   1.3   5 0.5   525 7.8    
Spain1 68 1.1   530 2.5         26 1.0   506 4.0         6 0.6   487 6.4    
                                                               
Macedonia, Rep. of2 67 1.0   460 4.3   6   1.7   27 0.8   431 5.0   -4 ! 1.3   6 0.5   414 9.3    
Trinidad and Tobago 67 1.2   457 5.1         27 0.9   416 5.3         6 0.6   363 10.4    
Georgia 66 1.5   481 3.6         26 1.2   461 4.3         8 1.0   458 11.5    
Italy 65 1.0   561 2.7   3 ! 1.4   28 0.9   545 3.9         7 0.6   531 6.1    
Slovak Republic 65 1.1   542 2.2         30 0.8   524 3.3         5 0.6   475 15.6   #  
                                                               
Netherlands1 64 1.2   561 1.8   9   1.6   30 1.0   547 2.8   -7   1.4   6 0.6   544 5.1   -2 ! 0.9
Canada, Quebec2 64 1.1   544 3.0         30 1.0   523 3.6         6 0.6   517 6.1      
Slovenia 64 0.9   532 2.3   6   1.4   31 0.8   510 3.2   -6   1.3   5 0.3   503 5.2      
Poland 62 1.1   532 2.5         32 1.0   506 3.4         6 0.5   491 6.7      
Latvia 60 1.1   550 2.4         33 1.0   532 3.4         7 0.5   526 5.4      
                                                                 
France 59 1.0   533 2.4         33 0.9   516 2.6         8 0.6   500 4.5      
Bulgaria 57 1.9   562 4.2         26 1.1   540 5.4         17 1.8   524 9.7      
Germany 57 0.8   558 2.5   13   1.1   34 0.9   551 2.5   -9   1.2   9 0.5   531 4.8   -5   0.8
Iceland2 56 0.9   527 1.9   3 ! 1.2   35 0.9   506 2.4   -4 ! 1.2   9 0.5   492 5.4      
Lithuania 55 1.1   545 1.9   7   1.7   36 1.0   531 1.9         9 0.5   523 3.8   -3 ! 1.0
                                                                 
Belgium (French) 52 0.9   513 2.9         36 0.7   493 3.3         11 0.7   475 5.5      
Denmark 52 1.1   558 2.5         36 1.0   541 3.1         11 0.6   529 4.6      
Austria 52 1.0   552 2.3         37 0.9   532 2.4         11 0.6   510 3.7      
Romania 51 1.9   518 3.8         30 1.3   483 5.2   #       19 1.8   427 10.0      
Norway 49 1.2   509 3.1         41 1.2   495 3.5   #       11 0.7   485 6.4      
                                                                 
South Africa2 49 0.9   325 8.0         40 0.7   285 4.7         11 0.4   277 5.3      
Kuwait2 48 1.1   355 4.5         39 0.9   327 5.3         13 0.7   311 9.6      
Luxembourg 47 0.7   574 1.4         36 0.7   553 2.0         17 0.4   535 2.0      
Sweden 46 1.1   561 2.6   5   1.3   40 1.0   547 2.7   -5   1.2   14 0.7   532 3.6   #    
Moldova, Rep. of 46 1.3   513 3.7   5 ! 1.8   36 1.2   494 3.2         17 1.1   480 6.0      
                                                                 
Indonesia 44 1.6   418 4.2         37 1.4   404 4.8         19 1.8   383 5.4      
Belgium (Flemish) 41 0.9   560 2.4         41 0.8   544 2.1         18 0.7   530 2.6      
Singapore 38 0.8   581 2.8         42 0.6   553 2.9   #       20 0.6   534 4.2      
Qatar1 36 0.8   372 2.4         45 0.8   357 2.2         18 0.6   340 3.2      
Chinese Taipei 31 0.8   557 2.4         46 0.6   535 2.1         23 0.8   515 3.3      
                                                                 
Hong Kong SAR2,3 26 0.9   578 2.6   10   1.2   45 0.8   563 2.4   -9   1.2   29 1.1   558 3.2      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 25 1.1   454 4.0   7   1.6   38 1.2   432 3.7         37 1.7   390 4.5   -9   2.4
Morocco 13 0.8   357 9.2         31 1.4   340 6.4         56 1.7   306 8.1      
England                            
United States                            
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2006 percent significantly higher.
▼ 2006 percent significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
NOTE: The data are based on parents’ responses to the frequency of the following activities they engage in with their child prior to entry into primary school: read books, tell stories, sing songs, play with alphabet toys (e.g., blocks with letters of the alphabet), play word games, and read aloud signs and labels. Average is computed across the 6 items based on a 3-point scale: Never or almost never = 1, Sometimes = 2, and Often = 3. High level indicates an average score of greater than 2.33 through 3. Medium level indicates an average score of 1.67 through 2.33. Low level indicates an average score of 1 to less than 1.67. The international average does not include the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. (In 2001, the Russian sample contained both third- and fourth-grade students; in 2006, however, all students were in fourth grade. Slovenia is in transition towards having all children begin school at an earlier age so that instead of having three years of primary schooling, as was the case in 2001, they all will have four years. This transition was not complete in 2006, however.) Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 3.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education